The war memorial is made to honor the soldiers who died during the independence of India. The armed forces have died during the conflict with Pakistan and China, even during the different operations of India. This is constructed on 40 acres of land and built near the India gate. It was constructed in January 2019 and was inaugurated in February 2019 by Narendra Modi and the defense minister. The national war memorial Delhi is built in a short span of time. National war memorial is situated in Delhi.
History of national war memorial:
The national war memorial was made by the Britishers in the center of Delhi after World War 1 and the third Anglo-Afghan war. The Britishers want to pay regards and thanks to the soldiers who have died during the wars. The names of the soldiers have been written on the memorial so that the Indians should remember them. It is the tall straight memorial that the visitors used to visit and even thank the soldiers.
About Amar jawan Jyoti:
Amar jawan Jyoti is also considered the Indian memorial and is inaugurated on 29 January 1972. When the new war memorial was made than the old Amar jawan Jyoti was merged with the new Amar jawan Jyoti. This is present at the India gate. It is constructed with a base of 15 square feet and has a height of 4 feet 3 inches. Amar jawan is written on the four sides of the marble. These words are written in Hindi. On the top of the marble, the rifle is kept inverted with the helmet on the rifle.
The marble is having burners on the four sides which are burned 24*7 hours to pay gratitude towards the soldiers who have died during the world war or any other operation for India.
History of Amar Jawan Jyoti:
In earlier times, a lot of traffic passed through the India gate. No vehicle is allowed to pass through the India gate after the construction of Amar jawan Jyoti. It was inaugurated by Indira Gandhi on the 23rd republic day. Amar jawan Jyoti was constructed to thank the soldiers who had died during the world war. The construction of the national war memorial Amar jawan Jyoti started in 2017 and ended in 2019. There was a huge debate on whether the construction of the Amar jawan Jyoti is symbolized or not and many more topics.
Concept of war memorial:
1. Amar chakra
The name of the Amar chakra was given through the name of Amar jawan Jyoti. This is the flame that is the center of attraction of the monument. This flame is burning 24*7 hours and paying gratitude towards the soldiers who have died during the operations of India.
2. Veerta chakra
The Veerta chakra is showcasing the bravery of the soldiers of the Indian army. It is basically showing the battle of Ganga Sagar, tithwal, and many more operations which are for India’s freedom.
3. Tyag chakra
Tyag chakra is the walls that are present near the India gate. These are made up of granite and the name of the soldier is written on the granite in golden letters with the rank of them.
4. Rakshak chakra
One circle is made up of trees which is showcasing the citizen’s safety against any problem they face in life. It is also showcasing the soldiers who are saving the life of the people against any war or terrorist attack.
On every 26th January, the prime minister and the officers have to wreath at the Amar jawan Jyoti and pay gratitude towards the soldiers who have died during the world war. On some other days like Independence Day, Vijay divas, and many more days all the members must come near Amar jawan Jyoti. When there was the 73rd Independence Day, there was 2-minute silence for the first time. it was done during the inauguration of the new Amar jawan Jyoti. It was made to thank the soldiers.
The Layout of the memorial:
A design competition was held throughout the world. It was won by the WeBe design labs. The whole project of designing the structure was given to them. Even the architect was also inspired by making such a design. The design was made in such a way that it is connected to princess park, which is spread across 14 acres of land and connected with the memorial with a tunnel. This tunnel is made to be underground. The museum is also connected by the metro.
The war memorial is open for visitors at a particular time. It is open between 9 A.M. to 7:30 P.M. from April to October. In the month of November to march, it is open between 9 A.M. to 6:30 P.M. The visitors required only 1 to 2 hours for visiting this place. No fees are required to visit this national war memorial.
There is a different metro station that is easily available to the people who wanted to visit the metro station. The metro station on the violet line is:
- Janpath is only 2 km away from the war memorial.
The metro station available on the yellow line is:
- Udyog Bhawan is 2.5 km.
- The central secretariat is 2.5 km.
The metro station available on the blue line are:
- Mandi house is 1.5 km away from the war memorial
- Pragati maidan is 2.5 km away from the war memorial
Facts about war memorials:
- Several names are written on the war memorial to thank them for sacrificing their lives for India.
- Almost 40 acres of land are given to the army officers so that they can build the Amar jawan Jyoti national war memorial on the land.
- The fees of the war memorial are free for all the people who want to visit this place.
- Many of the names were finalized from the different armies who have made India proud, and some names would be added after the reviews collected from the people.
- Some special enclosures were made for the people who got Param to veer chakra.
The national war memorial is one of the monuments of India that have been made so quickly. It was mainly made for thanking the soldiers who have died during the different operations in India. There are different sections were made who is giving some information about the soldiers. The main attraction of this place is the Amar jawan Jyoti. It is having four burners on the four sides of the marble which is burning 24*7 hours. Visitors should visit this place for getting knowledge about the soldiers and even thank them for sacrificing their lives for making India free from different threats.