Delhi Temple: Top 20 Oldest and Famous Hindu Temples in Delhi

Delhi Temple

Indian varied culture has gifted the capital city with many religious places. Delhi is famous for its various cultural temples that are beautifully designed by architecture. These elegant Hindu Temples Delhi will make your visit most memorable.

There are many large temples beautiful residing on several acres of land where thousands of people visit every year. Each temple has its significance belonging to Jain, Hindu, and Buddhist temples, along with some different shrines with different beliefs. Have a look at some best temples in Delhi because they are part of Indian history and culture.

Here we have compiled Delhi temples list for you to visit once you visit Delhi surely.

1. Akshardham Temple

Akshardham Temple is a sign of spirituality with the combination of exhibitions, gardens, and the temple of Lord Akshardham. This famous Temple in Delhi has around 200 Murtis that represent the lifestyle of the lord. This temple explains that the prayer we call and deceit is all about moving towards God.

It is an enriching experience to visit this place and to realize the power of prayers. Once you visit this temple, one is full of strength and highlights Hinduism. This Delhi temple opened in 2005 on 6th November. It took around 300,000,000 hours to construct this temple with the hard work of over 8,000 volunteers from around the world.

2. Bhairon Mandir

Also known as Prachin Bhairon Mandir, is one of the best temples in Delhi. Lord Shiva is believed to have many forms, and Bhairon is one among them. For Hindus, this New Delhi temple is the best pilgrimage center from all over India. The most exciting part of this temple is that liquor is given as Prasad to the visitors of this temple. You may not find this feature anywhere else.

Even many devotees bring national and international brands of liquor to offer it in front of God. The story behind the opening of Bhairon Mandir Delhi was that Goddess Durga killed one of the demons at this place. But his excellent nature saved him and cleared the sins he did in his past life. This man was fond of liquor, and so people devoted him.

3. Chhatarpur Mandir

Chhatarpur Mandir

Chhatarpur Mandir is famous for Goddess Katyayani that spreads on 70 acres of land. Baba Sant Nagpal Ji established this Hindu temple Delhi in 1974. It is the biggest temple in India and the largest in the world made from marble entirely. And on the facets, it has Jaali work all around. On the whole land, there are small and large 20 temples in the three different complexes.

Mata Katyayani is one of the forms of Durga Goddess that open for two times during Navratras in one year. There is one old tree situated at the entrance of the temple where people tie a knot to the holy thread for the accomplishment of their wishes. It is the biggest temple in Delhi.

4. Dada Dev Mandir

Dada Dev Mandir

Dada Dev Mandir first established in 838 AD for paying tribute to Dada Dev Ji, who was believed to be one among incarnations of Shesh Naag. People used to seek blessings from him before they start a new work, go for marriage and venture.

Dada Dev Ji lived in Tonk District of Rajasthan and Jaidev, and Ramdev bought one stone from this district. When they were returning, the stone fell in the area and then a temple established at this place. Murti of Dada Dev Ji built on the Stone, and people believe that Dada Dev Ji spends most of the time sitting on this Shila. It is the oldest temple in Delhi.

5. Gauri Shankar Temple

Gauri Shankar is the famous Hindu Temple Delhi, which got established around 800 years ago. It located near to Digambar Jain Lal Mandir in Chandni Chownk Old Delhi. This temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva made from 800 years ago Phallus stone. Around this stone, snakes have been built made from silver.

There is one cosmic pillar in which people believed that it is the center of life. People thought that this temple was built by Apa Ganga Dhar, who was the biggest devotee of Lord Shiva. The temple underwent renovation in 1959, and today his name is engraved on the windows. It is the most famous temple in Delhi.

6. Hanuman Mandir, Connaught Place

Hanuman Mandir CP

Hanuman Temple is the oldest temple in Delhi that resides in Connaught Place in Delhi. People claim that this temple is one of the most claimed temples of Mahabharata days. This temple has a manifest idol of Hanuman and locates on the bank of river Yamuna. It is believed that Pandavas built this temple with the entrance named Baba Kharak Singh Marg.

Below every painting of Shri Hanuman Ji maharaja, there is a script of Sundar Kand engraved on the marble pieces and attached to the walls. Also, the images of Ram, Sita, and Lakshman are embedded along with that of Krishna and Radha. Tuesdays and Saturdays are the special days on which most of the devotees visit this New Delhi temple from different parts of India

7. Hanuman Mandir, Jhandewalan

Hanuman Mandir Karol bag

It is another most famous temple in Delhi dedicated to Shri Hanuman Ji Maharaj that has around 108 ft massive statue of Lord Hanuman. Entrance to the temple is an open mouth of Rakshas that reveals the story of the monsters whom Hanuman Ji killed in the service of Lord Rama.

At the base, there lies the temple of Goddess Kali, and she is also famous in the Hindu religion but with no appropriate recognition. Tuesdays every week get a massive crowd, but this temple remains open every day. This great Hindu Temple Delhi has attracted most of the devotees to visit it. While reciting the Aarti in the evening, Hanuman Ji moves his hands back to open up images of Lord Rama and Sita Mata in his chest.

8. ISKCON Temple

ISKCON Temple Delhi

ISKCON Temple is famous all around the world. It is the Vaishnav temple dedicated to Lord Krishna and Radha. This temple first opened for the devotees on 5 April in 1998 by the PM of India. This temple resides on Hare Krishna hills in New Delhi, India. This temple has many rooms for the priests and for the other people who serve God.

Halls on this Hindu Temple Delhi is for conducting seminars and divided into four sections. This temple is best for the visitors to know about Hindu texts shown in the best form using multimedia technology. Also, this temple is famous by the name of Radha Parthasarathi.

9. Kali Mandir

It is the famous temple complex and the cultural center of Chittaranjan Park in New Delhi. In 1973, for the first time, this temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva, but by 1984 the shrines of Goddess Kali and Krishna were added to this holy place. In this temple, an annual Durga Puja is conducted to make the moment memorable in the whole of India rather than only Bengal.

The famous temple in Delhi located on a small hill has a colony on its one end. Every year some special religious functions take place in this sacred place, and the prominent one is Durga Puja, where several Bengali’s take part in it. It attracts a massive crowd every day.

10. Kalkaji Temple

Also known as Kalkaji Mandir, it is the most famous Hindu Temple Delhi to show respect to Goddess Kali. It is the renowned temple of Southern Delhi in Kalkaji even people believe that Goddess Kalka shrines back to Satya Yuga to the time when Goddess Kalika killed a giant demon Raktabija.

Temple got rejuvenate by Marathas after Aurangzebs destroyed it. It is the oldest temple in Delhi constructed before 1764 AD. When the temple went through other construction, many Hindu bankers built up Dharamshalas around it. Also, many Delhi Merchants took part in it. Today, this temple is made up of brick masonry and visited every day with a good crowd every year.

11. Lakshmi Narayan Temple

Lakshmi Narayan Temple

Also known as Birla Mandir, this famous temple of Delhi is dedicated to Laxminarayana to which usually calls Lord Vishnu. Builder of this temple is Jugal Kishore and Birla and inaugurated by Mahatama Gandhi. It took a whole six years to build this famous Hindu temple. It has side temples dedicated to Krishna, Shiva, and Buddha.

This New Delhi temple spread over 7.5 acres of land and also listed among the most significant temples of Delhi. Its famous Laxminarayana Temple is now a major attraction because of its beauty enhanced with fountains, extensive gardens, and shrines. Thousands of devotees visit this temple, especially during two festivals Diwali and Janamashtmi every year.

12. Lotus Temple

lotus temple

Lotus Temple is the house of worship first opened by the end of the year 1986. It is most famous for its looks, especially its flower-shaped structure, and so it has become the most crucial attraction of Delhi. Talking about the architecture, this famous temple in Delhi has 27 lotus petals made from marble that makes nine sides.

It means each side of the temple has three petals. To date, this beautiful temple of Delhi has won many awards for its architecture and went gaining popularity through newspapers and magazines. It is the Bahai House of Worship where people following different religions can gather here and worship their religion.

13. Mangal Mahadeva Birla Kanan

Mangal Mahadev is the famous Hindu temple Delhi that resides in Shivaji Marg, New Delhi. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and the other Deities, which is built over 200 acres of land. People enjoy immense peace when they enter this beautiful place, and it goes from Delhi to Gurgaon National Highway 8.

While passing through National Highway 8, people can easily find an idol of Lord Shiva. This statue is around 100 ft high and has many other temples inside, including a home for Parvati Mata, Nandi Bull, Kartikeya, Radha Krishna, Sita Rama, and of course, Lord Ganesha. This temple is full of a spiritual atmosphere all around that gives peace of mind to the devotees visiting it.

14. Nili Chhatri Temple

According to the Hindu religion, the name Nili Chhatri is for the famous Lord Shiva. Nili Chhatri Temple is the most prominent temple of Delhi dedicated to Shiva. People believe that Pandava Prince Yudhishthira built this temple on Nigambodh Ghat that is right adjacent to the temple.

This temple resides in Yamuna Bazaar, an area that is close to Baharadur Shahi Gate that is even present today near to the banks of Yamuna River. Naubat Khana, who was the state official during the Akbar period, built Nili Chhatri Tomb in 1565. The name is so-called because of its tomb shade and stands in the mid of Purana Qila and tomb of Nizamuddin Auliya. This famous Temple in Delhi is built in several acres of land.

15. Sai Baba Temple

Sau Baba Temple is the oldest temple in Delhi that resides on Lodhi road and has modern style architecture. Along the roadside, many devotees from different parts of India visit to offer their Pranams to the great Lord. When you pass by Lodhi road, you can see the idol of Sai Baba from far away from building with the white marble.

Shri Sai Bhakt Samaj, formed in October 1968, look after this temple. There are many stairways to move inside the temple. From different parts of India, devotees visit this famous place every year, and on Thursday, they go with some unique program. People on every Thursday make a good gathering in the Temple.

16. Shani Dham

Shani Dham is the famous Temple in Delhi that has the world’s most giant statue of Shani Dev. This temple resides on Chhatarpur road, which is around 6 kilometers away from Chhatarpur Temple. The trust that handles and look after this temple is Shree Shanidham Trust. It is a non-governmental and non-profit trust and an organization that works under the guidance of Shree Sidh Shakti Peeth.

Today, this temple and idol of Lord Shani is made from the natural rock and is 10 kilometers away from Qutub Minar. Shree Vibhushit Jagat Guru unveiled the idol of Shani Dev, and thus today, it has become the highest visited attraction by its devotees.

17. Shri Digambar Jain Lal Mandir

Shri Digambar Jain Lal Mandir

Shri Digambar Lal Mandir is the best known Temple in Delhi that resides in the Chandni Chownk area. This temple is also famous for veterinary hospital renowned as Jain Birds Hospital. This hospital is the second building behind the temple. Shri Digambar Jain Lal Mandir is located exactly opposite to the Red Fort at the intersection of Chandni Chownk and Netaji Subhas Marg. It is the oldest temple in Delhi.

This place was built by Shah Jahan, where he called several Aggarwal Jain merchants to stay at the site built with walls all around. The main area where devotees visit first is the first floor. In this area, a good range of Jainism books are available and visit this area after removing every leather goods they have.

18. Shri Jagannath Mandir

Shri Jagannath Temple welcomes every caste and religion followers to its area to seek blessings of Shree Jagannath. It does not matter what your birthplace or religion is, whosoever, visit in the temple, Lord Jagannath blesses him for the best life ahead.

This New Delhi Temple is the modern architectural temple built by Odisha community in Delhi for the lord. Annual Rathyatra festival takes place in this area Hauz Khas where this temple resides, and thousands of devotees from all over India visit this temple every year on this special occasion.

19. Uttara Swami Malai Mandir

Also popular as Malai Mandir, this is the famous temple in Delhi situates on Palam Marg. This temple is dedicated to Lord Swaminatha and taken care of by Hindus of Tamil and other South Indian community. This temple is the holy place of Lord Swaminatha that resides on a small hillock in the Sector-7 in South West Delhi.

There is one specific sign outside the temple written in the Tamil language as “Yaamirukka Bayamain,” which means “Why fear when I am there?” this temple is entirely made up of granite material according to the Tamil Architecture.

20. Yogmaya Mandir

Yogmaya Temple is also known as Jogmaya Temple, dedicated to Hindu Lord Krishna’s sister. It situates near Qutub Complex in Mehrauli, New Delhi. It is the only surviving temples from those 27 destroyed by Mahmud Ghazni. Yogmaya is considered to be an illusionary power of God, and also, it has become a venue for Navratri Celebrations.

Adjacent to this temple is one water body which is also known as Anangtal Boali. Trees surround all around this water body. As per belief, Pandavs built this temple with the end of Mahabharata. This famous Hindu Temple Delhi lies on 260 yards ranging from the Iron Pillar to Lal Kot Walls. This temple got rebuilt in the year 1827.

Conclusion

This Delhi Temple List would have undoubtedly helped you to make your visit even more exciting and easy. You should visit these places and know about their significance because these places are the best centers to offer your prayers to God, and your visit to Delhi would even help you to learn the history and culture of the proud Capital.

Nizamuddin Dargah: Nizamuddin Auliya Dargah Delhi

Nizamuddin Dargah

Nizamuddin Dargah is a dargah for one famous Sufi Saint, Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya. It is situated in West Delhi, and thousands of pilgrims visit this place each week. The area is very famous for its music session during the evening time.

The descendants take care of this place and look after the whole management. A treasurer and Mir Bakshi of Akbar and Jahangir Empire, Nawab Syed Farid Murtaza Bukhari, built the pearl white dome situated above. Most of the Sufi saints visit this area from around the world.

Nizamuddin Auliya Dargah has some fair share of the Christians, Hindus, and also the people who are visiting from other regions. Today, this dargah is divided into two ways: Nizamuddin West (Dargah Complex) and Nizamuddin East (an upper Nizamuddin Station).

Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya Story/biography

nizamuddin auliya

Nizamuddin Dargah Delhi is a sacred place open for all Sufi Saints. It was formed after Nizamuddin Auliya, who was a Chisti Order and was born in 1238 in Badayun. His father, Syed Abdullah Bin Ahmad, died when he was just five years old. Later he went to Delhi along with his mother, Zulekha.

There Nizamuddin taught people to maintain a lovely and peaceful life teaching. After that, he planned to settle down in Ghiyaspur. But before his final settlement, Hazrat Nizamuddin had lived in Delhi at various places. The primary teaching in his work involved that people should love each other with love and peace. His primary mission was to carry out this message of God to the people. And thus, he became a true heir as a messenger.

People still believe that Hazrat Nizamuddin is still spreading peace and love around the world. He kept on serving everyone around him, and for his creed, caste, religion, and culture never matter. He has two leading followers, Amir Khusro and Nasiruddin Mahmud Chiragh Dehlavi.

He filled people with wisdom and spirituality with his teachings. Once people reach this dargah, they feel the satisfaction of the mind, soul, and heart. And later, he established an impressive and famous Hermitage named Nizamuddin Auliya Dargah.

Hazrat Nizamuddin died on 3 April 1325 during morning time. And today, Nizamuddin Auliya ki Dargah is situated in Delhi, and the structure was built-in 1562. He got buried under this Dargah.

Hazrat Nizamuddin Dargah Miracles

Hazrat Nizamuddin Dargah Miracles

Nizamuddin Auliya is very famous for his significant steps and teachings to the people. People believed him as their God. Nizmuddin Dargah is very famous because people feel refreshed visiting this place. There are many miracles for which he is very remarkable.

In the hopeless condition of Hazrat Maulana Wajihuddin, he went to live in Hazrat Nizamuddin Khanqah for bringing a change in his life. There Nizamuddin Auliya ate laddoos with him taking these sweet balls from some mureeds. These Methi sweet balls acted to cure tuberculosis of Maulana Wajihuddin.

Sultan Feroz Shah-bin-Salaar once met Nizamuddin Auliya once he came to pay homage to Aulia. There he got blessings from Nizamuddin that he will live a long life with a lot of wealth and power. These all three things made him live for 90 years with much wealth and power.

A special meeting was set up by Nizamuddin Aulia for his followers. He planned it for 50-60 people. But the problem arose when thousands of people joined him, and Nizamuddin never let his mureeds move without food. However, he asked his attendant to make chapati into four pieces and to arrange food for ten people for one time. This led him to serve food to thousands of followers.

House of a Jagirdar caught fire and turned into ash once. Jagirdar came to Delhi in search of his new Firman but went through difficulty to have it. Then while returning to home, he even lost his new Firman too. Then Jagirdar went to Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya for the help of tracing Firman.

Nizamuddin asked him to offer Niyaz for the sake of Hazrat Baba Fariduddin. He will solve his problems. Jagirdar agreed to do so and bought sweets for Niyaz. And he covered these sweets with the paper.

He took these sweets to Nizamuddin and unwrapped paper in front of him and found the lost Firman for which he was much upset. With this, he believed in his miracles and touched his feet for showing gratitude. Thus people believe him and visit to pay gratitude in Nizamuddin Dargah.

Nizamuddin Dargah Importance

nizamuddin auliya dargah

Nizamuddin Dargah Delhi is famous because of the world’s popular Sufi Saint, Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya. The critical feature that he exhibits was his teachings for peace and love. He always taught people to live with peace in mind and love each other no matter what.

He never discriminated against the caste and religion of the person. There were many Sufi Saints, but the people most-followed him. He lived on the belief that living a life full of love will take a person near to God. For him, the real meaning of love is to live with humanity. He followed Sufi ideas to be near to God and ask people to wash off their ego and clean their souls. And it was only possible with Sufi practices.

Nizamuddin Dargah History

nizamuddin dargah delhi

People from all over the world seek solace and peace of mind in this sacred Dargah. The Dargah is built in the memory of the most famous Sufi Saint, Nizamuddin Auliya. Nizamuddin Dargah history is unique and revolves around the life story of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya.

He traveled from Badayun to Ghiyaspur with his mother for the final settlement. However, after his father’s death at the age of 5, he first went to New Delhi with his mother, Zulekha. He is famous for his teachings to the people for a good and happy lifestyle.

According to him, if people have feelings of love in their hearts, then that means they are near to God. He kept on serving people without considering their caste, religion, and creed. For him, every person is equal. In the memory of this famous saint, the prevalent Nizamuddin Dargah was built by Tughlaq.

Nizamuddin Dargah Architecture

Nizamuddin Dargah Architecture

Considering the structure of the Dargah, it has halls that surround one squared chamber. The decoration is done with an arch opening. The dome presented in the top and the top of Nizamuddin Dargah Delhi is of white marbles along with black marbles stripes.

It has a lotus crest, which is the heart of Dargah. In 1605, one more tomb was built for the name of Amir Khusro. On the sandstone, there are carvings of Persian dates. To enter Amir’s tomb, one has to go through a big wooden door. This tomb was constructed in the 14th century.

There are many other large and small tombs present in the Dargah. The West Nizamuddin part of the Dargah is Jamaat Khana Masjid made up of red sandstone. It is the part of Dargah with all types of tombs large and small. The lotus bud covers the arches of the monument. The son of Alauddin Khilji constructs the mosque and also it has been the oldest complex structure.

However, with the change in time, the walls of the Dargah are covered with the paintings. The caretaker of the Dargah, Hasan Nizami accidentally put on a scratch on the wall, and there he found many dates written in Persian language and more information engraved on the sandstone.

Outer area of the Dargah has one Ataga Khan Tomb with an attractive structure built all around thickly lais with the coloured tiles and marble. Faridun Khan, a nobleman during the rule of Akbar built this Structure in the year 1562.

Nizamuddin Dargah Rules

There are several Nizamuddin Dargah Rules as setting up by the people. These are followed strictly by everyone visiting this sacred place.

Women cannot enter beyond Verandah but can watch through marble Jali. It is because women cannot touch him as he remained unmarried for the complete life.

The grave of Hazrat Nizamuddin is covered with Chaddar and flowers present inside the Dargah.

Thursday of every week is celebrated as a particular day.

For each person, he must enter the Dargah with his head covered. Thus it advisable to carry your dupatta, stole, or some cloth piece.

People come and go every time, but the counting to visit dargah will never end and will not decrease ever.

Nizamuddin Dargah Qawwali

Nizamuddin Dargah Qawwali

Qawwali nights in Dargah are very mesmerizing. These add on honesty and sincerity in the minds of people. A series of soothing Qawwalis are sung by the people sitting there, and thus they give a spellbinding performance. Thursday of every week is always very special, with a proper soothing celebration with Qawwali singing.

Some special Qawwali sung at Nizamuddin Dargah includes Bhar Do Jholi Meri, Kun Faya Kun, Chaap Tilak Sab Chheeni, Aaj Rang Hai, and many more.

These Nizamuddin Dargah Qawwalis are quite hypnotizing and mesmerizing. It’s better to close your eyes and listen to melodious qawwalis that are intensely self devoting. You will never forget this Dargah day ever in your life. However, make one thing very sure that keep your head covered while you enter the Dargah.

How to reach Nizamuddin Dargah

Nizamuddin Dargah market

  • By Road:

Regular buses visit this Dargah from significant Cities of India to Delhi. From there you can easily reach by Auto or a local bus. If you plan your visit through Metro, then Nizamuddin Dargah nearest metro station is Jangpura and Indraprastha.

  • By railways:

New Delhi is the heart of India, Railways pass-through this for sure once moving from one direction to another. From Delhi Railway Station, you can hire a taxi or an auto to reach out.

  • Nizamuddin Dargah Timings

The right time to visit is Thursday to enjoy the best Qawwali session. Nizamuddin Dargah Qawwali Timings are from 5 pm to 9.30 pm daily. However, Nizamuddin Dargah’s opening time is 5.00 am every day. You can also visit during the Urs Festival as the death anniversary of the significant Sufi Saint, Amir Khusro.

  • Nearest metro station:

Nizamuddin Dargah nearest metro station is Hazrat Nizamuddin Metro Station, also know Sarai Kale Khan located on the Pink Line of the Delhi Metro.

Conclusion

Along with visiting Nizamuddin ki Dargah, you can even visit the nearby areas, including National Zoological Park, Humanyun’s Tomb, Purana Qila, and many small visiting spots. Once you visit this area, you will surely feel full of love and peace around you. It is all the power of Nizamuddin Auliya to make your visit the most memorable.

Places to visit near Nizamuddin Dargah

References:

 

Teen Murti Bhavan: Nehru Memorial Museum and Library Delhi

nehru memorial museum and library

Nehru Memorial Museum and Library at Teen Murti Bhavan in Delhi, India, aims to maintain the history of the Indian independence movement. The museum represents the life and glimpse of Jawaharlal Nehru’s work, who was the great Indian leader.

The museum tells about the achievements of Jawaharlal Nehru and highlights the ideals empowered by him. Numerous exhibitions organized in the museum provide information about Jawaharlal Nehru and how he struggled for freedom in India.

Gifts gallery is one of the attraction spots in Nehru Memorial Museum which shows beautiful gifts received by Jawaharlal Nehru during his travels. Even after four decades of Jawaharlal Nehru’s death, the museum still continues to preserve its high popularity.

History

nehru memorial hall

Teen Murti Bhavan gets its name from three states, namely; Hyderabad, Jodhpur, and Mysore. Robert Tor Russel designed Teen Murti Bhavan. Initially, it was famous as Flagstaff House and used as the residence of Commander-in-chief by British forces. It took around one year to get completed the Nehru Memorial which resembles the British and French architecture.

In 1947, after Independence, Teen Murti Bhavan was taken as the residence of the 1st Prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. He stayed in Nehru Memorial hall for 16 years. When Nehru passed away, in 1964, Bhavan was turned into Nehru Memorial Museum and Library.

Library

nehru memorial library

Nehru Memorial Museum New Delhi contains a specialized library. It has a rich collection of photographs, journals, books, and other materials. The Library provides an excellent opportunity for people to do in-depth research on social sciences. The Library possesses a fascinating collection of Indian freedom movement photographs. The belongings of the Library also cover a wide range of aspects related to modern history.

In today’s time, the Library maintains a collection of more than 200 thousand photographs of the Jawaharlal Nehru plus Indian freedom movement. The collection of books in the Library regards Jawaharlal Nehru’s thoughts, collection of his speeches, politics, and academic works. 

Things to see in Nehru Memorial Museum and Library

Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, located in Teen Murti Bhavan, preserve the freedom and struggle of Indian Independence. A number of tourists visit the museum to explore the modern history and advanced research.

The bottom floor of Teen Murti House exhibits the independence movement and Pandit Nehru’s life. The upper floor of the house preserves some of the rooms which were at the time of Nehru’s death. Some of the significant things to see in Nehru Memorial Museum include:

Nehru Bedroom:

Nehru Bedroom

The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library serves as the residence of the most extensive collection of information on Jawaharlal Nehru. Some of the rooms like Jawaharlal Nehru’s bedroom have been preserved in the museum.

The bedroom in the Nehru Memorial museum reflects the achievements of a great man. The tourists can be delighted after looking at the private life of Pandit Nehru through photographs and pictures hanging on bedroom walls.

Nehru Drawing Room:

Nehru Drawing Room

Inside the Nehru Memorial hall, some of the rooms like the drawing-room, which was at the time of Jawaharlal Nehru’s death, are preserved. The drawing room gives a glimpse of the complex personality of Pandit Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru was the idealist and man of family affections. The tourists can see Nehru’s achievements and his cherished ideals through his photographs in the drawing-room.

Nehru Study room:

Nehru Study room

Through contemporary photographs, letters, documentary materials, and manuscripts found in the study room, the tourists can get a vivid account of Pandit Nehru’s life. In the Nehru Memorial Museum, various exhibitions get mounted, which provide information about Nehru’s struggle for Indian Independence. In the study room, you can look at the collection of Pandit Nehru’s books and various documents on the study table.

The dead in this room:

Nehru dead room

The Nehru Memorial Museum New Delhi is not only about Jawaharlal Nehru, but it looks at the struggle of Nehru for Indian Independence. Pandit Nehru lived in Teen Murti House for 16 years until his death. He was dead in his room in the museum. Many rooms that were present at Nehru’s time in the museum can also be seen in the current time. The museum portrays the work of Pandit Nehru and his achievements through various photographs.

Bedroom of Indira Gandhi:

Bedroom of Indra Gandhi

Many tourists have passed through the legend filled rooms of Nehru museum. In the bedroom of Indira Gandhi, you can see some pictures of the Nationalist Movement and Nehru-Gandhi family moments. In Nehru Memorial, the tourists can see the photographs reflecting the achievements of Pandit Nehru. Even the tourists can find some glimpse of childhood pic in Indira Gandhi’s bedroom.

The Emergence of Gandhi:

Emergence of Gandhi

Many exhibitions get organized in Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, providing a great outlook on Jawaharlal Nehru’s life and his struggle for freedom in India. Some of the events portrayed in exhibitions include the Non-Cooperation Movement, Emergence of Gandhi, Quit India Movement, Revolt of 1857, and many more. Thousands of tourists from different parts of India and international visitors visit the museum.

How to reach Nehru Memorial Museum, New Delhi

  • By Bus

The bus lines that drive near to the Nehru Museum and Library are 604, 680, and 720.

  • By Metro

The nearest station to Nehru Memorial Museum and Library is Lok Kalyan Marg Metro Station in Yellow Line. The station drives you to with 970 meters walk to the Museum.

  • Timing

The Nehru Museum opening timings are from 9.00 am to 5.30 pm with Monday closed. The guides will take the large groups around the Museum for free.

  • Entry fee

You can see this Nehru memorial without any cost. Group entry to the great museum is for free and guides will take you around explaining every part.

Conclusion

Over 10,000 people visit the three special galleries of Nehru Museum every day. Their search is all about to know about the experience and struggles for freedom as per freedom fighters to make India Independent. Millions of people admire this place visiting its hall, rooms, lawns, and corridors.

A series of the exhibition is conducted in the Museum every year, portraying the big events for showing the struggle for freedom with the help of newspapers, pictures, photocopies, letters, and many other documentary materials. It is a proud moment when the Museum maintains its popularity throughout the decades, even after the death of great legend Jawaharlal Nehru.

Places to Visit Near Nehru Museum

Craft Museum Delhi: National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum

craft museum

Art and Craft is the primary backbone to depict Indian history. Delhi, as the heart of the nation, is famous for the most massive Craft’s Museum in India. The name of this renowned Museum is the National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum owned and run by the Indian government and the Ministry of Textiles.

This renowned Museum for craftworks is located precisely opposite to Purana Qila complex in one corner of Pragati Maidan in Delhi. Presently this famous Museum has more than 35,000 crafts work obtained with hard work of the various craftsmen in India.

The things that you will find in this Museum are very rare these days. The present generation would not find it anywhere else in the world. These art galleries depict things related to Tribals, rural areas, textiles, culture, etc.

Crafts Museum History

Crafts Museum History

The famous National Crafts Museum first set up in the 1950s. It took over 30 years to fill the museum with the efforts of Kamala Devi Chattopadhyay. At that time, this area now under crafts Museum was meant for the craftsmen approaching from various parts of India to come here to work.

The primary motive for the workers to work was to preserve the traditional art and crafts. And then, by the end of the 1980s, the area fully developed into the National Crafts Museum Delhi with all the different collections required from various parts.

At the end of the 1980s, the Museum developed entirely into the present shape as you find it now. Today people from different countries visit this craft museum in New Delhi. It has well presented vernacular architecture with the entire carved walls and gates. There are several different galleries in this crafts museum to display various crafts work by the craftsmen.

National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum Collection

In this section, you will discover the various parts of the Crafts Museum in Pragati Maidan. This collection of creativity will surely leave you, stunned.

Galleries

National Crafts Museum Delhi

There are various Galleries in the National Crafts Museum Delhi. The display of multiple items in the gallery is carving on wood or stones. All these carvings display on the door, windows, buildings, lintels, and many Tribal paintings engraved on the walls.

Once going through the crafts gallery, you will visit Indian past, folk, traditional, and tribals communities in India. Some of the very famous galleries include:

  • Bhuta Sculpture Gallery

This gallery in the National Crafts Museum brings uniqueness in the looks with beautiful sculptures of Bhuta describing the coast of Karnataka. Bhut Sculpture is one of the largest collections in the world.

  • Folk and Tribal Craft Gallery

This gallery describes different folk and tribal paintings, including the Craft of daily needed objects as used by the tribal tradition in India.

  • Cultic Craft Gallery

Cultic is the secular craft gallery in the National Handicrafts and Handloom Museum. This gallery emphasizes a close relationship with the different religions followed in India. It features paintings, sculptures, and textiles for different faiths.

  • Court Craft Gallery

Court Craft Gallery depicts the craftsmanship of the previous days and the materials used in it. It has creatively shown traditional homes and the palaces of India.

  • Textiles Gallery

Textile Gallery shows traditional collections in the Indian textile. It has covered a good range of handmade products and the handmade techniques that followed in Indian history.

Village Complex

national crafts museum delhi

Village Complex part of the National and Handlooms Handcrafts Museum is designed by Sculptor Sankho Chaudhuri and Architect Ram Sharma. The first time, this village complex was well presented in the Asia Trade Fair 1972 but later added as a part of the National Crafts Museum.

This village complex has a display of 15 structures that include shrines, courtyards, village dwellings, etc. These all sculptors display different parts of India, built with a great skilled mind and materials of various areas.

Wall Murals

national handicrafts wall painting

Wall Murals depict different wall paintings engraved on the walls of the Museum. These walls have broad areas for displaying different traditional cultures and religions followed in India.

The various Wall Murals include Bhil Painting that figures Spirit Rider, Gangaur Painting for representing the main festival of Rajasthan, Gond Painting to display Gond Tribes and their characteristics, and Mithila paintings regarding abstract rituals followed in Bihar.

Also, the walls are designed with Patachitra Painting of Bengal that is highly rich in Patas, Pithora Paintings of Gujarat done by Lakharas, and Rathva Painting of Gujarat and MP.

Highlights

craft museum delhi

The main highlights of the Crafts Museum Delhi are regarding Jewels, Metal forms, a textile tradition in India, Basketry and Matting, Wood-Stone, and Ivory Carving, representing dolls, puppets, toys, and masks.

These main highlights are trendy all over India. People feel excited about the upcoming National Handicrafts and Handloom Museum Events and start preparing to visit it.

Exhibitions & Events

Crafts Museum Event

People from different parts of India visit this National Crafts Museum Delhi for the exhibition and events that generally take place. The exhibition conducted is very famous in all over the world. The main exhibition is for textiles and people usually come and purchases it.

Every year some new programs and events take place in the Crafts Museum, and the most recent one that took place was Special Program for Hearing and Speech Impaired. It started on 13 February. These events last for days so that people can visit and experience various parts of India in one region.

Lota Shop

National Crafts Museum

The inspiration for having Lota Shop in this famous National Crafts Museum is based on the Lota, which emphasizes India Report by Charles and Ray Eames. Lota is a pure Indian Vessel used every day, and this shop is the most beautiful part of the Museum. It shows the basic design of sensitivity and clarity of the culture.

Lota signifies for the different objects, including its shape and size, and it may even share the necessary forms. Diverse aspects of Lota are examined and displayed most attractively in the Lota Shop.

Café Lota

The Café Lota consists of the North Indian Food represented at the old institution, which is not even possible to recall now. However, the version of representation is very contemporary for Indian dishes that pair up with grains variety like millet and red rice.

The visitors have always praised for this new contemporary version of the regional Indian dishes, fish chips, sweet potato fried, and many more.

Workshops

Coming to the workshops, there are primary three in the Crafts Museum as follows:

  • Kids
  • Professional
  • Master Craftsperson Program

At this workshop, a particular expert visits the Museum so that to interact with craftsperson’s of the Museum so that they can discuss innovations and ideas. These experts also interact with the children who are specially visiting this Museum as a trip. This interaction brings changes keeping in mind for each age group people.

How to reach the National Crafts Museum in Delhi

Crafts Museum in Delhi

To enter this crafts museum, one should either choose bus route, metro route, or train route.

  • By Bus

The DTC bus routes that pass near Crafts Museum are 410, 418EXT, 419, 624BLNKSTL and ML-77. You can easily reach by local DTC buses passing through these stops.

  • By Metro

The nearest Metro station to the national crafts museum Delhi is Supreme Court metro station (Pragati Maidan) located on the Blue Line of the Delhi Metro. 

  • Timings

Crafts Museum Delhi timings are 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. (Monday closed) for Galleries, 9:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. (Saturday & Sunday closed) for Admin & Library, 10:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. (Daily) for Crafts Demonstration, 9:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. (Daily) for Lota Shop and 11:30 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. (Daily) for Café Lota.

  • Entry Fees

Entry Fee of National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum is Rs.20 for the Indian residents and Rs.200 for Foreign People.

Conclusion

The National Handicrafts and Handloom Museum is the best place to visit in Delhi for every age group to interact with the people, especially for the children. Thus students can have a direct conversation with the experts to see the craft artifacts that are very rare these days. Visit this beautiful museum in Delhi at least once to connect back to traditional days.

Places to Visit near Crafts Museum Delhi:

References:

Shankar’s International Dolls Museum Delhi: Timings, Ticket and Metro

Shankar’s Doll Museum, also known as International Dolls Museum locates in Delhi India. A famous K.Shankar Pillai cartoonist has set up this museum which consists of a winding staircase that further leads to the foyer. This doll museum covers the area of the floor that is about 5,184.5 feet square. It has a full portion of the first floor. It locates in the Children’s Book Trust building that is on Bahadur Shah Zafar Road in Delhi.

The entire museum has two parts divided equally. These two parts have more than 160 glass cases that are around 1000 feet in length and even mounted on the walls. In the first section, there are dolls from the European Countries, UK, USA, New Zealand, Australia, Common Wealth Independent States, India, Africa, and the Middle East.

Along with the impressive representation of the dolls, there are some particular representations too. This space has more than 150 kinds of dolls that wear an authenticated Indian costume prepared at the workshop for the Shankar’s International Dolls Museum.

Shankar’s Doll Museum History

Doll Museum History

A famous Cartoonist, Keshav Shankar Pillai once found a doll in the traditional attire of Hungarian costume from Hungarian diplomat. Thus from that time, he started collecting several from the around the areas of countries he visited. And then he planned to add his all collection as a mini-museum.

With this, Shankar received more than 500 dolls in a few years when he traveled along with Prime of India as a journalist. With this, he started conducting exhibitions on dolls in Delhi, India. But these exhibitions brought doll damage to him. Shankar began thinking about this problem for the damaged dolls and planned for something that can save his dolls.

Once Smt. Indira Gandhi visited Shankar in his exhibition in Delhi along with Jawaharlal Nehru. She asked him to open up the International Dolls Museum. From her, Shankar got an idea for the development of a museum for his dolls to showcase. Thus Dr. S. Radhakrishnan finally inaugurated The Dolls Museum in 1965. Therefore when Children’s Book Trust put a section apart to take this as a museum for Shankar’s dolls.

The first collections made by Shankar includes the gifts he received from Jawaharlal Nehru. Also, many diplomatic missions and other embassies gifted him different dolls for his museum. After the museum had set up, Shankar added five thousand more dolls to it. Many of them were gifts, and then the counter incremented to 6,500 dolls from 85 different countries. It has given it an international character.

Today Shankar Doll Museum Delhi is an itinerary for the visitors. Some prevalent personalities who visited this museum and shown their appreciation are:

U. Thant, Madame Tito of Yugoslavia, The Queen of Thailand, Queen Frederika, sister of Shah of Iran, PM of Poland and South Korea, and many more.

List of Top Doll Collection

Doll Collection

Presently, Shankar’s International Dolls Museum New Delhi has a collection of around 7,000 dolls that are either gifted by the personalities and some others collected by Shankar himself from 85 different countries. The museum is today famous for its collection worldwide. This is all work of art. All the dolls are well settled and astonishing and also they have expressions.

There are two dolls section in Shankar’s International Dolls Museum Delhi. There are different categories of dolls, including wax dolls, clay dolls, wooden dolls, ceramic dolls, soft dolls, plastic dolls, and string dolls. Here is a description of the dolls collected from different regions of the world.

  • USA

USA Dolls

The dolls collected from the USA are presented in the first part of the museum. Each doll from the USA displayed in the museum is handcrafted with astonishing physical attributes that show the US cultural wear. Museum has a representation of the cultural delegations from the US.

  • Cuba

Cuba dolls

Cuba has made a big collection of dolls to Shankar Doll Museum. There are different types of dolls collected from Cuba or received a gift from famous personalities. These dolls are made from wax, ceramic material, soft material, clay, wood, and plastic dolls. Cuba has made many contributions to the museum.

  • Mexico

Mexico Dolls

Mexico also delivered amazing and beautiful dolls to The International Dolls Museum. The ceramic dolls from Mexico have given the best addition to the museum presentation. The wife of Mexican President her delivered dolls to Shankar on her visit. The Mexican collection of dolls to the museum is unique.

  • Peru

Peru Dolls

Peru’s contribution to the Doll display in Shankar’s International Dolls museum is in the first section. This itinerary list of dolls from Peru is quite useful in a number. Peru has assisted in increasing the record for the museum dolls from thousand dolls to 7000 and too with the best and fantastic doll views.

  • Japan

Japanese Dolls are in the second section of the International Doll museum representation. Japanese are known for their art, and also you can conclude it with the Japanese dolls presented in the museum. Shankar has made up a good collection adding Japan Dolls into his museum addition.

  • South Korea

South Korea Dolls

The dolls from South Korea fall in the first section of the Doll Museum Delhi. Shankar did not go there, but people from South Korea made their visit to the place and gifted dolls for the museum. It is quite fascinating to note that Prime Minister of South Korea himself visited the museum to improve Shankar’s collection to it.

  • Indonesia

Indonesia

Indonesia also forms a list of some very popular dignitaries who visited the museum. They have recorded the beauty of the museum with their nation’s dolls. Big thanks to the wife of the President of Indonesia to attend the International Doll Museum in Delhi and had a trip to Indian Museum beauty. She even contributed to the beauty of the dolls she brought for the museum.

  • Thailand

Thailand dolls

The Queen of Thailand has visited Shankar’s dolls museum in Delhi to bring dolls as a gift for him. Shankar has beautifully presented all of them. These dolls from Thailand are present in the second section of the doll museum.

  • China

China dolls

Various people from China visited Indian Doll Museum in Delhi to watch what so special it is all about. Also, they contributed to enhancing its beauty by adding dolls to the museum. The dolls from China fall presented in the second section of the Doll Museum.

  • Russia

Russia dolls

Again it is a collection for the second section of the doll museum. Shankar took dolls from Russia that are in several constructed quality including wooden, soft, ceramic, clay, and the string dolls. It was his eyes to see the beauty of the dolls and collect them in one area in his museum.

How to Reach Shankar Doll Museum

Shankar's Doll Museum

The museum situates near Ram Charan Aggarwal Chowk. Delhi Metro is another way to reach the Doll Museum very conveniently. Also, you go very quickly to the museum hiring a cab or a rickshaw. Many people prefer to take the Local bus for this purpose. However, some others plan in their car, but there is a big issue for parking in that area.

  • By Bus

People usually prefer traveling through local buses in Delhi. Thus they prefer visiting through the buses. The nearest bus stop is ITO Bus Stop.

  • By Metro

Metro Travelling is the best and convenient way to The Doll Museum in Delhi. Shankar’s International Dolls Museum nearest Metro Station is ITO Station on Violet Line.

  • Timing

The right Doll Museum Delhi Timings to visit are 10 am to 6 pm. The entries will close at 5.30 pm.

  • Entry Fee

Doll Museum Delhi Timing and Ticket are all fixed. It costs INR 10 for students less than the age of 12 years and INR 25 for the adults. Children who visit the group of a total of 20 people or more will get charge of INR 5 as a discounted price.

Conclusion

While visiting The Doll Museum in Delhi, make sure you have at least two hours to explore the entire museum with pressure and look into the doll’s beauty. Clicking pictures of dolls is not allowed inside the museum. You can take any food items inside the museum. There is nothing to eat once you enter the Doll Museum Delhi.

However, there is a facility for drinking water and washrooms inside the museum. You may also visit other places near to the Doll Museum in Delhi.

Places to Visit near Doll Museum:

References:

National Museum Delhi: Timings, Ticket Price and Nearest Metro Station

National Museum

The National Museum in Delhi is one of the largest museums in India. The Museum lo on the corner of the Maulana Azad and Janpath Road. National Museum Delhi houses the Institute of Conservation, History of Arts, and Museology.

The Museum is an unparalleled blend of the wondrous present as well as the glorious past. It covers all the departments, including Western Art collections, Jewellery, Archeology, Manuscripts, Epigraphy, Decorative Arts, and Central Asian Antiquities.

The National Museum New Delhi has in its possession over 200, 000 works of both Indian as well as foreign art origin. There has been a different and unique beginning of this Museum.

History of National Museum

History of National Museum

The manufacture blueprint for National Museum was done by Maurice Gwyer Committee in 1946. There was a set up of an exhibition for the corporation of Britain and India by the Royal Academy which showed galleries of Burlington House in London during 1947-1948.

Then the same exhibition took place in Delhi in President House in 1949. This exhibition in India had success. With this event, the origin of the National Museum of India took place.

When this exhibition turned to be successful, then the Indian Government decided to build National Museum New Delhi with various feature displays. All the State Governments, private donors, and the authorities of this Museum participated in it.

And they all responded very calmly to these all. And thus right after two years of India Independence, on 15 August 1949, there was an opening for National Museum New Delhi.

Things to See in the National Museum Delhi

National Museum of India

In this National Museum of India, you may find different and unique arts-related to different periods India has and its ruler. From the past years, India is under the rule of Rajas and Maharajas, and thus they have a unique History with it.

This National Museum states the time and things related to each rule over India, especially Delhi and many nearby areas. It is built in a special octagonal shape which the sections and phrases. The very first phase inaugurated in 1960. It even includes an Archaeological Survey of India building which is today in Dharodhar Bhawan.

The National Museum Delhi has three main floors along with the galleries. The first floor in the museum has the status of the university which is now present as a new campus in Noida. Also, there is The National Museum Institute on the first floor that has university status and will shift to Noida in the coming future. Here are various sections presented in The National Museum Delhi.

In the National Museum, you can enjoy many departments, including

  • Archaeology
  • Pre-history Archaeology
  • Manuscripts
  • Paintings
  • Decorative arts
  • Jewelry
  • Anubhav
  • Public Relations
  • Conservation
  • Publication
  • Display
  • Education
  • Anthropology
  • Pre-Columbian Art
  • Decorative Arts
  • Arms & Armour
  • Numismatics & Epigraphy

Harappan Gallery

Harappan Gallery

This area relates to the artifacts of Indus Valley Civilization that have antique pieces of Harappan Civilization. There are more than 3500 objects presented in the Museum associated with this civilization. The trendy purpose that refers to Indus Civilization is The Dancing Girl. It is made up of Bronze metal and has a close relation to the Harappan period.

In this section, there is a display for many seals which includes elephants, bulls, tigers, unicorns, unknown symbols, and crocodiles. One seal also depicts Pasupati with a vibrancy for human civilization.

Maurya, Shunga and Satvahana Arts Gallery

Maurya, Shunga and Satvahana Arts Gallery

The National Museum Gallery consists of the most ancient things, including that from the 4th century BCE to 1st century BCE. This period has objects from Shungas, Mauryas, and Satvahanas. These all have a mirror finish on it showing those all things that have a close relation to Buddha’s Life.

However, in this section, there is no sculpture depiction for depicting Buddha in his physical form. There are special symbols related to Buddha including Dharmachakra, empty Throne, Bodhi tree, footprints, and much more.

Kushana Gallery

The Kushan Gallery in the National Museum shows the things related to the Kushan Period. At that time, the primary schools for art were Mathura School of Art and Gandhara School of Art. These include Standing Buddha made from Grey Schist Stone and have relation to the 2nd century.

This shows the physical forms of Buddha. Also, it depicted Jainism, Buddhism, and Brahmanism along with the Buddhist themes. Many other forms even included the Kuber who is the Hindu god, the Chattramukhi Shivilinga, Jain Votive plaques, and also the Bodhisattva.

Gupta Gallery

Gupta Gallery

Gupta Gallery constitutes various artifacts of the Gupta Dynasty. Gupta Dynasty has a significant period in Indian History for its art and culture. Under the rule of Gupta’s, Indian sculptures acquired a standard form of skill in the present and the upcoming centuries.

It has lead to many developments in the case of iconography. During this period, Kushan Sculptures has even shown the perfection to the period with the transparent features. Also, the sculptures in the Gupta Gallery have even shown many scenes for Mahabharata and Ramayana.

Miniature Paintings Gallery

Miniature Paintings Gallery

The most prominent and prestigious collection in the National Museum is Miniature paintings, on the paper, cloth, wood, and ivory. There are more than 17,000 areas in the miniature painting showing arts of nine hundred years back in The National Museum Delhi. It has significant pictures related to the styles of Mewar, Malwa, Bundelkhand, Mughal, and much more.

  • Mughal Miniature Paintings
    These miniature paintings highlight the Mughal rule in India. At that time, emperor Shahjahan and Jahangir were the main leads for the art topic. The painters in their forts go with the theme that relates portraitures to the lands, processions, and darbar scenes. It also consists of Islamic idiom styles and local traditions.
  • Central Miniature Paintings
    For central India, paintings mainly consist of Bundelkhand and Malwa.
  • Rajasthan Miniature paintings
    These paintings consist of Bundi, Mewar, Kishangarh, Kota, Jodhpur, Jaipur, and Bikaner. It also consists of themes related to Hindu mythology, compact composition, hunting paintings, and much more.
  • Pahari Miniature Paintings
    Pahari Paintings including the description of Kangra, Guler, Chamba, and Basohli. Kangra has been the center of attraction out of all these stations.

Buddhist Artefacts Gallery

Buddhist Artefacts Gallery

This section in the National Museum consists of the first Sacred Relics of Buddha. This section got inspiration from Sidharth Nagar in the UP that has several ornaments, fragments of bones, and the precious stones.

In the collection for Buddhist Artefacts, there are:

  • Standing Buddha with dark grey schist stone
  • The stupa, Pale Green Limestone, and Nagarjunkonda adoration
  • Scenes related to the lifestyle of Buddha
  • Elephants carrying away Buddha
  • Sacred Relics from Piprahwa, Kapilavastu

Evolution of Indian Scripts & Coins Gallery

Indian Scripts & Coins Gallery

In this section, you will find many amazing stories regarding the changes in Scripts and Coins observed in India over time. It consists of Bronze Gallery. Manuscripts Gallery, Coins Gallery, and Central Asian Gallery.

Bronze Gallery

Bronze Gallery

It shows the work of bronze in Indian History for art and sculpture. It has presented in the best and unique way. Also, the objects have the perfect and eye-catching layout on it.

Manuscripts Gallery

In the National Museum of Delhi, there are more than 14,000 manuscripts and other texts. These manuscripts are written in various languages with the scripts related to unique topics. These manuscripts are printed on paper, birch, cloth, leaf, and metals.

Coins Gallery

Coins Gallery

The National Museum Delhi consists of more than 1,30,000 coins collection of India that are reserved and rarely found these days with changing time. These coins are from the sixth century BC and to date. 6th century was the time when coins appeared for the first time. These are quite exciting to watch the currency of Indian history.

Tanjore and Mysore Paintings Gallery

Tanjore and Mysore Paintings Gallery

In this section of the gallery in the National Museum, there is a description of the two primary schools in South – Tanjore, and Mysore. They have shown the paintings of Hindu Gods, including Rama, Krishna, Shaivism, and Vishnu.

Also, there is a description of many forms of Parvati, Shiva, Ganesha, and Kartikeya. It displays the past time of Tamil Nadu with the precious and semi-precious stones along with silver foil, mirrors, precious beads, stones, and powdered metals.

Tribal Lifestyle of North East India Gallery

Tribal Lifestyle of North East India Gallery

This section of the gallery consists of the stories of total eight states of North–East India. There is a clear description of Culture, Handcrafts, Arts, and the tradition followed in the North-East states. It consists of traditional artwork related to apparels, dresses, ornaments, headgears, basketry, paintings, carvings on wood, and many articles on personal adornments.

Arms and Armour Gallery

Arms and Armour Gallery

Arms Gallery has the Stone Age description to the Modern Age. It consists of many projectiles, weapons, ritual weapons, sacrificial, and smashing weapons. Also, it has armor for men, ornaments, war accessories, and firearms. It also consists of a collection of Mughal times along with Sikh, Rajput, and Maratha arms in the best way as presented.

Audio Tour in National Museum

When you visit The National Museum Delhi, you can even have an audio guide to approaching what you have been watching currently. The Audio Tour Guide to this Museum is of 75 minutes which has covered various languages to guide people from different areas. It is available in Japanese, French, English, Hindi, and German.

How to Reach National Museum, Delhi

National Museum, Delhi

If you want to visit The National Museum New Delhi, then the Museum is also ready with prior arrangements for you. You can book arrangements by sending an email before 48 hours of visit. The best way to visit is through the nearest metro station to The National Museum.

How to Reach By Bus
Bus Stops to reach the National Museum in Delhi are 505, 522, 521, 532, 615, and 580. You can easily take your route through these stops.

How to Reach By Metro
The nearest metro station to The National Museum Delhi is Central Secretariat and Udyog Bhawan. You can take a route to Museum starting from this station. One other The National Museum Delhi nearest metro station is Udyog Bhawan.

Timing
The National Museum Delhi Timings for every day is from 10 am to 6 pm. Also, the Museum remains off for Monday every week. This day is a Gazetted holiday, and you can contact the Museum to have more details.

Ticket info
The National Museum ticket price is different for Indians and Foreigners. The ticket cost for Indian adults is INR 20, and that for foreigners is INR 650, which includes an audio guide for them. However, students who are still studying under 12th can enter for free of cost with their ID cards.

Conclusion

There are a few points that you need to know before entering the National Museum. You cannot click videos and photographs in the Museum and the things. However, if you want to take pictures, then you can use a handheld camera with permission. There is no extra fee for a camera in this. There is a total of three floors to explore in the Museum.

Places to Visit near National Museum

References:

Museums in Delhi: Best 30 Museums To Visit in New Delhi

Museums To Visit in Delhi

Delhi, being the capital city of the country, is very well known for its destinations, temples, tombs and off course museums. There are many museums here and if you are planning a Delhi visit then you need to include most of them to make your tour a memorable one.

All these wonderful museums talk about heritage and history and they are very well maintained and nurtured too. Here have mentioned the top 30 museums in Delhi. You can go through the same before you make your tour plan to the capital city.

1. Abdul Kalam Memorial

Abdul Kalam Memorial

This museum is a Burial site of former President of India Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, and this is signed by a life-sized statue. This is a beautiful place and the entrance of the memorial portrays the India Gate and has a Chettinad door that is combined in its structure. The main dome of the building is very similar to the Rashtrapati Bhavan. This is one of the best museums in the Delhi museum list.

  • Address: Dilli Haat, Kidwai Nagar West, Kidwai Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110023
  • Timings: 10 am–10 pm all 7 days
  • Nearest metro station: INA Metro Station
  • Entry fee: No entry fees applicable

2. Air Force Museum

air force museum

This is a beautiful museum that is devoted to the Air force. This is placed close to the Palam Air Force Station in Delhi, and this houses a big series of the armory and aeroplane and also the uniforms and historical photographs. You will get to know the most interesting information about the nation’s Air Force and its history.

  • Address: Palam, Delhi Cantonment. New Delhi-110 010
  • Timings: This museum is closed on Monday and Tuesdays and open from 10.a.m to 5.p.m. on the rest days of the week.
  • Nearest metro station: Sadar Bazar
  • Entry fee: No entry fees applicable

3. Children’s Museum

Children's Museum

This is a nice pale to visit with your kids and there is a huge variety of dolls and toys. Children are going to have a wonderful time here and children are going to learn many things about the culture and heritage of the country. They will also come to know about the tradition of the nation.

There will be many galleries on the campus and those are dedicated to art, history, and culture. There will be currencies from various countries, and you can see different jewelry items here. Also, there is a separate area for kids where kids can play for some time and you can have some very good time with the kids here.

  • Address: B837, Siri Fort Institutional Area, Siri Fort, New Delhi, Delhi 110049
  • Nearby metro station– Hauz Khas 
  • Timings: 9 am to 5:30 pm, Monday is closed.
  • Entry Fee: INR 20 per person

4. Doctor Zakir Hussain Museum

This is dedicated to Dr. Zakir Hussain, and this was established in the year 1972. Here you will see many things used by him and also a few of his personal belongings. Also, you can have a look at the geological specimens present in the museum. Also, there are many photographs that you can see, and these are a representation of the feat of Dr. Zakir Hussain as the president of India.

  • Address: Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar Marg, Jamia Millia Islamia, Azim Dairy, Okhla, New Delhi, Delhi 110025
  • Nearby metro station: Jamia Millia Islamia metro station
  • Timings: 8-5
  • Entry fee – Free entry

5. Election museum

This is one of the best museums in the city and this is dedicated to the awareness of people about election participation. This is the best place where you can come with your family or friends. There is a library that houses many books and you can spend a good time here.

  • Address: Old St. Stephen’s College Building, Kashmere Gate, Delhi.
  • Nearest metro station: ISBT
  • Timings: 11 am to 4 pm
  • Entry Fee: No Admission Fee.

6. Gandhi Smriti (Birla House)

Gandhi Smriti

This is one of the best Delhi museums that is devoted to the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi. This is a place that is historically important as Gandhiji spend the last few months of his life here. This housing was also known as Birla Bhavan. You can also see any articles, sculptress related to the life of Gandhi here.

  • Address: In front of National Defence College, 5, Tees January Marg Near Birla House, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearest Metro station: Lok Kalyan Marg
  • Timings:10 am to 5:30 pm
  • Entry Fee: No Admission Fee.

7. Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum

Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum

This was a place that was established to give homage to the prime minister of India, Smt Indira Gandhi. This palace was once the residence of Indira Gandhi and this is the same place where she died. The exhibits in this place have some sections that have huge and varied collections of photographs, books, and other personal belongings of Indira Gandhi. Here you can see many books, photographs and get to learn many new things about ancient history if India.

  • Address: 1, Safdarjung Rd, Near, Delhi Gymkhana Club, New Delhi, Delhi 110011
  • Nearest metro stations: Lok Kalyan Marg
  • Timings: 9:30 am to 5:00 pm
  • Entry Fee: No Admission Fee.

8. Jaipur House

Jaipur House

Also known as the national gallery of modern art, this is a nice museum that has many exhibits that present the art and culture of the country. You will be able to see many sculptures, paintings, and drawings and that can be a great time to spend in this place. Also, you can see a huge collection of photographs here.

  • Address: Princes Park, Tilak Marg, Delhi High Court, India Gate, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearest metro station– Pragati maidan, mandi, central secretariat
  • Timings– 11.am to 6.p.m.
  • Entry fee– No fees

9. Kiran Nadar Museum of Art

Kiran Nadar Museum of Art

This is a museum that is a nice blend of modern and old art. This is located in two places one in Noida and one in New Delhi. This was established in the year 2010 and this is the very first private museum in India that is devoted to the old and new art.

There is a huge collection of art that you will love to see. This has more than 4500 artworks and you can have a good time here. This collection has historically important works that come from many of the sources that cover many artists and celebrities as well.

  • Address: No. 145, DLF South Court Mall Saket, Saket District Centre, Saket, New Delhi, Delhi 110017
  • Nearest metro station– Hauz Khas
  • Timings– 10.30 to 6.30
  • Fees– No entry fee

10. Metro Museum

Metro Museum

Delhi metro is one of the most important factors of Delhi transportation and this place is devoted to metro rail transportation here. Though this is small in size, you will get to learn all the details of the metro transportation system of Delhi. There is a gallery that has a collection of historical photographs, display panels, miniature models, and you will also understand the work culture of Delhi metro here.

  • Address: 20, Ashoka Rd, Janpath, Sansad Marg Area, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Timings: 10 am to 4 pm, closed on Mondays.
  • Nearest metro station: Patel Chowk
  • Entry Fee: INR 8 per person.

11. Mirza Ghalib Museum

Mirza Ghalib Museum

This is the place for reading and book lovers and here you can see many books. This place is dedicated to the greatest Urdu and Persian poet ever, Mirza Ghalib, and this is the best place for those who love poetry and literature. This place was established in the year 1969 and this is the best place for poetry and literature lovers. Ghalib Academy has a good collection of books and also an art gallery in itself.

  • Address: Plot No-168, 1, Nizamuddin, Nizammudin West Slum, Nizamuddin West, New Delhi, Delhi 110013.
  • Nearest metro station: Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, central secretariat
  • Timings: 10 am to 6 pm
  • Entry Fee: No Admission Fee.

12. National Charkha Museum

National Charkha Museum

This is a museum that was started in the year 2017 and this is located in Connaught Place, New Delhi. This is built near the garden of Palika bazar and this is constructed in a joint venture with the New Delhi Municipal Council and the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission.

  • Address: Palika Bazar, Connaught Place, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearby metro station– Rajiv chowk
  • Entry fees– No entry fees.

13. National Gallery of Modern Art

National Gallery of Modern Art

If you love modern art, then this is the place for you. There is a nice art gallery where you can see wonderful architecture pieces. Also, in this place, many exhibitions are being held and you can attend them if you want to enjoy the art displays.

  • Address: Sir Cowasji Jahangir Public Hall, Mahatma Gandhi Road, Fort, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400032
  • Nearby metro station: central secretariat
  • Timings: 11 am to 6:30 pm
  • Entry Fee: INR 10 per person.

14. National Gandhi Museum

National Gandhi Museum

Also known as the Gandhi Museum, this museum is devoted to the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi. This was established in the year 1961 and this is a nice source of motivation for many people. You can see everything pertaining to the life of Mahatma Gandhi like clothing, letters, photographs, etc. Gandhi Literature Centre is an important sector of his place and also there are many art pieces that one can see.

  • Address: Opp Raj Ghat, Jawaharlal Nehru Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110002
  • Timings: 9:30 am to 5:30 pm
  • Nearby Metro station: Central secretariat, Jorbagh, ITO
  • Entry Fee: No fee

15. National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum

National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum

Handicrafts are one of the most important factors of the culture and heritage of Indian and this museum is one of the biggest craft museums in India. Also known as the National Crafts Museum, this museum is the best place to know more about handicrafts and handlooms in India. There are many galleries and all of them have beautiful and unique articles. They are dedicated to rural craft, textiles, etc. You can also get to see many paintings and sculptures.

  • Address: Pragati Maidan Bhairon Marg, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Timings: 10 am to 5 pm
  • Nearby Metro station– Pragati maidan, Indraprastha, ITO
  • Entry Fee: INR 20 per person.

16. National History Museum

National History Museum

This is a scientific institute that has a great history collection that covers the historic as well as the current of plants, animals, ecosystems, etc. You can all things related to history.

  • Address– Janpath Rd, Rajpath Area, Central Secretariat, New Delhi, Delhi 110011
  • Nearest metro station– central secretariat
  • Timing: 10 am to 8 pm and Monday is closed.
  • Fee: India is Rs. 20 and Foreigners Ticket costs are Rs. 650/- (including Audio Guide)

17. National Museum of Natural History

natural history museum delhi

This was a museum that has its main focus on nature and nature-related things. This was established in the year 1972 and this was actually started in the year 1978. This operates under the control of the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the government of India.

  • Address: Barakhamba Road, Tansen Marg, New Delhi
  • Nearby metro station – Mandi House
  • Timings– 10 am to 6.p.m
  • Fees– no fees

18. National Philatelic Museum

National Philatelic Museum

This museum is under control of the Department of Post, and this is one of the best places to see in Delhi. Here you will be able to see a great collection of stamps and there is a huge range that attracts your mind. The collection has some different themes, and this can be interesting to see this place.

  • Address: Dak Bhavan, Sardar Patel Chowk, Sansad Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearest Metro station: Patel Chowk, Shivaji Stadium, Jan path
  • Timings: 10 am to 5 pm
  • Entry Fee: No Admission Fee.

19. National Police Memorial

national police memorial

This is one of the best museums in Delhi and this was inaugurated by Prime minister Narendra Modi in October 2018. The museum is dedicated to the central and state police forces in the country and you can see many things like guns, uniforms, etc. You can get to know the history of the police force of India here.

  • Address: Pandit Uma Shankar Dikshit Marg, Diplomatic Enclave, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi, Delhi 110011
  • Nearest metro station: Jor Bagh
  • Timings: 9:30 am to 5:30 pm
  • Entry Fee: INR 10 per person.

20. National Rail Museum

national rail museum

This is among one of the best museums in Delhi where you can learn about the history of rail transportation in India. There are many unique exhibits ere and you can see the best collections of the coaches and engines. The center of the attractions is the steam locomotive “Fairy Queen” and “John Morris Fire Engine”.

There is also an indoor gallery that showcases many miniature models. This has its main focus on the rail heritage of India, and this has both indoor and outdoor exhibits.

There is a toy train ride that will permit visitors to cover the whole museum. This has a very nice collection of more than 100 real exhibits of Indian railways and one can also explore through many photographs and working models. There is a lot to learn here and you can also see a lot of equipment here. This is one of the best rail museums in the nation.

  • Address: Chanakyapuri, New Delhi, Delhi 110021
  • Nearest metro station– Moti Bagh
  • Timings: 10 am to 5 pm (Monday closed)
  • Entry Fee: INR 100 per person.

21. National Science Centre

National Science Centre

This is the best place for those who have a love for science, and you will be able to learn the latest technology developments in the country through many exhibits here. This is best for all from a science student to a scientist. There are many good things that you can see, and you can be as innovative as you can here.

You can learn history here and this is one of the best museums in the capital city. This is the best place for those who have the interest to learn science. This is also the best place for those who are into science research.

  • Address: Bhairon Marg, Near Gate No.1, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearby metro station – Indraprastha and Pragati Maidan
  • Timings: 9:30 am to 6 pm
  • Entry Fee: General Entry – INR 40 per person. Students – INR 10 per person.

22. National War Memorial

National War Memorial

This is a very good initiative to take to honor the sacrifices of Indian armed forces. The main aim of this place is to educate the public about their valor and also the contribution. In the complex, you will be able to see the statue of brave soldiers and arms that were used by them. This is the best place where you can come with your family or friends.

  • Address– C – Hexagon, India Gate, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearest Metro station– Central Secretariat
  • Timings: 9:00 AM – 5:30 PM
  • Entry Fee: Rs. 5.0 per person for Indians, 100.0 per person for Foreign nationals, 1.0 per person for Indian students, 25.0 per person for Camera and Camcorder.

23. Nehru Memorial Museum & Library

Nehru Memorial Museum

This is a museum with a library and this place is devoted to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. This was established in 1964 and this is maintained and nurtured by the Ministry of Culture. This has a very good and beautiful architecture and you will also see a collection of very rare books. You will get to learn history here.

  • Address: Teen Murti Bhavan, Teen Murti Marg, Teen Murti Marg Area, New Delhi, Delhi 110011
  • Nearest metro stations: Patel Chowk, Jorbagh, Central Secretariat, Udyog Bhawan
  • Timings: 9 am to 5:30 pm
  • Entry Fee: No Admission Fee.

24. Purana Qila Museum

Purana Qila Excavation

This is one of the oldest museums in Delhi and you can enjoy each and every minute that you spend at this place. This is one of the best archaeological museums where you can learn some interesting facts about the archaeology of Delhi. There is a huge collection that covers artifacts from various eras. You can also see on display many of the antique items here. This is the best place if you like to see some art and craft.

  • Address: Mathura Rd, Near Delhi Zoo, New Delhi, Delhi 110003
  • Nearest metro station: Pragati maidan
  • Timings: 8 am to 5 pm
  • Entry Fee: INR 20 per person.

25. Rashtrapati Bhavan Museum

Rashtrapati Bhavan Museum

This museum is located inside the Rashtrapati Bhavan and there is also an old presidential buggy drawn by a life-size horse. You can also see a merc gifted to late prime minister Rajiv Gandhi by the King of Jordan.

Also, there you will be able to find an Interactive Digital Platform where you will be able to see some of the rare photographs of the President’s house and the freedom movement also. You can also see some historical record at this place. There is a gift counter where you can see many gift items that were received from different parts of the world. This is one of the best museums in the city.

  • Address– Gate No. 30 on Mother Teresa Crescent Road, New Delhi, India\
  • Nearest metro station– Udyog Bhavan
  • Timings– 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
  • Entry fees– no fees

26. Red Fort Archaeological Museum

Museums in the Red Fort

Located inside the well-known red fort, this is a Red Fort Archaeological Museum that is popular all over the world. there are many paintings and art pieces that one would like to see and also there are some rare objects that date back to the Mughal era. Also known as a palace museum this place is a must-see when you go for a Delhi tour. This is the best place for all age groups.

This displays the Mughal culture and heritage through its art and craft princes and there are three galleries and all of them are dedicated to a separate period. In the first gallery, there are antique pieces while you can see some different collections of coins, etc. in the second one. The third one has some old-style antiques.

  • Address: Lal Qila, Chandni Chowk Mumtaz Mahal Red Fort, New Delhi, Delhi 11000
  • Nearby metro station– Lal Qila
  • Timings – 9 am to 5 PM
  • Entry fees– 20 Rs for Indian National and 250 Rs for Foreigners.

27. Shankar’s International Dolls Museum

Shankar's International Dolls Museum

This is one of the best museums to visit in Delhi and this is the best one to visit with your kids. You will get to see a huge range of dolls and the kids are really going to love those. There are around 6000 different dolls and they have come from 85 various nations. There is a different section that has a collection of 500 Indian dolls with ethnic clothes.

  • Address: ITO, 4, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Beside Central Bank, Nehru House, New Delhi, Delhi 110002
  • Nearest metro station: ITO metro
  • Timings: 10 am to 5:30 pm
  • Entry Fee: INR 15 per person.

28. Sulabh International Museum Of Toilets

Museum Of Toilets

This is a different place where you can see different types of toilets and this is devoted to the world history of toilets. There are different toilets that have come from various parts of the world and you can also see a nice collection of poems that are written on these toilets.

  • Address: Sulabh Bhawan, RZ-83, Palam – Dabri Marg, Mahavir Enclave, New Delhi, Delhi 110045.
  • Nearest Metro station: Dashrathpuri, Mahavir Enclave, PNB Dwarka sector
  • Timings: 8 am to 8 pm
  • Entry Fee: No Admission Fee.

29. Textile Museum

textile museum delhi

This is one of the best museums in Delhi that has a variety of textiles. There is a gallery where you can see the whole collection and you can enjoy shopping here too. This is a nice source for the studies of the Indian textile traditions. There are many varieties of textiles and one can see the whole range here one by one.

This is the best place to study as well as research too. This is actually a combination of three museums in total and there are many objects here. One can enjoy watching some day to day household objects that are finely turned into art pieces.

  • Address – Mehrauli-Gurgaon Road, Anand Gram
  • Nearest metro station– Central Secretariat
  • Entry Fee– Free
  • Timings– 10 AM to 5 PM (Monday Closed)

30. Tibet Art Museum

Tibetan Art Museum

This was established in the year 1965 by Dalai lama and there are a library and an art museum too. This museum is where you can get to learn many things about the culture and the heritage of the country now. This is a beautiful museum that has galleries decorated with Tibetan paintings. There are many precious manuscripts and also you can see many books here. This is the best place for those who like to see culture and do some research.

  • Address– 1, Lodhi Rd, Gokalpuri, Institutional Area, Lodi Colony, New Delhi, Delhi 110003
  • Nearest metro station– Dhaula Kuwa 
  • Timings: 9:30 to 5:30 pm
  • Entry Fee: INR 10 per person.

Conclusion:

Delhi is the capital city of India and this place has a good history and culture too. There are many museums where you can take a tour and get to learn many things here. You can also see the culture of the country here. If you are a history lover, then defiantly you need to cover the museums in your tour plan now.

Red Fort Delhi: Built By, Timings, History and Ticket Information

red fort delhi

Why visit the Red Fort, the oldest monument in Delhi? Undoubtedly, Delhi, which is the national capital, serves various attractive sites for the tourists. However, Red Fort is one of the most celebrated monuments in Delhi. Whether it is about history or architecture, Red Fort’s rich heritage makes it must visit place for tourists across the globe.

About Red Fort Delhi

The Red Fort serves as the historical fortification in New Delhi. It is located in the center of Delhi and was the primary residence of the Mughal dynasty emperors. In 1939, Red Fort was constructed by Shah Jahan as a result of the capital shift to Delhi from Agra.

The imposing piece of architecture derives the name Red Fort from its impregnable red sandstone walls. The tourists can check out the Red Fort Delhi tickets online and check out the best deals. It is one of the prominent as well as massive structures of India where numerous tourists visit to explore its history. The Red Fort is an excellent example of Mughal architecture.

Along with the accommodating households of the emperors, Red Fort was the political and ceremonial center of the Mughal state. Today, Red Fort Delhi has become the home to several museums where tourists visit every year. In addition to it, the Indian Prime Minister unfurls the national flag every year on Independence Day.

The Red Fort lies along the banks of the river Yamuna and is formerly known as Quila-e-Mubarak. The fort is said to represent the brilliance and architectural creativity of Mughal architecture. With so much heritage and history associated with it, Red Fort is one of the major tourist attractions in Delhi. Here you can spend time with your family and explore history at Red Fort archaeological museum.

History of Red Fort

Red Fort History

In the holy month of Muharram, that is, on 13th May 1638, the Red Fort construction had started. It took around nine years to build Red Fort. The fort was completed on 6th April 1648, under the supervision of Shah Jahan. The walls of the Red Fort were built asymmetrically to contain the older Salimgarh Fort inside its boundaries.

The Fort had remained the seat of the Imperial Mughal Rule when the Great Revolt took place in 1857. The Red Fort consists of various other structures that were built during the Life of Shah Jahan, and some were added later by different rulers.

The son of Shah Jahan had added the Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque to the Red Fort complex. When the Aurangzeb rule was over, the Red Fort has seen its degradation. Farrukhsiyar, another ruler in 1712, has replaced the silver ceiling of the Red Fort with copper.

The Persian Emperor, Nadir Shah in 1739, invaded Delhi and looted the fort. Undoubtedly, the fort was attacked several times and captured between 1739 and 1857 by Marathas, British, Ahmad Shah, and Sikhs. For 200 years, the Red Fort Delhi was the seat of Mughals. However, after the revolt of 1857, Bahadur Shah II, who was the last Mughal Emperor, was exiled to Rangoon.

After that, the Red Fort was occupied by the British Colonial Rulers. They had planned systematic destruction of the Red Fort, which included destroying gardens, servant quarters, furniture, and harem apartments. Almost all the inner structure of the fort was destroyed except the white marble buildings.

After that, in 1899, Lord Curzon has ordered the reconstruction of the Red Fort images of buildings and gardens after becoming the Viceroy of India. The first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the National flag from Lahori Gate. Since that time, Prime Minister unfurls the national flag on every Republic and Independence Day at the Red Fort.

The Architecture of Red Fort

Architecture of Red Fort

The Red Fort indeed forms a monument par excellence that combines the features of Persian, Timurid, and Indian architecture. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the architect of the Red Fort, who had designed the Taj Mahal as well. The Red Fort is surrounded by a 2 km perimeter wall, which acts as an efficient defensive measure. The structure of the fort is considered to be octagonal. Along with it, the Red Fort has several gates, among which the prominent ones are Ajmeri, Mori, Lahori, Kashmiri, Turkman, and other Delhi gates.

In addition to it, inside its premises, the Red Fort history houses several structures. Diwan-i-Khaas is well-known among all those structures. Along with it, the Moti Masjid and Nahr-i-Bashisht are also famous structures housed by the Red Fort. The magnificent fort is spread over an area of 254.67 acres. The Red Fort is enclosed by the defensive wall, which is measured at 2.41 kilometers.

The walls stand at 18 m on the riverside, and they differ as opposed to 33 m high wall on the side of the city. The main entrance of the Red Fort opens at ‘Chatta Chowk, ’ which is a covered street. There is majestic Delhi gate towards the southern region of the Red Fort, which has the same appearance as the main gate. The structures involved in the Red Fort architecture serve as fine examples of Mughal architecture and Islamic architectural style.

The magnificent fort is highly known for its gardens, though most of them were destroyed by the British. Along with it, a water channel that refers to Stream of Paradise is also a reason behind the popularity of Red Fort. This water channel connects an architectural style, pavilions owned by the Mughals.

The architectural style of the Red Fort has inspired the construction of many gardens. The Red Fort was entirely embellished with precious ornaments and floral decorations. The architecture of Red Fort drawing results in a unique Shah Jahan style, which is highly rich in expression, color, and structure.

Who built Red Fort?

Many tourists wonder who made Red Fort after visiting the place. The Red Fort was constructed in the 17th century by Shah Jahan. The fort is popularly known as Lal Qila. Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri have designed the Red Fort.

It took around eight years plus ten months to build the magnificent Red Fort. From 1648 to 1857, the Red Fort had served as the royal residence of the Mughal Emperors. However, in today’s time, many of the buildings of the Red Fort are not in good shape.

Museums in the Red Fort

Museums in the Red Fort

Prime Minister Narender Modi inaugurated four museums in Delhi ahead of 69th Republic Day. The complex of the museums is the courage of freedom fighters and tribute to the revolutionary zeal. The four museums feature the paintings, archival material on India’s first war of Independence, and Archeological Museum. When the tourists check out the Red Fort entry fee then they can also look at the museum entry fee.

1. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Museum:

It commemorates the 122nd birth anniversary of the freedom fighter. This museum features documents from the childhood of Subhash Chandra Bose to the Indian army trials which have taken place at the Red Fort barracks. Even the museum includes a cap, wooden chair, and sword, which were used by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.

2. Yaad-e-Jillian Museum:

The museum is dedicated to the victims of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. It provides the public with an informative insight into the unfortunate event that has held in Amritsar in April 1919. The museum highlights the sacrifices and memorial at Jallianwala Bagh by Indian soldiers.

3. The Museum of 1857:

The museum signifies the struggle of the sepoy mutiny that took place in 1857 during the first war of Independence. It gives the public about a glimpse of the events that led up to the uprising after they held.

4. Drishyakala Museum:

This museum shows the best of culture and Indian art. It showcases through four exhibitions which are historical and span 450 works of art over three centuries. The museum portrays artwork of significant artists like Amrita Sher Gil, Jamini Roy, Raja Ravi Verma, and Rabindranath Tagore.

Major Structures which give Red Fort information

Lahori Gate:

Lahori Gate

It is the main gate to the fort, which is named for its orientation towards the Lahore city. The beauty of this gate was spoiled during the reign of Aurangzeb. Shah Jahan has described it as a veil drawn across the face of the beautiful woman.

It is named so because now it faces the city of Lahore. The tourists can find various places to visit near Red Fort and stories which have the arch panels of various shapes. The gate is built by using the red sandstone; however, the roofs of the pavilions were constructed with white stone. It is the main gate through which tourists can enter the Red Fort.

Delhi Gate:

Delhi Gate

It is the southern public entrance to the Red Fort. It is similar in appearance as well as layout to the Lahori gate. Two elephants of life-size face each other on either side of the gate. Lord Curzon renewed it in 1903. It refers to as Dilli Darwaza, which is another entrance to the Red Fort.

The gate is made in the same style as another gate of the Fort, which is Lahori Gate. The gate has three stories, and each has arch panels with different shapes. The shape of the panels varies in between square, cusp, and rectangle. The gate was built by red sandstone, and the white stone was used to construct the roof.

Chhatra Chowk:

Chhatta Chowk

It is adjacent to the Lahori Gate. During the Mughal period, jewelry, silk, and other items for the imperial household were sold. The bazaar crosses the sizeable north-South Street and leads to an open outer court. It divides the importance of Red Fort from the palaces to the west.

The 32 arch sides of the chowk get used as shops, and that was contained in two-story flats. During the Mughal period, most of the bazaars were open-air, but Chhatra Chowk was a covered market. It also referred to as Bazaar-i-Musaqaf.

Naubat Khana:

Naubat Khana

It is also known as Naqqar Khana, and it stands in the east wall of the court. At the scheduled times, music was played next to the large gate. Everyone was required to dismount there except royalty. It is situated between the inner and outer courts entrance. It refers to as drum house where announcements were made. Some of the announcements were made if any royal person is going to arrive at the court if any law was to be enforced, and many more.

Diwan-i-Aam:

Diwan-i-Aam

It is the vast pavilion for royal public spectators along with a flamboyant throne balcony, which was reserved for the emperor. The column of the site is beautifully decorated with gold. A silver and gold paling drew a line of demarcation between the viewers and the throne. It refers to the ‘Hall of Public Audiences’.

The structure of Diwan-i-Aam is rectangular, having beautiful nine arches. It is the place where the emperor was used to hear the complaints of common people. The hall was beautifully decorated with ornaments and curtains. The throne of the emperor was stood at the back of the hall, and below the throne, there is a precious stone used by Prime Minister as a sitting place.

Nahr-i-Bihist:

Nahr-i-Bihist

There are beautiful imperial private apartments behind the throne of the emperor. The pavilions get linked through a water channel, which refers to as the Nahr-i-Bisht. The water is of the Yamuna river coming from the tower located at the northeastern side of the Red Fort.

The palace complex refers to as one of the ideal prototypes of the Mughal artwork. Many people believe that here if you want to find paradise on Earth, then you can visit here. The layout of Nahr-i-Bihist is planned by considering the Islamic models; however, each of the pavilions exhibits the Mughal architectural style.

Mumtaz Mahal:

Mumtaz Mahal

Among the special features of Red Fort, it is one of the six palaces situated in the women’s quarters within the fort. All the castles were built along the banks of River Yamuna and were interconnected by the stream of Paradise. The Red Fort constructed by using white marble, and it gets embellished with floral decorations.

It was put to use a prison camp during the British rule. It is located on the southern end of the Red Fort. Initially, it was painted on the interior side. The mahal consists of six apartments, which were quite large. Currently, it houses the Archaeological Museum.

Rang Mahal:

Rang Mahal

 

The Rang Mahal translates to “Palace of Colors” and was built to house the wives and mistresses of the emperor. The palace was made to look cheerful with ostentatious decorations and bright paints. A marble basin was installed at the center of the palace welcome water flowing from the Stream of Paradise.

It is divided into six apartments. Over the ceilings and the walls of these apartments, the locals can find out tiny pieces of glasses embedded. There was a fountain bed right in the center of the mahal made of the ivory.

Khas Mahal:

Khas Mahal

It was used as the private residence for the emperors. This palace was divided into three parts such as sitting room, chamber of telling beads, and sleeping chamber. The palace was decorated with floral embellishments, white marble, and gilded ceiling. Khas Mahal was connected to a tower, named, ‘Muthamman Burj’ from where the emperor would address his subjects. The tourists can know who was the founder of Red Fort after visiting the place.

Diwan-i-Khas:

Diwan-i-Khas

It is a pavilion inside the Red Fort, which is well-dressed in full marble. The pillars of it are polished with floral sculpting. The inlay work of the structure is beautifully decorated with semi-precious stones. It refers to as the ‘Hall of Private Audience’ and is a smaller rectangular chamber as compared with Diwan-i-Aam.

The four corners of the chamber are beautifully stubbed with pillared chhatris, which enhance its beauty. Once the famous Peacock throne stood here but later in the year 1739, it was looted by Nadir Shah. This hall was used for attending private visitors and audiences.

Hammam:

Hammam

It is a building that housed the baths and was used by the emperors. In the eastern apartment of Hammam, there is a dressing room. In the western department, hot water flows through the taps. The interiors of Hammam were decorated with white marble and floral designs.

It is situated on the northern side of Diwan-i-Khas. It consists of a significant three apartments which are laid with colorful stones like marble. Among the three apartments, two apartments were known to be used as a place for Royal Bath.

Baoli:

red fort Baoli

It referred to step-wall and believed to pre-date the Red Fort Delhi. It is one of the few monuments which were not demolished after the Indian Rebellion by the British. The chambers within the tomb were converted into a prison. It is uniquely designed with two sets of staircases, which leads down to the well.

Moti Masjid:

Moti Masjid

It refers to the ‘Pearl Mosque’ and was built by Aurangzeb for his personal use. The inhabitants of Zenana also used the mosque. It was constructed by using white marble; it has three arches and three domes. It is a small mosque and is located on the western side of the Hammam. It consists of a short prayer hall which is crowned by three domes.

Hira Mahal:

Hira Mahal

Bahadur Shah II built it in 1842, and now it is one of the last structures built by the Mughal emperor. It has an interesting legend associated with it. According to some resources, Shah Jahan has hidden a diamond in this palace. The diamond is said to be even more precious as compared with famed Kohinoor, but it is not yet found.

Hayat Bakhsh Bagh:

Hayat Bakhsh Bagh

It is known as the Life bestowing Garden and is a large formal garden. This Garden cuts through two equally divided water channels. A pavilion can be seen at the end of the north-south chain. It covered the area of around 200 square feet.

You can also see one more piece of work in the middle of the pool. The practice serves as the result of the efforts by Bahadur Shah II was the last emperor in 1842. British had destroyed it during 1857 and Lord Curzon had put efforts to restore its gardens.

Zafar Mahal:

Zafar Mahal

It lies in between the two pavilions. In 1842, during the reign of Bahadur Shah II, the Zafar Mahal was constructed. It stands in the middle of the pre-existing water tank. This pavilion is made out of red sandstone. The tank was used as a swimming pool by the British troops in 1857 after the occupation.

Sawan and Bhadon:

Sawan and Bhadon

The Sawan and Bhadon face on opposite ends of the canal. These two pavilions are almost identical structures carved out of white marble. In the Hindu calendar, Sawan and Bhadon refer to two rainy months during the monsoon. During the day, vases with golden flowers were placed, and at night, small oil lamps placed in these niches. The water cascading from the channel creates the impression of a golden curtain.

Red Fort light and sound show:

Red Fort light and sound show

For the significant historical relevance hold by the Red Fort, the number of tourists visits here every year. However, apart from the mighty building of medieval times and the red sandstone, there is another attraction of the Red Fort. The Red Fort light and sound show timings are different for English and Hindi. It is the blessed Light and Sound show of the Red Fort, which attracts the tourists. Except for Mondays, this show held every evening.
Red Fort Delhi timings for Light and Sound show:

  • For the Hindi show: 7:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.
  • For English shows: 9:00 p.m. to 10: 00 p.m.

Red Fort Tickets

  • For adults: Rs. 60
  • For kids: Rs. 20

How to reach Red Fort?

red fort constructed by

Address: Netaji Subhash Marg, Lal Qila, Chandni Chowk, New Delhi, Delhi 110006

By road: Delhi is well-connected with many cities by road transport. There are AC as well as non-AC buses, which run from various terminals, and tourists can take buses to reach the Red Fort.

By Metro: The nearest Red Fort metro station is Lal Qila metro station in Violet Line. This is a walking distance from Red Fort Delhi.

Red Fort Tickets

The entry tickets of Red Fort Delhi varies like, it is Rs. 90 for Indians. For children, the Red Fort entry fee is Rs. 30. The entry fee for foreigners to visit Red Fort is Rs. 950.

Red Fort timings

Red Fort Delhi is open from Tuesday to Sunday and closed on Mondays. You can visit Red Fort anytime from sunrise to sunset.

Conclusion

Red Fort conducts regular shows, including light and sound show for the tourists. Such shows bring to light its history in front of the tourists. If you love to explore history and want to know why Red Fort symbolizes freedom and peace, then you must visit at least once in a lifetime.

Places to visit near Red Fort Delhi:

References:

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque: Built by, History and Architectural Information

quwwat ul islam mosque

Delhi is the capital of India, which refers to an as cosmopolitan city with the modern as well as historic old Delhi. From the mesmerizing historical monuments to the crowded shopping malls, here you can explore multiple personalities. Undoubtedly, Delhi is known to be the city with a great heart. Among such historical places to visit in Delhi, Quwwat ul Islam mosque is one of such attractive plus a must visiting place for the tourists.

Overview of Quwwat ul Islam mosque

Quwwat ul Islam mosque refers to as Great Mosque of Delhi, which was commissioned by Qutb-ud-din Aibak. He was the founder of the Slave dynasty or Mamluk and had built the ruins of 27 Jain and Hindu temples. The mosque was built over the site of large temples, which is well-known to be located in the center of a citadel. After the Islamic conquest of India, the Quwwat ul Islam mosque was the first mosque built in Delhi. In addition to it, the mosque is the oldest surviving example of Ghurdis architecture among the Indian continent.

When you enter the mosque, you will get fascinated by looking at the intricately carved ceilings. The major attraction which is terrific to look at includes a beautiful courtyard lined by stunning pillars at either side of the mosque. Here you are going to find Hindu motifs such as leaves, tasseled ropes, bulls, cows, and tendrils.

The graceful arches, along with twisting curves and inscription of texts from the Quran, form the first indication of the Islamic character of Quwwat ul Islam mosque. The prayer hall at the Qutb-ud-din Aibak Delhi has eight arches. Quwwat ul Islam mosque is continuously attracting visitors every year. The tourists flock here to explore the history and view the geometrical patterns, corbelled arches, and floral motifs.

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque built by

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque built by

Qutb-ud-din Aibak built Quwwat ul Islam mosque in the 1180s. The mosque, which stands tall, reflects the Ghurids style of architecture majestically.

It is believed that many rules involving Alauddin Khalji and Illtutmish have contributed towards the expansion of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

The Quwwat ul Islam mosque built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak involved demolishing Jain temples and by using stoned. In the construction of Quwwat ul Islam mosque, brick, as well as mud, were used. After the death of Qutb, the Quwwat ul Islam mosque was expanded by Illtutmish.

During this period, Illtutmish has added three arches which are found to be more Islamic as compared with those constructed during the period of Qutb. Even he had built a tomb that has the characteristics of Hindu design. Later, Ala-ud-din Khalji has added a courtyard at the entrance of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

Qutub-ud-din had called the mosque as Jami Masjid, and it was stated that around twenty lacs of coins had been spent on the erection of the demolished temples. The Quwwat ul Islam mosque facts show that the western portion of the mosque’s courtyard occupies the original site of one of the destroyed temples.

On the eastern sides of the mosque, an intermediate story was raised to provide proper compartments for ladies. Anangpal had set up an iron pillar from the Vishnu temple of the fourth century stands in the front of the prayer hall of Quwwat ul Islam mosque. The mosque has several unique features to it, and that is why; it witnesses various visits, especially history lovers, never miss a chance to explore it.

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque History

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque History

After the annexation of Delhi by Mohammad Ghori, the making of Quwwat ul Islam mosque had started in 1193 AD. The construction of the mosque was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, who was the commander of Muhammad Ghori.

The magnificent monument, Quwwat ul Islam mosque in Delhi was built on the ruins of the edifice and Hindu temples, and it got completed by 1197 AD. After that, Illtutmish successor had added three more colonnades to the central prayer to Qutub-ud-din Aibak. After that time, during the rule of Alauddin Khilji, in 1300 AD, Alai Darwaza was also built. Along with it, a court was also made on the eastern side of the mosque.

After the completion of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque in 1198, a massive stone screen was erected in front of the prayer hall, which consists of a central arch which is 16m high and 6.7m wide. The Quwwat ul Islam mosque was enlarged by two later rulers, namely, Shamsu’d-Din Illtutmish, who was son-in-law, and successor of Qutub-ud-din.

He has doubled the size of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque in 1230 by extending its prayer hall outside the original enclosure and its colonnades. After that, Ala-ud-din Khilji had extended the mosque by enlarging the enclosure substantially. In addition to it, he had provided two gateways on the longer eastern side of the portals and one each on the south as well as the north side.

Quwwat ul Islam mosque history shows that it is one of the oldest surviving mosques in India, which was solely built to celebrate the triumph of the victory of Mohammed Ghuri on the Rajputs. Initially, this mosque was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak as a token of respect for his mastery when he became the sultan.

When you enter the mosque, you will get fascinated by looking at the temple ceiling. The ceiling at Quwwat ul Islam mosque is well-designed, which attracts the attention of many tourists.

The picturesque courtyard of Quwwat ul Islam mosque is highly sequenced by the rows of intricately designed pillars that amaze the visitors visiting here. The breathtaking pointed arches boast the Islamic feature, which excellently flaunts the calligraphy of texts from the Quran in Arabic.

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque Architectural

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque Architectural

The technique, as well as the architectural features of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque, resembles the pattern or structure of other monuments that were built by the same ruler Ajmer Mosque and Adhai Din ka Jhopra. It is strongly believed that the entire Qutub Minar complex was established after demolishing Sanskrit schools as well as temples found at the spot. To construct the Quwwat ul Islam mosque, the destruction of twenty-seven Jain as well as Hindu temples, was furnished. Along with it, the mosque was initially built with grey quartz red sandstone and white marble.

There you can find enormous stone-made screens which stand perfectly in front of the prayer hall. The information about Quwwat ul Islam mosque includes two smaller arches along with a central dome, which shaped like an S like its company. After that, a large stone screen was built ahead of the prayer hall, which is accompanied by arches and is of S-shaped.

Along with, another example of Islamic and Hindu fusion is the prayer hall, which is of co shaped and consists of a central arch, which is approximately 6.15m in height. The prayer hall is further ornamented with out of the box decorations which reflect the excellent work finished by the architectures.

Quwwat ul Islam mosque is an exultant example of Indo-Islamic architecture, the dimensions of the mosque include a grand prayer hall and a central courtyard located to the west side of Quwwat ul Islam mosque. Along with it, you can find huge arcades made of greystone plus a total of bays about Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

The mosque also has an enormous central arch along with smaller side arches. Both the pillars and the screens are carved with religious texts as well as floral designs. The iron pillar of the mosque is located in the front. However, the famous monument in Delhi, Qutub Minar is situated to the west side of Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

The mausoleum is built with an ornate shaped entrance on an elevated platform that was borrowed from the Hindus temples. Quwwat ul Islam mosque is profoundly cherished as one of the most magnificent works of architecture in the entire world.

How to reach?

Quwwat ul Islam mosque in Delhi is well-situated with the Qutub Minar complex. The metro station is situated on the yellow line, which connects Huda City Center, and Samaypur Badli is nearer to the Qutub Minar complex.

You can get down there either at the metro station or bus stop. From there, you can hire battery auto-rickshaws or battery rickshaws to reach Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

  • Address: Qutub Minar Complex, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Timings: 7 am to 9 pm all days
  • Fee: Rs. 35 for Indian and Rs. 500 for others
  • Nearest metro station: Qutub Minar metro station in Yellow line.

Conclusion

If you want to explore the Mughal history as well as various historical monuments, then visiting Quwwat ul Islam mosque is the best decision. In Delhi, you can come across multiple historical monuments that make it the concentration of the country’s political power.

Quwwat ul Islam mosque is well-located inside the Qutub Minar complex and celebrated the Muslim conquest of India. The significance of this mosque is that it is the first mosque of India. In addition to it, the mosque is inspired by the iron “Pillar of the Law” and attracts many visitors over the entire world. So what are you waiting for? Go and plan a historical trip with your family and explore the history of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

Iron Pillar (Mehrauli): History, Architecture and Relocation Delhi

Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar is around 24 meters tall and 16 inches in diameter pillar in Delhi India. According to Indian history, this pillar was constructed for the memory of King Chandragupta II.

Today this pillar stands in the Qutub Complex that locates in Mehrauli, Delhi. It is a very famous pillar for the rust-resistant composition of the metal. Mehrauli Iron Pillar weighs around 3000 kilograms or about 7000 lb.

About Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar rust-resistant composition has attracted many metallurgists and archaeologists. It has been known as a testament to ancient Indian Blacksmiths skills. It is highly resistant to corrosion. Resistance to corrosion means there is an even crystalline iron hydrogen phosphate layer.

Thus it gets protected from the local climate of Delhi. The height of the Iron Pillar from the bottom of the base to the top of the capital is around 7.21 meters. Out of this, 1.12 meters is underground. Bulb shaped base has a height of 0.71 meters, and the bell pattern capital height is 1.07 meters.

Above the base, there are iron bars on which it rests. The lower diameter of the pillar is 16.4 inches, and the upper portion diameter is 306 mm or 12.05 inches. This gigantic Iron Pillar is expected to weigh around six tons. The fencing of this iron Pillar of Delhi was done in 1997 because visitors cause damage to it.

While once you visit, you will find many inscriptions on The Iron Pillar. The oldest inscriptions show the name of King Chandragupta II Vikramaditya in the Sanskrit language in the inverse form. No matter if this Iron Pillar stands in Delhi, but it is still a fact to know the original location of this pillar.

Iron Pillar History

Iron Pillar History

This rust-resistant Iron Pillar stands in the middle of Empty Square in Delhi from around 1600 years back. It is older than someone who can expect to non-rusting exposed iron. According to people, this pillar must have become a pile of dust in such long years. People usually think that this Iron Pillar must have come from another place and another time.

According to the history of the Iron Pillar of Delhi, the pillar was made in the memory of the King of the Gupta Period. It was also constructed to honor the important god of Hindus – Lord Vishnu. But still, it is not clear for which Gupta King, this pillar was made for. But always, people believed that the inscriptions on the pillar show the name of Chandragupta II, who ruled from 375 to 415 CE.

Who built the Iron Pillar?

old Iron pillar image

The purpose of building this Mehrauli Iron Pillar is still a big mystery. Many people believe that this pillar was a sundial in MP, while many believe it was in the memory of King. However, again, people do not know why it is not in MP these days. It is also a big mystery.

Still, no answer moved Qutub Minar, Iron Pillar, 1000 years ago. People do not know they someone has touched it and reason for this movement. However, one thing is clear that this pillar is part of Delhi for a long time back.

Relocation of Iron Pillar

People believed that the Iron Pillar was used as a Trophy to build the complex Qutb and the mosque Quwwat-ul-Islam. However, it is not yet sure if a pillar was moved from another original place to Delhi. However, many say that relocating the pillar occurred with Muslim rule in Delhi. According to the scholars, the movement of the Iron Pillar happened in 1300 CE.

However, the original location of the pillar causes a big debate between people in the present time too. According to the inscription, the pillar was made at Vishnupadagiri. However, when it was the Gupta period, Mathura was a center for Buddhism.

Many others ensure that The Iron Pillar got erected at Udayagiri as this pillar has a close association with the King and Hindu god Vishnu. Also, Udayagiri was famous for iron mining and working. Later, people said that King Iltumish must have brought this pillar to Delhi in the 13th century.

Iron Pillar Art and Architecture

Since the above, there is a physical description for Iron Pillar of Delhi. Here is the architecture of this famous mysterious pillar.

At the top of the pillar, there are adorned carvings. Iron Pillar is full of inscriptions carvings on its surface. There is a deep socket known as the base of Iron Pillar, and here state of Lord Garuda is fixed. Inscriptions of this mysterious pillar describe its origin. However, people are still not clear about its exact origin.

There is a prominent indentation from ground level at 400 cm in the middle of the Iron pillar. There is a sign of destruction, too, which is believed to be because of the firing of a cannonball from close. According to the Indian history, people thought that Nadir Shah has even ordered for Iron Pillar destruction in the year 1739. However, many have researched if some precious jewels are present in it.

The fascinating fact of Iron Pillar Mehrauli architecture is that it did not destroy even in 1600 years. Researchers have been working on it to find the reason behind it. Researchers believe that the material used to build this pillar is resisted to corrode. Many believe that it is the weather of Delhi, which did not pillar to rust and corrode. Delhi has a dry and less humid climate.

Inscriptions on Mehrauli Iron Pillar

Inscriptions on Mehrauli Iron Pillar

Iron Pillar is mostly known for its inscriptions. It has an engraving of several dates that are still not known despite the easy access and prominent location of this pillar.

Inscription of the King Chandra

The eldest inscription states the name of King Chandra, and it is identified to be of Gupta emperor Chandragupta II.
The total area covered under inscription is 2’99.5” x 10.5”. The ancient inscription on this Iron Pillar is all safe because the pillar has not destroyed yet.

However, some letters are imperfect due to some strokes. The inscription has verses in the Sanskrit Language. Also, some inscription is written in eastern Gupta script. The size of engraved letters ranges from 0.3125” to 0.5,” and these letters have a bit resemblance to the notes on the Allahabad pillar. However, mantras are different from both of them. The character edges are straight ones. The inscription of Delhi is on the hard material.

A short inscription is also associated with Tomara King. Also, the primary inscription is for King Chandragupta. But still, the date of the pillar is a matter of debate. However, many believed engraving is also in the memory of Hindu Lord Vishnu. This pillar is supposed to continue for many years ahead of being rust-resistant.

Scientific Analysis of Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar in Delhi

Wrought iron pieces are believed to be used for constructing the Iron Pillar. According to a report published, the pillar is rust-free because it has a passive film to protect the iron rust interface. Also, many believed that there is the presence of phosphorus in the metal, and thus, it has adapted according to the existing atmospheric conditions of Delhi.

Upon iron oxidation, Goethite and Lepidocrocite are first amorphous oxy-hydroxides appears. Rust rates are high initially, and then chemical reactions take place. With this second phase, particle formation takes place. With this slow passivation of iron takes place, which reduces its rusting.

The second phase particles start acting as a cathode, while metal itself acts as the anode, which would lead to mini galvanic corrosion. There is the formation of a passive protective film on a metal that does not let it rust and corrode. Hence according to scientific analysis, this is a reason why Iron Pillar is famous for being rust-free.

How to reach the Iron Pillar of Delhi?

You will find this pillar presently standing in the Qutub Complex in Mehrauli. You can easily reach the Iron Pillar using public transport. Also, you can visit city buses to the Qutub Complex. Also, many people prefer using the metro for the same.

For the tourists, it is advised to reach Qutub Minar Metro Station on its Yellow Line. This station is the nearest one to your destination. 

  • Address: Qutub Complex, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Nearest Metro Station: Qutub Minar Metro Station on Yellow Line is the Nearest Metro Station of Iron Pillar
  • Timings: 7 am–9 pm
  • Entry Fee: Rs. 35 for India and Rs. 500 for other countries

Conclusion

Man is only responsible for making and destroying. And this is the reason for fence formation around this iron pillar because of damage caused by the visitors to this place. However, it is good luck if one stands to show its back to the pillar and make his hands meet behind it.

However, a passive layer formed on the surface of iron would have destroyed if people would keep touching it. Also, due to this, you can see discoloration at the bottom part of the pillar. This led the keepers to make a fence around the pillar area such that no one would touch it.

Places to Visit near Iron Pillar:

References: