Iron Pillar (Mehrauli): History, Architecture and Relocation Delhi

Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar is around 24 meters tall and 16 inches in diameter pillar in Delhi India. According to Indian history, this pillar was constructed for the memory of King Chandragupta II.

Today this pillar stands in the Qutub Complex that locates in Mehrauli, Delhi. It is a very famous pillar for the rust-resistant composition of the metal. Mehrauli Iron Pillar weighs around 3000 kilograms or about 7000 lb.

About Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar rust-resistant composition has attracted many metallurgists and archaeologists. It has been known as a testament to ancient Indian Blacksmiths skills. It is highly resistant to corrosion. Resistance to corrosion means there is an even crystalline iron hydrogen phosphate layer.

Thus it gets protected from the local climate of Delhi. The height of the Iron Pillar from the bottom of the base to the top of the capital is around 7.21 meters. Out of this, 1.12 meters is underground. Bulb shaped base has a height of 0.71 meters, and the bell pattern capital height is 1.07 meters.

Above the base, there are iron bars on which it rests. The lower diameter of the pillar is 16.4 inches, and the upper portion diameter is 306 mm or 12.05 inches. This gigantic Iron Pillar is expected to weigh around six tons. The fencing of this iron Pillar of Delhi was done in 1997 because visitors cause damage to it.

While once you visit, you will find many inscriptions on The Iron Pillar. The oldest inscriptions show the name of King Chandragupta II Vikramaditya in the Sanskrit language in the inverse form. No matter if this Iron Pillar stands in Delhi, but it is still a fact to know the original location of this pillar.

Iron Pillar History

Iron Pillar History

This rust-resistant Iron Pillar stands in the middle of Empty Square in Delhi from around 1600 years back. It is older than someone who can expect to non-rusting exposed iron. According to people, this pillar must have become a pile of dust in such long years. People usually think that this Iron Pillar must have come from another place and another time.

According to the history of the Iron Pillar of Delhi, the pillar was made in the memory of the King of the Gupta Period. It was also constructed to honor the important god of Hindus – Lord Vishnu. But still, it is not clear for which Gupta King, this pillar was made for. But always, people believed that the inscriptions on the pillar show the name of Chandragupta II, who ruled from 375 to 415 CE.

Who built the Iron Pillar?

old Iron pillar image

The purpose of building this Mehrauli Iron Pillar is still a big mystery. Many people believe that this pillar was a sundial in MP, while many believe it was in the memory of King. However, again, people do not know why it is not in MP these days. It is also a big mystery.

Still, no answer moved Qutub Minar, Iron Pillar, 1000 years ago. People do not know they someone has touched it and reason for this movement. However, one thing is clear that this pillar is part of Delhi for a long time back.

Relocation of Iron Pillar

People believed that the Iron Pillar was used as a Trophy to build the complex Qutb and the mosque Quwwat-ul-Islam. However, it is not yet sure if a pillar was moved from another original place to Delhi. However, many say that relocating the pillar occurred with Muslim rule in Delhi. According to the scholars, the movement of the Iron Pillar happened in 1300 CE.

However, the original location of the pillar causes a big debate between people in the present time too. According to the inscription, the pillar was made at Vishnupadagiri. However, when it was the Gupta period, Mathura was a center for Buddhism.

Many others ensure that The Iron Pillar got erected at Udayagiri as this pillar has a close association with the King and Hindu god Vishnu. Also, Udayagiri was famous for iron mining and working. Later, people said that King Iltumish must have brought this pillar to Delhi in the 13th century.

Iron Pillar Art and Architecture

Since the above, there is a physical description for Iron Pillar of Delhi. Here is the architecture of this famous mysterious pillar.

At the top of the pillar, there are adorned carvings. Iron Pillar is full of inscriptions carvings on its surface. There is a deep socket known as the base of Iron Pillar, and here state of Lord Garuda is fixed. Inscriptions of this mysterious pillar describe its origin. However, people are still not clear about its exact origin.

There is a prominent indentation from ground level at 400 cm in the middle of the Iron pillar. There is a sign of destruction, too, which is believed to be because of the firing of a cannonball from close. According to the Indian history, people thought that Nadir Shah has even ordered for Iron Pillar destruction in the year 1739. However, many have researched if some precious jewels are present in it.

The fascinating fact of Iron Pillar Mehrauli architecture is that it did not destroy even in 1600 years. Researchers have been working on it to find the reason behind it. Researchers believe that the material used to build this pillar is resisted to corrode. Many believe that it is the weather of Delhi, which did not pillar to rust and corrode. Delhi has a dry and less humid climate.

Inscriptions on Mehrauli Iron Pillar

Inscriptions on Mehrauli Iron Pillar

Iron Pillar is mostly known for its inscriptions. It has an engraving of several dates that are still not known despite the easy access and prominent location of this pillar.

Inscription of the King Chandra

The eldest inscription states the name of King Chandra, and it is identified to be of Gupta emperor Chandragupta II.
The total area covered under inscription is 2’99.5” x 10.5”. The ancient inscription on this Iron Pillar is all safe because the pillar has not destroyed yet.

However, some letters are imperfect due to some strokes. The inscription has verses in the Sanskrit Language. Also, some inscription is written in eastern Gupta script. The size of engraved letters ranges from 0.3125” to 0.5,” and these letters have a bit resemblance to the notes on the Allahabad pillar. However, mantras are different from both of them. The character edges are straight ones. The inscription of Delhi is on the hard material.

A short inscription is also associated with Tomara King. Also, the primary inscription is for King Chandragupta. But still, the date of the pillar is a matter of debate. However, many believed engraving is also in the memory of Hindu Lord Vishnu. This pillar is supposed to continue for many years ahead of being rust-resistant.

Scientific Analysis of Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar in Delhi

Wrought iron pieces are believed to be used for constructing the Iron Pillar. According to a report published, the pillar is rust-free because it has a passive film to protect the iron rust interface. Also, many believed that there is the presence of phosphorus in the metal, and thus, it has adapted according to the existing atmospheric conditions of Delhi.

Upon iron oxidation, Goethite and Lepidocrocite are first amorphous oxy-hydroxides appears. Rust rates are high initially, and then chemical reactions take place. With this second phase, particle formation takes place. With this slow passivation of iron takes place, which reduces its rusting.

The second phase particles start acting as a cathode, while metal itself acts as the anode, which would lead to mini galvanic corrosion. There is the formation of a passive protective film on a metal that does not let it rust and corrode. Hence according to scientific analysis, this is a reason why Iron Pillar is famous for being rust-free.

How to reach the Iron Pillar of Delhi?

You will find this pillar presently standing in the Qutub Complex in Mehrauli. You can easily reach the Iron Pillar using public transport. Also, you can visit city buses to the Qutub Complex. Also, many people prefer using the metro for the same.

For the tourists, it is advised to reach Qutub Minar Metro Station on its Yellow Line. This station is the nearest one to your destination. 

  • Address: Qutub Complex, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Nearest Metro Station: Qutub Minar Metro Station on Yellow Line is the Nearest Metro Station of Iron Pillar
  • Timings: 7 am–9 pm
  • Entry Fee: Rs. 35 for India and Rs. 500 for other countries

Conclusion

Man is only responsible for making and destroying. And this is the reason for fence formation around this iron pillar because of damage caused by the visitors to this place. However, it is good luck if one stands to show its back to the pillar and make his hands meet behind it.

However, a passive layer formed on the surface of iron would have destroyed if people would keep touching it. Also, due to this, you can see discoloration at the bottom part of the pillar. This led the keepers to make a fence around the pillar area such that no one would touch it.

Places to Visit near Iron Pillar:

References:

Feroz Shah Kotla Fort: Jinn Haunted History, Timings and Metro Station

feroz shah kotla fort

Delhi is a beautiful and fantastic place that provides various historical as well as haunting sites for the viewers. Delhi consists of monuments, parks, and multiple museums in different areas. The visitors will get amused after watching the whole of Delhi because the site is the best place for any planned trip.

Overview of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

feroz shah kotla fort information

The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort is one of the best places that gets visited by many tourists in the world. The site consists of the Ashokan pillar on the one side and Jami Masjid on the other side. The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort is a fortress fort that has built by Delhi sultanate during the 14th century.

The sultan Feroz Shah then named the fort by Ferozabad. The fort consists of various gardens, Baoli palaces, madrassas, and mosques, which get visited by most of the visitors. The place was in use when Mughals were facing a significant issue of water in their area named Tughlaqabad.

The most remarkable feature of the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Delhi is that it consists of Ashoka Pillar that is thirteen meters long. The pillar stands in a pyramid structure building, and it is a magnificent pillar. The fort consists of support that has brought by Shah from Ambala, and then it got engraved with lots of principals of Ashoka edicts.

History of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

feroz shah kotla fort history

The city of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Delhi got constructed during 1354, which gets considered as the capital of Delhi Sultanate during 1354. It consists of 13 meters long pillars named Ashoka pillars on its side.

These pillars have constructed by using polished sandstone, and it got installed in Sultanate’s fort by using three-tier pavilions. 

The Mughal’s built Feroz Shah Kotla Fort when they were facing a significant problem of shortage of water. Then they shifted from Tughlakabad to the Firozabad due to a lack of water in their area, and that is why a fort built near the Yamuna Nagar, which helped them solve the problem of water.

It consists of various places like Madrasas, gardens, palaces, and mosques that are very popular and exciting for sightseeing. The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort history provides an excellent blessing for djinns because the place is famous for its benefits and problem-solving.

The Architecture of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

feroz shah kotla fort

Feroz Shah Kotla is one of the most massive and ancient forts that consist of excellent architecture work. Much architecture, including Malik Ghazi and Abdul Hakk, designed the fort in such elegant ways that Feroz Shah Kotla fort architecture gets admired these days.

Both Malik Ghazi and Abdul Hakk have helped in building the polygon shape of the fort. Feroz Shah was the main person behind the building of a fort when their area was facing a significant problem of water supply. The fort has a built-in irregular shape on the side of the Yamuna River to get the problem provision of water.

Haunted Story of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

Haunted Story of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

People believe that Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Delhi is a very haunting place, and many recommend that visitors should not visit the area after sunset. The fort has a significant impact on Djinns, spirits, and ghosts that roam around the place after the sunset.

It has got constructed in the heart of the city that is behind the ITO press lane, and it is very near to Kotla Cricket Stadium. The local people get seen every Thursday that they offer milk and various products to djinns so that they can understand their wishes to come true. You can also find that many mentally disturbed people visit Feroz Shah Kotla Fort to get solace.

It gets said that djinns are shapeless that can get married and even can have kids, but they are formless, unlike humans. Visitors need to know that they are not like angels, and they can get bad as well as moody at any period. The remarkable fact is that bad djinns mainly prey on young women when they find them alone and on the roof while they were drying their hair.

The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort haunted place consists of many screaming voices that come out from the graves, and many visitors have claimed that they have slapped by invisible hands. Many people have also chased by mysterious winds that roam around the whole Feroz Shah Kotla Fort.

Things to see at Feroz Shah Kotla Fort:

Ruins of Palace:

feroz shah kotla fort image

The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort information includes that Ruins of Palace is a great place to visit inside the fort. The beautiful palace had got built by Mughla’s during the fourteen century when they were having a significant problem of water in their city. The famous Sultan Feroz Shah made the place which gets named as Ferozabad.

Pyramid Structure:

Pyramid Structure

The Ashoka Pillars have brought in the fort during 236 BC from Ambala, and then it was not easy to install the pillar in fort because of the large size of components. Thus, pyramidal structured with three-story was get made to establish the Ashoka pillar in the fort very smoothly and successfully. The black and white stones used to make the pyramidal structures, which consist of Kalash at the top.

Mosque (Jami Masjid):

Kotla Masjid

It is one of the oldest and largest mosques of the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort that gets still used by visitors. It has built by using an extreme series of underground quartzite stone that covers the limestone. The Jami Masjid consists of exciting surroundings that include large courtyards of cloisters and hall for prayers. These prayer halls have once used by the royal ladies of the 14th century, and the architecture of the Masjid supports as an excellent example of Tughluq structures.

Top Ashokan Pillar:

 

Ashokan Pillar

The 13-meter tall pillar has accurately placed on the north side of the Masjid that lies inside the fort. The Ashokan pillar of Meerut got rebuilt by Kolkata’s society after the explosion on the component, and then both of the Ashokan Pillars has completely wrapped with cotton silk. Then the pillars have transported by a large number of people on the carriage of 42 wheels to the Feroz Shah Tughluq so that they can prevent the components from any other damage.

Baoli:

 

Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Baoli

Baoli is a stepwell that lies on the northwestern side of the pillars of the fortress. It has got constructed in subterranean departments that lie on the vast gardens of the fort. It also consists of an underground canal that includes running water wells on the side.

It is a very famous Baoli of Delhi, which consists of a tank with the well. It is the old times; visitors were able to enter the Baoli from the north and east side, but now only the west side is accessible to join. You, as a visitor, can not enter the place because of some security reasons, but researchers can quickly enter the area after permission.

Prayers at the Fort:

Prayers at the Kotla Fort

The fort consists of a great crowd every Thursday because it gets believed that jinns descend in the place to fulfill the wishes of the people. The visitors can find that many dreams get written on the paper and then pinned on the walls of the fort within the premises.

Many people come to a fortress that is facing mental disorders because they find solace in the fort. The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort is not such an old place for the visitors because the first record of a large number of visitors has recorded after the end of an emergency.

How to reach Feroz Shah Kotla Fort?

It is effortless to take the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort nearest metro station that is ITO on Violet Line. You can easily make other transport systems like auto, taxi, and bus to reach the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort nearest metro.

The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort timings include the timings between the sunrise and the sunset. 

  • Address: Balmiki Basti, Vikram Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110002
  • Timings: 8:30 am–7 pm (all days)
  • Nearest Metro Station: ITO on Violet Line
  • Fee: Rs.30 and Rs.500 non-Indian

Conclusion

The grand fort of the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Delhi is very unusual because of its number of peculiarities. The visitors get great blessings from the jinns and the djinns. They can register their wishes to the walls of the fort because it gets believed that jinn fulfills their desires.

It would help if you visited the fort by Thursday because a jinni appears from heaven to consider all the preferences of the people. You can visit amazing sites like Baoli, gardens, and monuments like Masjid around the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort.

Places to visit near Feroz Shah Kotla Fort:

References:

Jahaz Mahal: Architecture and History of Jahaz Mahal Delhi

Jahaz Mahal

Delhi is a cosmopolitan city where the tourists can explore historical monuments to shopping malls. The visitors can look at multiple personalities in Delhi which are considered to be the city with a great heart.

Overview of Jahaz Mahal

Jahaz Mahal in Mehrauli, Delhi, is the real definition of extraordinary beauty, which serves as one of the best places for the tourists to visit. It is situated in the Mehrauli area; Delhi is one of the magnificent monuments which features some of the fantastic engineering and outstanding architecture.

The palace was built in-between the years 1453 and 1525 and is also known as ‘Sarai’ in the bygone times. The magnificent architecture of Jahaz Mahal occupies an effective expense in the Mehrauli, Delhi. The palace was constructed during the reign of the Lodi dynasty; Jahaz Mahal palace displays minute detailing as well as delicate Islamic art.

The palace in the Mehrauli area was mainly constructed to provide an accommodation facility to the travelers and pilgrims flocking to Delhi from places like Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Morocco, and Arab. The term Jahaz Mahal refers to “Ship Palace,” and this beautiful name is highly inspired by the placement of the monument near a lake named as known as Hauz-i-Shamsi.

Moreover, it is also known that the real reason behind the construction of the Jahaz Mahal was for creating a comfortable and beautiful summer resort for the royal Mughal rulers as well as their families.

History of Jahaz Mahal

History of Jahaz Mahal

Jahaz Mahal in Mehrauli was constructed around 200 years later during the Lodi period. Due to its reflection on the vast lake, it gets a ship-like appearance, and hence it was named Jahaz Mahal. The huge Hauz – i – Shamsi Lake, which is located next to the Jahaz Mahal Delhi, is an exciting mix of history as well as legend.

It is believed that the Prophet had arrived in the dream of Iltutmish and mentioned about the suggestible site of the historical tank. After that, Iltutmish visited the place and found the hoof marks of the horse, which was of the Prophet.

Iltutmish had the tank dug; also, in the center of the tank, he made a dome housing the stone with the footmarks of the Prophet’s horse. The chain traveler Iban Batuta was struck by the enormity of the tank.

In today’s time, the tank is a shadow of the past, and probably it has also reduced in size; the water looks dirty. The domed structure approached by a particular passage is perhaps a continued version of the one original one created by Iltutmish.

The Architecture of Jahaz Mahal

Architecture of Jahaz Mahal

Jahaz Mahal stands as a stunning specimen of Mughal architecture as well as a hotspot for the history lovers with its delightful architecture and embracing detailing. The most useful feature of Jahaz Mahal palace lies in its tangled carved structure with an eye-catching cenotaph ornamented with blue tiles. When the tourists enter the palace, they can see a rectangular courtyard along with the impressively arched chambers on all its sides.

The courtyard of the palace overlooks nature outside its mansion, and it is the most coveted area of the Jahaz Mahal architecture. The palace is visited by locals as well as tourists for sightseeing and relaxing after a tiring tour.

However, the flight of the palace stairs that once led to the main entrance from the southern end by a wooden bridge has now disappeared. Along with it, the entrance of the palace is through the eastern side.

The structure, as well as the architecture of Jahaz Mahal, is marvelous plus awe-inspiring as well when it comes to engineering work. The tiles of the Jahaz Mahal palace Mehraulli are well-constructed in an arranged way that amplifies sound like reverberates through the entire body of the palace.

Restoration of Jahaz Mahal

Restoration of Jahaz Mahal

Sometime between the late 15th century and early 16th century at the end of the Lodi dynasty plus at the beginning of the Mughal Empire, the Jahaz Mahal was built. The name of the palace was connoted to its unique location on the edge of Hauz-i-Shamsi.

Jahaz Mahal was initially created as a mosque for serving the pilgrims of Delhi. Jahaz Mahal history is also the venue for the annual flower exhibition named “Phool Walon Ki Sair” The Sultan of Delhi has started digging an oversized tank by following the divine command. The tank spreads over a whopping 4.5 acres in the area, which was completed around 1230.

Due to the several encroachments on the structure of the Jahaz Mahal, the beauty of the palace façade at the main entrance on the eastern side of the Jahaz Mahal is entirely diminished. When the tourists enter the palace, they will hit upon a rectangular courtyard along with the impressive arched chambers on every side.

Now the entrance of the Jahaz Mahal is through the eastern side. The moat, which once had covered Jahaz Mahal palace is now covered up to give the access of the palace.

Things to see:

Hauz Shamsi:

Hauz Shamsi

The water reservoir was built by the emperor of Delhi, named Sultan Shamshuddin Ittutmish, in 12230 AD. According to some popular belief, the sultan of Delhi has received an instruction from the Prophet to build a reservoir in Jahaz Mahal which was well-marked by the hoof of his horse.

Jahaz Mahal palace is an amalgam of Mughal, Hindu, Afghan, and Mesopotamian architectural styles which emulates the appearance of a mighty ship. That is why; Hauz-i-Shamsi has an in-depth spiritual significance in the lives of Delhi Muslims folks.

Jharna (Mughal Period Jharna):

Jharna Mehrauli

The Jharna is located to the east of Jahaz Mahal as well as Hauz-i-Shamsi within the Archaeological Park. The name Jharna means waterfall, and this was for long a water cascade going down the slope from the Hauz-i-Shami Mehrauli.

The Jharna complex has two gateways at the east and north side as well. The overflow at the reservoir, which cascaded down, was made as an integral part of the pleasure garden along with the concept of char bagh. The Jharna can be easily approached from the perpendicular street, which lies opposite the Jahaz Mahal.

There are various structures in the Jharna garden. The water does not flow through the garden as it has been entirely diverted to a stream to the south-east of the Jharna complex.

Aam Bagh:

Aam Bagh

Aam Bagh Mehrauli was once famous for its gardens as well as mango orchards. The place would serve as a tremendous royal retreat for the tourists who have stayed here during the times of monsoon, which was later followed by the British officers.

Qutab Minar:

Qutub Minar Information

It is an iconic monument that is entirely famous in Delhi, like no other. It forms a crucial part of the Qutub complex, which is situated in Mehrauli. The site is also an excellent venue for the annual three-day festival of Qutub, which gathers artists, musicians, and dancers as well.

Many tourists arrive here to explore history and spend a great time with family. Even foreigners have the curiosity to visit Qutub Minar for at least once in a lifetime. The structure of this monument has a variant architectural façade, which ranges from the time of Aibak and has existed to that of the Tughlaq dynasty.

Mehrauli Archaeological Park:

Tomb of Quli Khan

It is located in the west and south of the Qutb Minar complex. Mehrauli Archaeological Park contains step-wells, mosques, fortifications, tombs from the period of Mughals, Sultanate, Islamic, and Britishers. The park has a large number of monuments in the world in a single location.

The tomb and Kamali Jamali Mosque together form the main attractions of the Mehrauli Archaeological Park. It is the natural park where the tourists can find sculptures and crafts of ancient culture. Along with it, the park contains the most extensive collection of religious monuments. It will take around half a day to explore the entire park as it is widely spread with interesting monuments to look around.

How to reach Jahaz Mahal

The closest airport to Jahaz Mahal palace is Indira Gandhi International Airport which is Delhi Airport which and located around 12 Km from Jahaz Mahal. It takes about 30 mins approximately to travel between the places. The tourists can take a bus or choose the metro to reach Jahaz Mahal palace from Delhi Airport at cost-effective prices.

  • Nearest Metro Station: Qutub Minar is the nearest Jahaz Mahal Delhi nearest metro station, which is around 1.5 km away from the palace.
  • Timing: 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM
  • Fee: No
  • Address: Talaab lane, Aam Bagh, Khandsa Colony, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030

Conclusion

The Chatteris at Jahaz Mahal shows the delicate carvings. The recess, mihrab, on the western wall of the palace indicates a mosque. The arched chambers of Jahaz Mahal location promise serenity.

At the end of Mehrauli bazaar, it is quite close to Hauz-e-Shamsi open sunrise, whereas sunset at the nearest metro station Qutub Minar. It is a perfect palace which has yet forgot its existence. It is quite interesting to explore medieval history which lies behind Jahaz Mahal by visiting the palace in Delhi.

Places to visit near Jahaz Mahal

References:

 

Alai Darwaza: Built by Information, Images, History in Delhi

Alai Darwaza Delhi

The Alai Darwaza is the main gateway from the southern side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque in Mehrauli, Delhi. Alai Darwaza was built by the second Khilji Sultan of Delhi, Ala-Ud-din Khilji in 1311 AD, who also added a court to the pillared to the eastern side.

The domed gateway is decorated with red sandstone and inlaid white marble decorations, inscriptions in Naskh script, latticed stone screens and showcases the remarkable craftsmanship of the Turkic artisans who worked on it. This is the first building in India to employ Islamic architecture principles in its construction and ornamentation.

About Alai Darwaza

When visiting Qutb Minar, there are several other interesting attractions that you can see within the Qutb Complex, including the Alai Darwaza – the main gateway into the complex built between 1296 and 1316AD, making it one of the very oldest remaining ancient gateways to remain standing in Delhi.

Alai Darwaza is a domed gateway, providing entrance into the southern side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, which is now in ruins as Alai Darwaza built-in 1311AD. The gateway building was constructed with red sandstone, inlaid with white marble and elaborately decorated with carving and inscriptions. The building is noted for the splendid use of symmetry in its design.

Interestingly, it seems Alai Darwaza was the first of four large gates that Alla-Ud-Din Khilji who built Alai Darwaza intended to make for the city. Unfortunately, he died after its construction and before beginning work on the other three gates. Future rulers must not have shared his vision for the city as the remaining three gateways were never built, leaving Alai Darwaza on its own.

Overall, Alai Darwaza is a nice building, worthy of spending some time looking around. It’s one of several interesting attractions at the Qutb Minar Complex along with the mosque, Imam Zamin’s Tomb, the minaret – Alai Minar and the fascinating Qutb Minar structure.

Alai Darwaza Built by

Alai Darwaza

The Alai Darwaza, known as the jewel of Islamic architecture, is one of Delhi’s oldest doors, which was constructed by Alauddin Khilji, the second ruler of the Khilji dynasty of Delhi Sultanate, in 1311 AD, from the south of the Quwait-ul-Islam Mosque.

The construction of this historic Alai Darwaza was an integral part of the expansion of the Kawwat-ul-Islam-Masjid in the all-purpose Khilji’s project to beautify the Qutab Minar premises.

It was one of the four huge and grand entrance slots, which were completed, while the construction of the remaining three entrances was not completed, because before the construction of the other three gates, Alauddin Khilji who built Alai Darwaza, ruler of the dynasty, died in the year 1316 AD.

Alai Darwaza History

The Alai Darwaza is the main gate from the southern side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. A number of gates were built around Delhi over the centuries, in fact, some of the earliest ones in Delhi date back to the first half of the second millennium. By visiting there, you will know about every Alai Darwaza information.

Alai Darwaza is one of the oldest gates and is also one of the first buildings in India to be built using an Islamic architectural style. It is incredibly symmetrical and is indeed a gem of Indo-Islamic architecture.

Considered to be one of the most important buildings of its time, the Alai Darwaza is the first of four gates that Allaudin Khilji wanted to build. However, this ended up being the only Alai Darwaza gate that he did make as he died five years after this gate was constructed.

Alai Darwaza Architecture

Alai Darwaza

The pointed edges of the historic Alai Darwaza and spreading sparse edges are known as lotus buds, which connect it to the Quwait-ul-Islam mosque, in which it is used as an entrance gate.

Within the main Alai Darwaza architecture, there is a single hall, within which the length is about 35 feet and the width is 56.5 feet. The height of its roofed ceiling is 47 feet.

On the east, west and south sides, there are three pointed corners of the door, which are in the shape of the horse’s cord, while the entrance towards the north direction is of the native nature, while the arches are semi-circular. The entire structure of the Alai door looks quite arduous.

The Alai Darwaza, Delhi also includes a dome, the dome has been constructed entirely on scientific principles. On the basis of complex geometric calculations, the dome is made very sophisticated.

This dome is made on the octagonal basis. Plaster material has been used on the outer part of the dome so that it can be preserved and can be uniformed.

The point to note about the dome is that all the efforts before Sultan Iltutmish’s tomb were unsuccessful in forming this dome. In this regard, the dome of the Alai Darwaza is a remarkable achievement. Beautiful marble and red sandstone are beautifully carved around the Alai door, which is made by seeing.

Along with this, the well-worn latticed windows on both sides of the entrance are also maintained, and the decoration of this aristocratic Alai door is also very beautiful and attractive and gives you Alai Darwaza detail architectural information.

The artificial and design of the surface of this historic door are complementary to each other, which is made by itself. This door looks almost the same from both the left and right sides. All entry points and all the architectural features of Alai Darwaza in this historic building have been designed brilliantly.

The four arches of this gate are semi-circular. At the same time, there is a point in the middle of the gate, however, the homogeneity of this gate is almost like the rest of the gate. You also can see these from Alai Darwaza images. The whole shape of the Alai door looks quite arduous and impressive.

The length of the gate is 17 meters and the width is about 10 meters. The gate is about 3 meters thick. This gate was constructed very strongly by Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Khilji dynasty, so it took too much time to make it.

The magnificent and historic Alai Darwaza, built-in Delhi, is quite spectacular, people come from far away to see beautiful carvings and present condition of Alai Darwaza. The Alai Darwaza gate which is not only huge and magnificent, but it is also a unique model of Islamic architecture.

How to reach

Alai Darwaza

You have to reach the premises of Alai Darwaza in Delhi. You can reach the Alai Darwaza, Delhi via a local bus or by renting an auto-rickshaw and taxi.

  • Address – Aurobindo Marg, Qutub Minar Complex, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi – 110030.
  • Nearest Metro Station – Qutub Minar Metro Station(3Km away from the monument).
  • Timings – Open from 6 a.m. to 6.30 p.m. daily.
  • Entrance Fee – For Indians Rs. 35 & for Foreigners Rs.250. Free Entry for children up to 15 years old.

Conclusion

The Alai Darwaza is also known as the first monument that reveals the true and real Islamic imprints and hence is historical. Alai Darwaza’s present condition is still a remarkable one.

One of the most significant buildings made during the Delhi Sultanate era seen with domes pointed arches and beautiful carvings that add a royal charm to the nearby mosque and complex.

Places to visit near Alai Darwaza:

References:

 

Tomb of Iltutmish: Architecture and History of Iltutmish Tomb

Tomb of Iltutmish

Shams Ud-Din Iltutmish was the third of the Mamluk kings who ruled the former Ghurid territories in northern India. He was the first Muslim sovereign to rule from Delhi and is thus considered the effective founder of Delhi Sultanate.

The tomb of Iltutmish, Qutub Minar Complex, was built in 1235 A.D. It is situated just outside the north-west corner of the Quwwat-ul-Islam near the Qutub Minar. The central one of these is located higher than the other two and is profusely decorated with marble.

Inside the tomb of Iltutlish, there are three prayer niches. This tomb is quite simple, but its entrance is intricately carved with geometrical and arabesque patterns make it a beautiful example of India’s heritage to the world. Basically, the area surrounding the Qutub Minar is called Qutub Complex.

Tomb of Iltutmish History

Tomb of Iltutmish History

There have many important pieces of information about the tomb of Iltutmish. Qutbu’d-Din Aibak laid the foundation of Minar in AD 1199 for the use of the muezzin (crier) to give calls for prayer. In 1220, Aibak’s successor and son-in-law Iltutmish added three tiers to the tower.

It is the highest tower in India. In 1369, lightning destroyed its top tier completely and Firoz Shah Tughlaq carried out restoration work replacing the damaged tier with two new tiers every year.

There are many proverbs about the naming of this tower. Some historians say that it was named after the first Turkic sultan Qutub-Ud-din Aibak and some claims that it was named to honor Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, a saint.

It is surrounded by several historically significant monuments, which are historically connected with the tower and are part of the Qutub Complex. Tomb of Iltutmish information includes the Iron Pillar of Delhi, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Alai Darwaza, the Tomb of Iltutmish, Alai Minar, Ala-Ud-din’s Madrasa and Tomb. The iron pillar in the Qutub Minar complex has not rusted after some 2000 years.

This 4th-century pillar, originally made as a flagstaff in Vishnu’s honor, is a tribute to ancient Indian metallurgy. This 7m-high pillar stands in the courtyard of the mosque and it was here a long time prior to the mosque’s construction.

The Qutub Minar complex is large and includes Qutub Minar, Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Ala’i Minar, Ala’i Darwaza, Iron Pillar, Iltutmish’s Tomb. At the foot of the Qutub Minar stands the first mosque to be built in India, known as Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid.

Ala-Ud-din ensures the completion of the south gateway of the building, the Ala’i Darwaza; it was built of red sandstone in 1311 and located just southwest of the Qutub Minar.

Tomb of Iltutmish (Built-in 1235,) lies in the northwest of the compound, midway along the west wall of the mosque. It is the first surviving tomb of a Muslim ruler in India. It got the tag of the world heritage site in 1993. From this, you can know about the tomb of Iltutmish history too.

Tomb of Iltutmish Architecture

Tomb of Iltutmish delhi

Qutb Minar Complex, the tomb of Iltutmish was built in the early 13th century a few kilometers south of Delhi. The red sandstone tower of Qutb Minar is 72.5 m high, tapering from 2.75 m in diameter at its peak to 14.32 m at its base to give calls for prayer.

Its surrounding contains Alai-Darwaza Gate, the masterpiece of Indo-Muslim art (built-in 1311). The building process of Qutub Minar took a long time (about 75 years). Its construction was started by Qutub-Ud-din Aibak in 1193 and finished by Iltutmish.

Qutub Minar is known as the tallest brick minaret in the world. It is made of red sandstone and has Arabic inscriptions on it. The monuments in the Qutb complex in Mehrauli, pre-eminent among which is the Qutb Minar, illustrate the development of early Sultanate architecture (13th and early 14th century).

The tomb of Iltutmish architecture is basically an Indo Islamic architecture. Situated at a site which was earlier a center of the Rajput Tomars and Chauhans, the complex is a UNESCO World Heritage site: though most structures are in ruins, they are nonetheless awe-inspiring and give a sense of what their grandeur would have been when intact.

But with so much cultural heritage tied to one monument, it would be a shame to visit and not appreciate the story of the tomb of Iltutmish history behind it.

How to reach Iltutmish Tomb

tomb of iltutmish architecture

Qutub Minar is a very famous monument located in Mehrauli, Delhi. It is easy to reach Qutub Minar by local bus, metro or taxi. The historical information about the tomb of Iltutmish gives you goosebumps.

  • Address – Aurobindo Marg, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi – 110030.
  • Nearest Metro Station – Qutub Minar Metro Station (3Km away from the monument)
  • Timings – Daily 7a.m. – 10p.m.
  • Entry Fee – Rs. 35 for Indians and Rs. 250 for foreigners.

There are some other famous monuments around Qutub Minar in the Qutub Complex that deserve to be visited. Early morning is the best time to visit Qutub Minar. Weekends often get too crowded so it’s better to visit during weekdays.

Conclusion

Qutub Minar Complex has always been shrouded in mysteries galore and conflicting views. According to historians, the minaret was named after Qutb-Ud-din Aibak. As you enter, the tomb of Iltutmish architecture, the glorified plaques greet you giving you the slice of history and what Qutub Minar stands for.

But Qutub Minar is many things for many people. It has been elevated to a different rank and entered the realms of romantics. What with many fine dining, swish eating houses in Mehrauli offering its patrons the moonlit views of the minaret establishing the monument as one of the most idyllic places in the city. Visit and know about the tomb of Iltutmish information.

Places to visit near the Tomb of Iltutmish

References:

Khooni Darwaza: History, Architecture and Haunted Story in Delhi

khooni darwaza

Khooni Darwaza is the place that associates with scary and ghost stories. It means “Bloody Gate” made up of quartzite stone, which has three staircases and is 15.5 meters high gate. The three stairgates further lead to the levels.

As the name suggests, Khooni Darwaza has an association with the ghost sightings and the supernatural presence. However, the ghost at this place is different than other stories. The ghost at this place only frightens white people and foreigners. Why don’t you plan your trip to this place?

History of Khooni Darwaza

khooni darwaza delhi

Sher Shah Suri built Khooni Darwaza in Delhi. Khooni Darwaza Delhi is the gates constructed with the Mughal-Afghan architectural style in the 1540s.

At that time, it was known as Lal Darwaza, and later it continued to be famous with this name. But after the empire of Jahangir, the gate became the point of unfortunate events and violence and then earned its present name as Khooni Darwaza.

This gate is sturdy that showcased its survival through Mughal and British periods. The gate got it’s named after the British Army killed primary princes of the Mughals. Jahangir contributed to the long history of this gate for being known to spread violence and gore where his two sons got murdered.

Presently, it is a place to explore historical stories but cannot enter inside. You need special permission to go inside this building and thus search for history. Khooni Darwaza has long use for illegal activities. Prostitutes and drug addicts are mainly found at this place.

Khooni Darwaza Delhi Architecture

history of khooni darwaza

Khooni Darwaza is the double-story gate that is made up of quartzite stone, which is 15.5 meters high. This gate has three flights of the three staircases, which have a link with many historical stories. These gates further lead to different other gate levels.

The frames of the window are made from red sandstone. The walls of the gate are to show the decapitated head of the criminals. People believe that Khooni Darwaza is 50 feet high and also it is considered as a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey in India.

Khooni Darwaza Haunted Story

khooni darwaza delhi haunted

The history of Khooni Darwaza haunted is quite fascinating to note. The Khooni Gate itself and the people can better explain to you about the place. This gate is very famous for being known as Khooni Darwaza Delhi Haunted.

There is one particular ghost to haunt this place and especially the white people. It is because of the Khooni Darwaza History with Mughal-British time.

This gate is named so because of bloodbaths committed on the premises. The emperor Jahangir ordered to kill his two sons. Later the birds have eaten their bodies left over to rot. Aurangzeb also hanged his elder brother to the gate after he expelled his father Shahjahan from Delhi Throne.

Dara’s head display is at the Khooni Darwaza Delhi. In 1739 AD, Khooni Darwaza is believed to have experienced many bloodsheds. At that time, Delhi got ransacked by Nadir Shah. However, many people say that this incident is of some other gate that has the same name near Chandni Chowk.

Another incident noted with the gate is the murder of son and the grandson of Bahadur Shah Zafar by Britisher, Major Hudson. Again in 1947, the gate had seen the bloodshed. Refugees got murdered at that place as they were moving towards the camp in the Old Fort.

The entrance is hidden by the trees with a watchman sitting to guard it. The entry to the gate is prohibited today after an incident in 2002. According to the people, Khooni Darwaza Haunted with many bloodstains in the realm of spirits. You can find the clue from the walls.

Local people say that thousands of ghosts haunt this place. People say they got pushed and slapped by an unseen and unknown entity.

There is a negative feeling around this Khooni Darwaza. In the past years, this gate was related to Muslim Cemetery. But after 2002, a guard is sitting near the entrance to protect the miss-happening of some criminal activity.

Seeing these bloodsheds, Khooni Darwaza Delhi Haunted many people around, especially the white people.

The Killing of Mughal Princes

khooni darwaza haunted

Khooni Darwaza got built in the 1540s by Sher Shah Suri. The original name of this gate was Lal Darwaza until Emperor Jahangir did not let a violent and unfortunate event to occur there. After that, the name got named Khooni Darwaza.

There is a Khooni Darwaza Haunted story that local people generally talk about it. Sher Shah Suri would not have thought that in the future, this gate will be a place where people will be murdered.

It is a story of two sons of Jahangir that continued to be known to date with a history of violence and gore. Jahangir ordered to kill two sons of Rahim Khan as they got accused of being traitors.

The son of Bairam Khan, Rahim Khan, acted to be Akbar’s regent and helped him. After the assassination of Bairam Khan, Akbar married his widowed and then Akbar gave importance to Rahim Khan in his court. Rahim got the position of being the Navratnas of Akbar. Rahim Khan was the stepbrother of Jahangir and the stepson of Akbar.

Jahangir has tried to march upon his father, Akbar, and Rahim Khan went into a fight with him. Rahim had equal rights on the empire and more than Jahangir, which lead to disliking.

Later, Jahangir accused the sons of being traitors and ordered to kill them. He hanged them on the gate, and the bodies were left there to rot by the birds.

How to Reach Khooni Darwaza Delhi Haunted?

Khooni Darwaza in Delhi

Khooni Darwaza Haunted Place in Delhi is easy to visit by road. The gate is around 18 kilometers from Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi. This gate is located on Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, which is around 2 kilometers away from Daryaganj Market.

Address: Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg Balmiki Basti, Vikram Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110002 

Nearest Metro Station: Khooni Darwaza nearest metro station is ITO in Violet Line

Timing: 24hrs open every day.

Entry Fee: Free for everyone.

Conclusion

Khooni Darwaza, also known as Bloody Gate, was built by Sher Shah Suri in 1540. This gate has many mysteries related to each other that turns this place haunted

This gate is about 15.5 meters high, which is about 50 feet. Today this gate is closed after the incident of 2002. On the walls, you can see the bloodstains of the murdered people who got hanged on the entrance or were killed nearby.

The stories of ghost haunt the place because t is a belief of the locals and the people visiting that the ghost primarily haunts white people.

If you are planning for a Delhi trip, then it is good to visit Khooni Darwaza to know its history and the Indian history that lasts from Mughal time.

Places to visit near Khooni Darwaza

References:

Sultan Ghari: All About Sultan Ghari Tomb Delhi

Sultan Ghari in Delhi is situated in the pocket 9 in Vasant Kung. This was constructed by Iltutmish, Qutbuddin Aibak’s slave, and this was built for his eldest son.

This tomb represents the very first tomb which was constructed for a Muslim royal in the northern sector of India at the time of the out-of-date period. This is one of the most popular tombs in Delhi and this is a must-watch place as you come to Delhi.

Overview

This is a beautiful example of architecture located in the capital city of India and one has to travel to Malakpur Kohli village to reach here.

The most beautiful things of the structure of the tomb is very attractive and the architecture here will surely impress you. This is a very elegant structure and many people from all over the world come here to see this historical beautiful structure.

This is an impressive place and if you plan your Delhi tour then this is a must-add item in your to-do list. There are many attractions nearby and you can cover them as per the time that is available to you.

This place is a mixture of Persian and oriental designs structure. Qutab Minar is a nearby place and that is located in Mehrauli and this was constructed in 13 century.

You can also add to your list some other important nearby attractions like Adham Khan’s tomb, Gandhak ki Baoli, etc. Also, there are many nearby markets where you can have a wonderful shopping experience. You can enjoy your shopping in these markets.

Sultan Ghari’s History

Sultan Ghari’s History

This tomb has a very good history and as per the history Iltutmish’s son, Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud, who was more famous as Sultan Ghari has fought many wars in order to save the empire. He was the most liked child of Iltutmish.

Mahmud was also thronged as the Governor of Lachnauti, which was known as Dhaka at that time. Then the prince in the year 1229 and this has happened because the climate of Bengal did not suit him.

He fell so sick that he died due to it. Iltutmish, who controlled the empire could not come out of the shock of the death of Sultan Ghari. After some time, he could recover from it and he decided to construct the tomb for his son.

Thereafter, Iltutmish delegated his eldest son prince Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud to fight Iwaz. In the war, Iwaz was trounced in 1227 AD with the nobles.

Then Prince Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud, was appointed as a governor of Lakhnauti province and then merged the original area of Oudh with Bihar and Bengal and then build capital at lakhnauti.

The prestige of his son was then enhanced and as a gift, he was given the title ‘Malik-us-Sharq’ (king of the East) by Iltutmish.

Sultan Ghari’s Architecture

Sultan Ghari’s Architecture

Sultan Ghari in Delhi has very beautiful architecture and this place will remind you about many of the architectural principles of Hindu places of worship even though it was actually built in adoration of a Muslim prince.

It was built of a stone with some golden tinge and support that is 3 meters long. This is a big construction spread across an area of around 23.6 square meters. This has a unique octagonal shape, and this is located in the heart of a closed area.

The place contains walls on the northern and southern side and there are colonnades on sandstone pillars on eastern and western sides. The colonnades in the western corner are utilized as a mosque as there is a place made up of marble and pillars that are used for the prayers. The corridors are being utilized as a madrasa- a place.

This tomb is constructed on the site of a Pratihara era site and this is similar to the images and structures present in the old times Hindu temples and this also the chamber of the tomb is supported by the floor towers those are raised by a pair of pillars that support the middle beam that shows the old relics of old temples on the columns and also the floor.

The ceiling of this place rests on the column those are raised with the help of two pillars each of them robbed from old Hindu shrine and carved the lintels from other places were seen in the thick lime concerted roof.

The other pieces were used inside the ceilings that were embedded in the lime-concrete roof. Later the tomb was renovated by Firoz Shah Tughluq.

Restoration Works

Sultan Ghari

The heritage zone is extended to 25 ha (61.8 acres), and this is zoned according to the topographical features so that proper restoration is done.

To restore the place which is declared as a grade-A monument by Indian national trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), the Delhi Urban Heritage Foundation made a plan that combined restoration works with the creation of wonderful settings in order to make out the ancient beauty.

The grave has started the plan under the implementation by DDA (Delhi Development Authority) The DDA has also undertaken some other construction works:

Entrance Towers Built by DDA:

Sultan Ghari

The entrance gates were built with sulfur sandstone that goes well with the settings of Sultan Ghari’s tomb by adopting the same kind of technique as that was used for the dome buildings.

100 m of the limited area and 200 m of the ruled area are demarcated and enclosed, and four different paths are built that go to the main tomb. There is a water harvesting plan that is changed to partially meet the water needs to water the plants and trees in the park that is located around the tomb.

ASI’s control is there only up to 300 m from the tomb as the remixing zone around it is there for urban development by Army.

The plan of the tomb structure is unique and different. This is in like a country yard and looks different from any other tombs of ancient times. This is constructed over a raised plant of some height in the rubble masonry work.

The place is in octanol shape and it has four corner towers over a cave known as Ghar which is on the opposite side of the western Qibla of the mosque. This is a combination of the overground tomb that comes with towers and there is an underground chamber for crypt.

Worship at the tomb (Mosque)

Sultan Ghari in Delhi

This is a place for devotees of both Hindu and Muslim religions and these people believe this place as dargah of a saintly ‘peer’. This is a very holy and peaceful place, and this is a must for newlyweds from the nearby villages.

This place is nurtured nicely by locals than then Archaeological Survey of India who are on paper custodians to keep the heritage structure. Thursday there is special worship for the devotees.

Every year on the 17th day of the Islamic month of Ziqad (the month that comes between Ramadan and Eid festivals), the “Urs (death anniversary) of Nasiruddin Shah” is there when the pilgrims from all corners of Delhi come to visit the tomb. This is one of the most popular places in Delhi.

How to Reach Sultan Ghari’s Tomb:

Sultan Ghari in Delhi

If you want to come here, then you can come to her by bus as this is located in the southern part of the capital city.

One can also take a cab or auto or even this place is accessible by metro rail. You can also make use of buses or any other modes of transports here.

  • Nearest metro station

Sultan Ghari’s tomb nearest metro is R.K. Puram in Magenta Line.

  • Timings:

You can come here on any day between 7 a. m to 5.p.m.

  • Address

Garhi’s Tomb Road, Ruchi Vihar, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, Delhi 110070

  • Ticket

Sultan Ghari’s tomb entry ticket is Rs.25 for India and Rs. 500 for others.

Conclusion

This is a place with historical importance, and this is finely located in Vasant Kunj. This was constructed in 1231 CE by Iltutmish which was the third king of the slave dynasty. This place was then reconstructed by Feroz Shah Tughlaq.

This is an octagonal grave chamber that lies underground, and the level is fenced with the rubble packing. Sultan Ghari is placed in Malakpur Kohi village on the Mehrauli–Mahipalpur Road, and this one of the most important destinations to see in the capital city.

You can reach to this place using any suitable modes of transport, maybe train, metro, taxi or rickshaw. If you are planning a Delhi tour, then you must include this place in your plan.

Places to visit near Sultan Ghari’s Tomb

References:

Sunder Nursery: Sunder Nagar Delhi Timings, Tickets & Nearest Metro

sunder nagar nursery

The location of Sundar Nursery, adjacent to the tomb complex of Humayun and Nizam Dinh Basti, is mainly along the Mughal main road that connects the important monuments. Landscape Design aims to improve the nursery’s historical characteristics, attract visitors, and provide a perfect pedestrian connection with Humayun To.

This project creates a truly urban-scale important landscape space derived from the traditional Indian concept of harmony of nature, gardens, and utilities, and the conservation of the environment. Sundar Nursery is designed by landscape architect Late M Shaheer. It has an ornamental central view of 550 m starting from the entrance to Humayun Tomb.

Sunder Nagar Nursery History

Sunder Nagar Nursery History

It was established in the early 20th century when the Imperial Delhi complex was being planned and the construction was done. Sunder nursery was used as a place to the reproduction of trees and other plants that are used in the new capital city, and also for testing species brought from other parts of the World, and picked those species which successfully survived in Delhi’s harsh climate.

To the south of Sunder Nursery Delhi is the World Heritage Site of Humayun’s Tomb (above) and to the north is the historic Pranakira (below), alongside the historic Grand Trunk Road in the west. Originally it is founded in the early 20th century when the Imperial Delhi Complex was planned and built.

It is used as a place to disseminate trees and other plants used in the new capital. As well as a place to test species brought in from other parts of India and abroad and select those that succeed in the harsh climate of Delhi. Many of these trees are still in bloom, although some of them can only be seen in the city. Other parts, perhaps inappropriate and not used at all, are found as rare specimens only inside the nursery.

In fact, a Sunder Nursery Delhi is an archaeological place. In addition to pavilions, tombs, tomb bases, wells, and mosque bases, there are scattered Mughal structures, including three nationally protected monuments.

Sundar Nursery Architectural and Restoration

Restoration

 Sunder Nagar Nursery Delhi is competing with the ornamentation on the internal wall surfaces was cleaned to expose the original details, and missing incised plasterwork was reconstructed following the original pattern. Missing lime punning was replaced with new lime punning.

Lakkarwala Burj, like Sundar Burj, has Quranic inscriptions, which too were restored in matching the style of calligraphy. The parapet over the lower arcade required to be partially dismantled and rebuilt. Sandstone lattice screens in the eight arched openings in the neck of the dome and the four openings over the doorway were restored.

Following works carried out on the ceiling and the internal wall surfaces in 2010, conservation works on the façade commenced in late 2011. The decorative edging of the arched openings was restored, and the upper plinth was paved in red sandstone. Paving has been laid in a generous slope for effective drainage ensuring minimum damage to the structure. The entire stone floor surface has been hand dressed by craftsmen.

Restoration work

Following that, detailed architectural documentation, condition mapping and the landscaping proposal for the 17-acre complex were prepared. Conservation Plan was approved by the Director-General, ASI in early 2011, which was further discussed at Core Committee meetings. Conservation works commenced in November 2011 with a scientific clearance of earth to reveal the foundation of missing portions of the enclosure wall.

During the later part of the 20th century, it had substantially deteriorated. The tomb has been partially restored now on the basis of the pictures of the structure as it existed during the 1960s, old drawings and from an examination of the features of the existing parts.

Things to See in Sunder Nursery Delhi

  • Birds:

In Sunder Nursery Delhi, we will get 80 different species of birds that have been located in the area through bird mapping. In 2014, Ultramarine Flycatcher which is seen rarely was spotted in the park, it is a bird that was never seen before in New Delhi for many years.

  • Trees of Sundar nursery:

Sunder Nursery is Delhi’s first arboretum. It is home to some rare trees such as a Pink Cedar, the only one in Delhi. Various other trees in the nursery are also only found here and nowhere else in Delhi such as Chukka (Croton Roxburghii) and Carrotwood (Cupaniopsis Anacardioides).

  • Butterflies:

Along with birds, we are able to many species of butterflies in the sunder nursery, some of them are rarely seen by anyone before. In Sunder, you can find a variety of butterflies. If you visit the Sundar nursery then you can see a variety of butterflies in every corner of the nursery.

Things To Do in Sunder Nursery Delhi

1. Sunder Burj

Sunder Burj

It is located in the axis with the entrance of Sunder Nursery Delhi stands the tomb which is now referred to as Sunder Burj. Its plasterwork of the ceilings is unique. This building was built during the 16th century by the Mughal.

Now it is among the World Heritage Site Buffer Zone. If one reaches here he can watch unique work on the walls. At the time of the British, there is a plantation in the nursery. The Sunder Burj needs some repairing work to restore the unique look, square with chamfered edges, and also to stop any further decompose resulting from the loss of structural fabric

2. Lakkarwala Burj

Lakkarwala Burj

The Lakkarwala Burj is set amidst a rose garden and overlooks the park lake replacing the overgrown and unsightly space it had become. The monuments itself required three years of painstaking conservation to restore missing elements such as the geometric incised plaster patterns and the parapet kangaroos.

This Lakkarwala Burj is set in the rose garden of the Sundar nursery. Wall of the Lakkarwala Burj has red sandstone work which gives it a unique look. It is built during the 16th century and from time to time repair work is done on this Burj.

3. Sundarwala Mahal

Sundarwala Mahal

This is built as a tomb, due to inappropriate preservation methods in the 20th century, a number of key architectural features have been not seeing. Because of improper maintains till the 1920s the enclosing walls of the SUNDARWALA MAHAL had completely disappeared but the gateway of the building is still there.

Till 1920 enclosing walls of the Sundarwala mahal get disappear. Four of the northern curve now remain while severe and rapid worsening on the other sides has resulted in the biased or complete loss of a number of the arches – consolidation with cement mortar has not detained the decay as the arches were structural elements.

4. Mirza Muzaffar Hussain’s Tomb

Mirza Muazzafar Hussain's Tomb

It is standing to the north of the Humayun’s Tomb World Heritage Site. This Tomb shows the architectural design of Mughal time. The tomb of Mirza Muzaffar Hussain is the principal tomb in the complex and it is still in better condition compare to another tomb.

Located north of the World Heritage site of the Humayun Tombs, the “Batashewala Complex” includes two tombstone enclosures from the Mughal era, containing three nationally important sanctuaries protected by the Archaeological Service of India.

They are an important part of the Mughal necropolis of the 16th century, adjacent to the Dargah of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya, the 14th-century Sufi saint venerated for seven centuries.

5. Mughal’s Tomb

Mughal’s Tomb

This tomb is a tall structure inside the nursery and is situated in the eastern part of the Battashewala Complex. It is constructing with stonework over a raised fort type platform. It is spread over a large area. It is 100 meters tall and 60 meters in width. It is a vaulted structure with rich decoration.

This tomb is a tall structure and is located in the eastern part of the Battashewala complex. It is built with stone masonry on a raised platform of strong type. It is 100 meters long and 60 meters wide. It is a domed structure with rich decorations. Part of the structure has collapsed, the restoration work was done in a planned way.

6. Chota Batashewala

Chota Batashewala

Chota Batashewala exit inside the nursery and just east of Mirza’s tomb. It is said that it was richly decorated. It is a Mughal-era structure that is designed by the Mughal emperor. It has an octagonal central chamber and it is standing on a platform that is approximate 3 feet high.

The central apartment of Chota Batashewala was equipped with four doors. During construction near the Chota Batahsewala, it was clear that the platform of Chota Batahsewala stood directly over the earth. After finding out this issue an earth mound is planned ll around the Chota Batahsewala to give it stability.

How to Reach Sunder Nursery Delhi

Sunder Nursery Delhi

It is very convenient to reach here as the transportation facility is available from every corner of Delhi, either you are coming from your own convenience or from public transport. We can easily get transport services from Delhi to visit Sunder Nagar Nursery. We can either go by Car, Metro or local bus.

Sunder Nursery Delhi Nearest Metro Station

You can use the mentioned metro line for visiting Sunder Nagar Nursery, pink line, and violet line. The nearest metro station to sunder Nursery is JLN Stadium metro station and Indraprastha Metro station.

If staying in or traveling to Delhi, do drop by. There is a nominal entry ticket and the place opens at sunrise and closes at sunset. The nearest metro stations should be Jangpura and Nizamuddin railway station. Paid parking is also available at a convenient distance away.

Sunder Nursery Timings:

Sunder Nursery, Delhi timings are from 9 am to 4 pm. In summers one can easily have a visit in the morning, otherwise, in winter, you can enjoy the sun rays afternoon in the park. You will definitely love going there in the greenery area, you won’t even realize what time it is.

Sunder Nursery entry Fees:

The entry fees of the Sunder Nagar Nursery Delhi varies like, For Indian or SAARC citizen, it is Rs 35. For children between the age of 5 to 12 years, the entry ticket is Rs 15. For senior citizens, people who are above 60 years the ticket will cost Rs 15.

One can even create an annual pass to visit Sunder Nursery which will cost you Rs 3000 annually.

If any foreign tourist is visiting, they have to pay Rs 100 per head as Sunder Nursery Ticket. Entry is free for children below 5 years and for disabled persons.

The wheelchair is also available in case anyone needs it, which is free of cost.

Conclusion

Sunder Nursery is among one of the most amazing revolution stories of the capital of the nation. It has been converted from a forgotten and uncared space to a treat in lush greenery interspersed with water bodies and medieval architecture painfully restored.

So if you want to enjoy a good time in Delhi, then you must visit Sunder Nursery. It is the best place where you can enjoy a peaceful moment. Also if you visit you can find out Mughal time architectural buildings. So plan your Sunder Nursery visit during your next holiday.

Places to Visit near Sunder Nursery

References:

Humayun Tomb: Timing, History, Ticket and Metro Station Delhi

Humayun's Tomb

One of the most magnificent tombs is built in Delhi, India’s Capital. Humayun tomb Delhi is famous for Humayun who was the Mughal Emperor. It is the first and most beautiful garden tomb in India built as per the Mughal architecture.

It is one of the preserved monuments and most significant monuments located in East Delhi. This monument attracts tourists from all over the world. So this tomb is a famous tourist attraction of the Capital of India’s Delhi. It is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites in Delhi. It was the first architectural built during Akbar’s reign. Begum Haji is the one who built the Humayun Tomb.

There are 38 World Heritage sites in India. It is said to be World’ Heritage as in shows the culture and tradition of natural Heritage of the World. Humayun Tomb built by using many innovations with a set at the center of luxurious gardens with water fountains was the event after the monument to the Taj Mahal, built a century later.

It was built in 1570 and was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Monument in 1993 for its cultural importance.

It was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993 and that is a Humayun Tomb Fact and since then it has experienced extensive rebuilding work, which is complete Besides the main tomb enclosure of Humayun Tomb Delhi, several smaller monuments give the pathway to it, from the main entrance in the West, including one that even pre-dates the main tomb itself, by twenty years. The complex encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun. The site was chosen on the banks of Yamuna River.

Some information about Humayun Tomb is discussed here. So that once you will visit Humayun Tomb, you are well informed about Humayun Tomb History, and will get some knowledge about Humayun Tomb facts.

Humayun Tomb History

Humayun Tomb History

The tomb’s design was decided by Humayun’s first wife and Empress Bega Begum also known as Haji Begum who was the Chief consort in 1569-70 and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son, Sayyid Muhammad, Persian architects were chosen by Haji Begum are the ones who built Humayun Tomb.

After the death of Humayun on 27 January 1556, Humayun’s body was buried in his palace in the old fort in Delhi. Thereafter it was taken to Sirhind in Punjab by Khanjar Beg and in 1558, it was seen by Humayun’s son, the then Mughal Emperor, Akbar subsequently visited the tomb in 1571, when it was about to be completed.

Construction began in 1565 and was completed in 1572, it cost 1.5 million rupees which was paid entirely by the Empress.

Bega Begum had been so grieved over Humayun’s death that she dedicated her whole life to a sole purpose that was the construction of a memorial to him than would be the most magnificent monument in the Empire which was at a site near the Yamuna River in Delhi.

According to a 16th-century detailed document written during the reign of Akbar, Bega Begum supervised the construction of the tomb after returning from Mecca and undertaking the Hajj pilgrimage.

According to Abd-al-Qadir, one of the contemporary historians to mention the construction of the tomb. It was designed by the Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas who was selected by the Empress and brought from Herat, North Afghanistan.

He had previously designed several buildings in Herat, Bukhara (now Uzbekistan), and others elsewhere in India. Ghiyas died before the structure was completed and it was completed by his son.

Some English merchants, William Finch, who visited the tomb in 1611, says that there is a rich interior furnishing of the central chamber in comparison to the sparse look. The fortunes of the once famous Charbagh, Four-gardens made of four squares separated by four promenades, radiating from a central reflection pool.

It spread over 13 hectares surrounding the monument, changed repeatedly over the years after its construction. The capital got shifted to Agra in 1556 and the decline of the Mughals increased the decay of the monument and its features, as there was expensive keep up for gardens. By the early 18th century, one garden was replaced by a vegetable garden for the people who had settled within the walled area.

Humayun Tomb New Delhi

In August 1947, the Old Fort together with Humayun Tomb built by Begam Hazir became major refugee camps for Muslims who were migrating to the newly founded Pakistan and was later managed by the government of India.

These camps stayed open for about five years and caused considerable damage not only to the extensive gardens but also to the water channels and the principal structures. Eventually, to avoid vandalism, the cenotaphs within the mausoleum were encased in brick.

In the coming years, the Archaeological Survey of India took on responsibility for the preservation of heritage monuments in India, and gradually the building and its gardens were restored. Humayun Tomb history had a major impact on Mughal’s reign

An important phase in the restoration of the complex began around 1993 when the monument was declared a World Heritage Site. This invited some new interest to its restoration, detailed research, and excavation process began under the time of the Aga Khan Trust and the ASI. This culminated in 2003 when much of the complex and gardens were restored, with the historic fountains running once again after several centuries of disuse.

Humayun Tomb Architecture

Humayun Tomb Architecture

Humayun Tomb architecture is altogether different from other monuments. When we enter Humayun Tomb, Delhi it is through a long basic track. On the other way, there are gateways that give a brief look at the tomb. The tomb is octagonal in shape and placed over a platform with colonnades, under which there are numerous graves of lesser-known people and can be ascribed to various nobles and workers of Humayun’s period.

A great central chamber has four offsets, double-storeyed in height and with an arcade on their facades. Their openings closed with perforated screens. Three sensitive arches dominate each side and the central one is the highest. The monument of the emperor Humayun is in the central room and his queen Bega Begum. The tomb is crowned by 42.5 m high colossal double dome.

The main funerary box is situated in the central hall, oriented – in accordance with Muslim practice on the north-south axis. Traditionally, the body is placed with the head to the north, the face turned sideways towards Mecca. The dome is what is called a full-dome, a complete semi-circle that is a special feature of Humayun Tomb Architecture.

The structure is made up of red stones but borders are made up of white and black marbles. It is based on the description of Islamic paradise gardens, it is known to have inspired the Taj Mahal and many other Mughal tombs. It is known as Charbagh and it is based on grids.

The central arch on each side opens on to an ascending staircase. To the east of the southern stair, a horizontal passage leads to the actual tomb below the monument. The left out arches open into cells, most of which contain after and subsidiary tombs.

The floor of the terrace is made with red sandstone and contains a number of unidentified graves. The octagonal tomb’s chamber rises through two stories and is surrounded by smaller chambers at the diagonal points. These chambers also house a number of other tombstones, making Humayun’s members almost a family one.

The central hall containing the cenotaph is roofed by a double dome carried on squinches, with plastered interlace in the spandrels. It is in three layers, of which the center is a gallery and the uppermost is a clerestory. Most of the openings are filled with sandstone grilles. In between each wing of the diagonal sides of the central tomb lie the great arched lobbies that dominate the exterior elevation.

Humayun's Tomb structure

Humayun’s Tomb was the first monument who used a double dome. Persian builders, gave a building an imposing exterior height but kept the ceiling of the central hall in proportion with the interior heights. The dome is also remarkable in that it is the first major full dome to be seen in India. Earlier domes were not full in the sense that their shape never traced a full semi-circle.

The outer dome of Humayun’s Tomb is covered with marble. It is supported by chhatris above the wings and portals. These, historians believe, served as a madrasa or college in the days when the tomb was a living monument. The chhatris serve the added purpose of masking the drum from view.

A double dome is composed of two shells, with a gap between the two layers. The walled enclosure is entered through two gates that is the main gate to the south, which is now closed, and a less imposing west gate. The south gate is-a towering 15.5 meters high.

It stands on a podium approached by a flight of five steps. The ground floor comprises a central hall, octagonal and domed, with rectangular wings. There are square and oblong rooms on the first floor of the gateway. The gate is flanked externally by screen-walls with arched recesses.

Adjoining the south gate is a compound on the west, 146 meters by 32 meters, built against the exterior face of the main enclosure-wall. It contains a verandah with 25 arched entrances and was possibly meant to accommodate the many attendants of the royal tomb. There is another dilapidated building flanking the eastern side of the gate externally.

The west gate, by which visitors now enter the tomb-enclosure, also stands on a podium with five steps and is two stories high. It consists of a 7 meter-square central hall, with square side-rooms on the ground floor, and oblong rooms on the first.

It is approached from the front and back through portals 10.7 meters high. The gate is flanked externally with arched recesses and measures 15 meters from the floor level to the parapet. It is surmounted at the outer angles by small chhatris 1.5 meters square.

It contains a tank which is like about one meter across, and the room appears to have been a hammam or bath. It is plastered but undecorated. Behind this pavilion, on the north side of the enclosure-wall is a rubble-built circular well, which supplied water both to the bath and the channels of the char bagh. Humayun tomb images are worth watching, architecture is very beautiful.

Humayun Tomb Restoration

Humayun's Tomb Complex Restoration
Image source: archnet.org

Before the reconstruction work was undertaken, destruction and illegal encroachments were out of control at the site of the tomb, presenting a serious danger to the preservation of this invaluable treasure.

At the main entrance of Humayun’s Tomb, dirty stalls had been put up under a very corrupt system of municipal assistance known as the bazar, and all sorts of heavy vehicles were allowed to be parked illegally in these open spaces.

On the Nila Gumbad side, there was a huge tower of India’s vote bank politics, thousands of slum people were kept by an influential section of the political leadership to serve as bonded voters during elections. The environment of the dargah of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya had also been ruthlessly degraded and dirty.

After the restoration work, the conditions in and out of this complex has a super change. All the stalls and other intrusions were removed and the monuments and green spaces restored. Elegant gardens now surround the monuments, adding to their dignity and grace. When illuminated at night, the monument’s look is actually magnificent.

In 2009, as a part of the ongoing restoration work, the ASI and AKTC, after months of manual work using hand-tools, removed from the roof a thick layer of cement concrete that had been exerting the pressure of about 1,102 tons on the structure.

The cement concrete was originally put in the 1920s to prevent water seepage and it led to a blockage in water passages. Subsequently, each time there was leakage, a fresh layer of cement was added, leading to an accumulated thickness of about 40 cm; this has now been replaced with a traditional lime-based roof layer.

Places to see in Humayun Tomb:

Humayun Tomb Charbagh Garden

Humayun's Tomb Garden

The quadrilateral Charbagh concept is interpreted as the four gardens of Paradise. Charbagh is made in a Persian-style garden layout. This means the main building is at the center of a quadrilateral garden divided by walkways or water flows.

The first garden concept tomb is the Humayun Tomb. It is also the first structure to use red sandstone at such quantity and scale. The tomb was declared a UN. This Mughal architecture, the Humayun tomb in Charbagh style is made up of Humayun’s widow.

In the center of this Charbagh, the cemetery itself rises from a wide and the platform is about 6.5 meters high, which in turn stands upon a podium just over a meter high. The only latest feature is the burial built of quartzite, the remainder being entire of red or yellowish sandstone with marble panels or outlines and a marble-covered dome.

Each side of the high terrace is broken by 17 arches whereas the corners of the structure are chambered. At each corner, a slanting arch cuts the angle.

Tomb of Isa Khan

Tomb of Isa Khan

Isa Khan Tomb in Delhi is a cemetery dedicated to Isa Khan Niyazi who was the minister of Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Sur dynasty in India. It is located inside Humayun’s tomb complex in the Nizamuddin, Delhi. The tomb is built in the Sur style.

Every year it is visited by many thousands of visitors and continues to be a very famous destination. The Isa Khan tomb has been built from red sandstone and marked with an engraving proclaiming it to be the tomb of Isa Khan and the date of his death.

At one corner of the mausoleum, you will find a small mosque made in a similar building style. The tomb is in the octagon shape with varnished tiles and lattice windows and it is surrounded by beautiful sunken gardens.

The entrance through a large arched gateway is grand and telling the importance of the interred (buried) person. All around the mosque is a verandah decorated with multi-colored tiles, and each of the corners rests upon a pillar all of which rise to form the dome-shaped central canopy.

The walls are adorned with intricate lattice masonry which is an enchanting sight. Frescoes decorate the ceiling, and there is also beautiful calligraphy which speaks of Isa Khan, his life and times. This tomb not only predates Humayun’s Tomb by almost two decades but is also the zenith of an architectural style which was used by royal tombs in Delhi at the time of Lodi and Sayyid dynasties.

Afsarwala Tomb

Afsarwala Tomb

In a corner of a large walled garden, just before the main entrance to Humayun’s Tomb entrance in Delhi, is the Afsarwala Tomb and Mosque complex. Afsarwala Mosque is on a raised platform about 91 meters to the southwest of the west gate of the Humayun Tomb, Delhi.

The date of construction of this mosque is doubtful as many people tried to know but ends up with some confusion about date although archaeological evidence places it between 1560 and 1567. The building is of local quartzite and red sandstone.

It consists of a single, rather dilapidated, prayer-chamber divided into 3 bays, the central bay roofed by a dome carried on squinches. A circular panel is inside the central dome. The central bay opens through a 4 centered arch and is larger and higher than the flanking bays, which are also entered through 4 centered arches.

The design conforms essentially to the ‘Triple Iwan‘ of Persia. The outer angles of the bulk wok are furnished with pinnacles and the shouldered dome rises from a circular drum.

Arab Serai

Arab Serai

Arab Serai is a 16th-century caravanserai within the Humayun’s tomb complex in Delhi, India. It is said to have been built by Mughal emperor Humayun’s widow Haji Begum. In recent times, it has been conserved by Aga Khan Trust for Culture.

This building contains arched cells against its enclosure walls. Presently, the cells are in ruins. The northern gate is the only structure of the building which is intact. The gate measures 12.2 meters (40 ft) in height and is made of quartzite with red sandstone and is inlaid by marble.

The octagonal-shaped gate chamber was crowned by a dome at the time of its construction, but since then the dome has collapsed. A balcony window is present over the arch of the main gateway and is supported by six brackets. On each side of the gateway at the same level, more balcony windows crowned by a pyramidal dome are present. The domes are made up of yellow and blue tiles.

Nila Gumbad

nila gumbad

Nila Gumbad is one of the oldest destruction in the city and is an important city landmark and historical structure. The beautiful mosaic of tile work on its dome is a great example of architectural detailing and intricacy of design. The stunning mosaic work still stands as a witness to the great structure it might have been in its full glory when it was constructed.

The dome still retains most of its blue tiles and there is a huge Peepal tree in its compound which adds character to this monument and there are many shrubs around it. The best time to visit is in the morning when the rays of sunshine make it shine to its full glory and highlighting its features at its best.

Barber’s Tomb

Barber's Tomb

Kings and queens have their magnificent tombs so do their brothers, sisters, and cousins, tombs of the favorite minister are also not uncommon. But something rarely heard is Tomb of Humayun Emperor’s favorite barber and the second of great Mughal ruler honored his favorite barber with a beautiful tomb which is located next to his very own magnificent mausoleum.

Located towards the southeast of the Humayun’s Tomb stands a slender, elegant domed structure commonly known as the Nai – Ka – Gumbad, literally meaning the Barber’s tomb. The Barber’s Tomb is the only structure standing inside the char bagh, which houses the magnificent Humayun’s Tomb at the very center.

The barber’s tomb is the only structure to have been constructed after Humayun’s Tomb complex was completed. It was commissioned by Humayun’s son & successor Akbar (ruled AD 1556-1605). The elegant tomb stands on a platform 2.44 meters high & is reached by climbing 7 steps.

Bu Halima’s Tomb and Garden

bu halima's tomb and garden

The exact identity of Bu Halima is a mystery as not many details on her are present. However, Bu Halima occupied an important place in Humayun’s harem and was a part of Babur’s (Humayun’s father) entourage to India and a Mughal noblewoman.

The tomb of Bu Halima’s situated on the western side of the magnificent Humayun’s Tomb Complex is a rectangular enclosure which is usually ignored by tourists and visitors as they pass by to see the famous Humayun’s Tomb.

The architecture of this structure dates back to the early Mughal period. The tomb, rectangular in shape, seems to have been built with brightly colored stones which appear to have faded over time.

How to reach Humayun Tomb of Delhi

Humayun Tomb of Delhi

Humayun Tomb Address Location

Humayun Tomb’s location is close to the Dina-Panah Citadel, also known as Purana Qila i.e Old Fort.

Humayun Tomb Address is Mathura Road Opposite, Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah, Nizamuddin, New Delhi, Delhi 110013

Humayun Tomb Nearest Metro Station Delhi

Humayun Tomb’s nearest metro station is Hazrat Nizamuddin metro station on the pink line. From here, you can take a taxi or an auto. The JLN Stadium on the violet line is also one of the closest metro stations to Humayun’s Tomb. 

Humayun Tomb Entry Fee

Humayun Tomb entry fees are Rs.30.0 per person for Indians, 500.0 per person for foreign tourists, 25.0 for video filming. 

Humayun Tomb Timings

Humayun Tomb timings are different for day and night. The day timing of Humayun Tomb is 8 am to 5 pm and the night timing of Humayun Tomb is 6 pm to 9 pm.

Note if you are planning to visit in the night, make sure that you buy a ticket after 6 pm.

Conclusion:

The Humayun Tomb of New Delhi is one of the most impressive structure, it is located conveniently at the banks of Yamuna River. Humayun Tomb Architecture is a splendor of the Mughal period, Humayun Tomb built by Begum Haji for Humayun and by Persian architecture.

Now, this tomb is a major attraction among visiting Delhi. One of the main attractions of the Humanyun Tomb is Char Bagh. In spite of its beauty and very beautiful architecture, there are many positive points about this Monument as the timings of Humayun Tomb are very feasible and Humayun Tomb’s nearest metro is Hazrat Nizamuddin in pink line.

So if you planning to visit Delhi then you must visit the Humayun Tomb as here you can enjoy many historical buildings and come to know about the past of India. 

Places to visit near Humayun Tomb

References:

Purana Qila (Old Fort) Delhi: Timings, History, & Nearest Metro Station

Purana Qila Delhi

Purana Qila, the Urdu name fort Old Fort which was formerly called Shergarh or Sher Fort is one of the oldest forts in Delhi. It is made of red sandstone and has three arched gates.

If you like integrity, then this is the perfect place for your outing. You will find a blend of Mughal, Afghan and Hindu architecture in the construction of the building.

It is a huge fort and will take about two and a half to three hours to explore the whole fort. It is often called Delhi ka Purana Qila by the locals. The fort is believed to be more than 5000 years old.

India is a land of cultural heritage and visiting an ancient fort-like Purana Qila Delhi is one of the best ways to know about the different cultures. The quiet and serene Old Fort is not just a site of historical interest, but also a popular picnic spot and lover’s point for couples.

The place is more popular because of its location on the Delhi Mathura road at the heart of the city. This place has an amazing blend of Afghan architecture, Mughal architecture, Hindu architecture, and Rajasthani style. It is one of the best and most visited sites in New Delhi.

The walls of the Qila are so old and rugged, yet it feels they have a story to tell, a story to convey to the upcoming generations.

The key attraction of the place is three magnificent gateways, the Qila-i-Kuhna, a single domed structure built in typical Mughal architectural style with five doorways, the Sher Mandal, the spot from which Emperor Humayun slipped and died, a light and sound show, and Purana Qila boating experience at the outskirts of the fort.

Purana Qila Delhi visitor Information

Old Fort Park

  • Old Fort Timing:

The Purana Qila timings are from 7:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. The Purana Qila timings are applicable on all the 7 days of the week.

  • Purana Qila Location/Address: 

Mathura Road, Pragati Maidan, Near Delhi Zoo, New Delhi – 110003.

  • Purana Qila nearest Metro Station:

Pragati Maidan situated on the blue line is the nearest metro station to Purana Qila. The distance between the Old Fort and Pragati Maidan Metro Station is around 3 km. You can either go by local or battery run rickshaws or book a cab for more comfort.

  • Old Fort Entry Fee:

For Indians, the entry fee is only INR 20 (Rs. 35 with Museum fee) while that for foreigners, it is INR 200. The entry of both still camera and video camera is permitted, but for carrying a still camera you don’t have to pay anything, while for a video camera you need to pay a minimum of INR 25. You can click Purana Qila images, without paying anything extra.

Apart from the metro, you can also avail of various government-run public and private buses that connect the fort with the capital city or you can always hire a cab or taxi. Buses 374, 410, 423 and 425 stops near the Purana Qila. From New Delhi railway station, the fort is only a 13 minutes’ drive via Mathura road.

Purana Qila History

 

Purana Qila Architecture

It is very difficult to answer the question- who built Purana Qila. Built during the 16th century, on the banks of river Yamuna, Purana Qila or Old Fort Delhi is one of the oldest forts in India.

Abul Fazl states that the fort was built by him in the place of ancient Indraprastha, which was captured by Sher Shah Suri, an Afghan king and the founder of the Suri Dynasty when he defeated Humayun a Mughal.

He made changes in the fort to strengthen its fortification. While it was Islam Shah who actually completed the construction of the fort. It was built on a raised platform.

Hindu king, Hem Chandra Vikramaditya was crowned on 7th October 1556 in Purana Qila after defeating Akbar’s forces decisively at the Battle of Delhi (1556), declaring “ Hindu Raj ” in North India. This is the reason, the impressive and grand edifice blends the architectural style of Mughal, Afghan as well as Hindu.

Purana Qila Architecture

 

 

Purana Qila History

The walls of the Old Fort are around 18 meters in height and 4 meters in thickness. the Delhi old fort is enclosed by two walls and spreads over 2.41 kilometers. Roughly rectangular in shape, the Fort has 3 main entrances, they are — The West facing Bada Darwaza, the South facing Humayun Darwaza and Talaqi Darwaza or the forbidden gate.

The Bada Darwaza is used as the entrance to the fort even today. All the three gates are double-story structures surrounded by two large semi-circular towers adorned with blue tile works and colored marble embellishments.

At the North and South gates of the Qila, you will find ornate overhanging balconies known as Jharokhas, Chatteris, and pavilions with Rajasthani architecture. The entire fort is made of red sandstone.

Purana Qila Excavation

Purana Qila Excavation

Many excavations were carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in the years 1954-55, 1969-1973 by B. B. Lal and in the year 2013-14 and 2017-18 by Vasant Kumar Swarnkar.

Evidence found by the archaeologists proves that the place has been a habitat for many dynasties—from Mauryan to the Shungalu dynasty, the Kushana dynasty, the Gupta dynasty, Rajputs, Delhi Sultanat as well as the Mughals.

Traces like the Painted Grey Ware (PGW) found here links the history of Purana Qila with the ancient Iron Age, nearly 1000BC. All the artifacts and findings are displayed in the Archaeological Museum, Purana Qila Delhi.

Some believed, that Delhi is built on the remains of the legendary city of Indraprastha, of the Pandavas from Mahabharat period, but archaeologists still haven’t found any evidence of Indraprastha consequently considered the ‘First City of Delhi‘ here. The remains seen here are mostly from the medieval period onwards.

With every excavation, a new fact surfaces itself about this mysterious and old fort. In the recent excavation, a 12th century Lord Vishnu sculpture and a seal of the Gupta era got unearthed by the Archaeological Survey of India. It is an ideal place for history lovers and archaeological students doing their research work on Indian history.

Purana Qila Delhi for Couples

Purana Qila Delhi for Couples

Delhi itself is considered to be a heaven for lovers, It has a myriad of romantic places and Old Fort Delhi is one of them. The green lawns complemented by the backdrop of ancient imposing structure proves to be one of the best places to visit with your better half.

The solitude of the place catches the attraction of many couples, here you can spend hours together without being disturbed. With its green surrounding and solitude nature, this place is perfect for photoshoots especially pre-wedding shooting with your fiancé.

Historical Things to see in Old Fort

1. Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque

Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque

Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque is a single domed mosque made by Sher Shah Suri in the year 1541, within the premises of Purana Qila. It has five pointed arched doorways with true horseshoe-shaped arches. The Prayer Hall inside the mosque measures 51.2 meters by 14.9 meters.

Red, White, and slate-colored marbles were used for the calligraphic inscriptions on the iwan. It has separate passages surrounded by ornate jharokhas for the female and the Royal Family members. Designed as a Friday mosque or a Jami mosque, it is one of the most preserved buildings in the Purana Qila.

One of the places of interest in this mosque is a long marble slab with the inscription, “ As long as there are people on the earth, may this edifice be frequented and people be happy and cheerful in it ”. It is an excellent example of extensive use of the pointed arch and pre-Mughal design.

2. Sher Mandal

Sher Mandal

Sher Mandal was built by the Mughal emperor Humayun as a pleasure tower and astronomical library in the year 1530-1556 ( including the 15-year interruption by Afghan king Sher Shah Suri ). It is located at the highest point of the Purana Qila, Delhi.

It is a two-story octagonal structure with chhatri ( domed pavilion ) and pillars. It stands to the South of the mosque and was intended to be higher than it’s existing height but the work was stopped due to the untimely death of Sher Shah. Later, when Humayun recaptured the fort, he used this building as a library.

This double-storeyed octagonal tower of red sandstone has steep stairs leading up to the roof. Owing to its height, it is one of the first observatories of Delhi. It is also the tragic spot from where Humayun slipped while going for his evening namaz, fell headlong down and died after two days due to his injury. After the Qila-i-Kuhna, it is the second surviving structure within the Old Fort boundary

3. Humayun Gate

Humayun Gate

Few people believe that the South facing gate of Purana Qila is called the Humayun gate because it was built by Emperor Humayun while others believe that the gate has gained its name because Humayun’s Tomb is visible from this place. You will find beautiful hanging jharokhas on either side of the Humayun gate.

4. Bada Darwaza

Purana Qila

Bada Darwaza or west gate is the main entrance of the fort. Still today, entry to the fort is through the Bada Darwaja. This structure is 18 meters in height and is colossal in size. Unlike the other structures, it lacks the Mughal architecture.

It is a double-storeyed sandstone structure flanked by two huge semi-circular bastion towers. You will find beautiful jharokhas and Chatteris on either side of the gate.

5. Talaqi Darwaza

Talaqi Darwaza

On turning left from the Bada Darwaja, and walking to the periphery of the Qila, you will come to the North facing the third gate. Talaqi Darwaza is also called the forbidden gate. You may wonder, why it has got such a strange name.

It is called so because no one could pass through the gateway until the king returned victoriously, this is the reason the gate was completely abandoned after the death of the emperor. Not everyone was allowed to pass through the Talaqi Darwaja.

Only the royal family members, including the members of the harem and their children, could use the gate. The gate is embellished with white marble decorates and is done well with overhanging galleries.

6. Hammam Khana

Hammam Khana

Hammam means a normal bathhouse or a community bathhouse. The concept of having a hammam khana came from the Afghan countries, but later it was adopted by the Mughal architecture. Traces of a hammam is also found in New Delhi Purana Qila.

The hammam khana is located beside the Sher Mandal. It is brick-walled and the most interesting feature of this structure is the complex system in which hot water and cold water is mixed before the bath. However, no prominent evidence has been found that could suggest it was constructed by Humayun Or Sher Shah Suri.

7. Khairul Manzil Masjid

Khairul Manzil Masjid

Khairul Manazil or Khair-ul-Manazil is a mosque built by Maham Anga ( the great emperor Akbar’s foster mother ) in the year 1561 with the help of her son Adam Khan and Kinsman Shahabuddin Khan. It is situated in the opposite side of Purana Qila and southeast to the Sher Shah Suri gate.

The exterior and the gateway of the mosque are made of red sandstone, similar to Mughal architecture, while the interior structure is made in the Delhi Sultanate pattern. At present, Khairul Manazil is under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India ( ASI ).

Archaeologists say it is Delhi’s very first Mughal Mosque, not to mention, the first mosque to be promoted and commissioned by a woman. The mosque has five high arched openings in the prayer Hall. The most attractive feature of the mosque is the presence of a madrasa on the east of the building.

8. Lal Darwaza

Sher Shah Suri Gate

Lal Darwaza or Sher Shah Suri Gate was built in the 16th century by Sher Shah Suri. It is one of the few gates in India where you will find Mughal Afghan-style construction. It is 15.5 meters high and is made of quartzite stones.

This gate is known by another name by the locals, Khooni Darwaja since this gate was used to put the beheaded heads of the Royal traitors on display on this gate by the royals.

It is a heard rumor that this place is haunted by the spirits of the people who were killed here. Haunted or not, this place is eye candy for hundreds and thousands of visitors visiting every day.

9. Old Fort Baoli

Purana Qila Baoli

Have you ever seen a Baoli? Baoli is a stepped well. It was constructed in ancient times to preserve water during monsoon season in order to meet the water demands and cope with the seasonal fluctuations. Later this water was used for irrigation.

Not many people know about the presence of a Baoli in the old Fort Delhi. It is located between the Sher Mandal and Qila-i-Kuhna. It is one of the nine historical Baolis in Delhi. It has evidence to prove, this place was used for social gatherings and religious ceremonies.

10. Archaeological Museum

Archaeological Museum Old Fort

A city is incomplete without a museum. The museum is the place which gives us an idea about the history of the place. Archaeological Museum in Old Fort is one of the most popular museums in Delhi. The exhibits in this museum are largely based on the excavated materials found while excavating Purana Qila.

In this museum, you will find potteries of the Kushan and Gupta dynasty, undeciphered coins, idols, semi-precious stones, charred wheat, and rice grains and many other antiques that have been recovered from various other parts of Delhi.

It is a very interesting place that you cannot miss while exploring the fort. You will get to know about many interesting facts about the old fort here. Unlike the Purana Qila, which remains open on all the seven days of the week, the Archaeological Museum of old fort remains closed on every Friday. The entry fee for the museum is only INR 5 for people above the age of 15.

11. Old Fort Lake

Old Fort Lake

If you want to enjoy the old Fort Lake and Purana Qila boating, then this is the perfect place for you. It is a deep, wide ditch surrounding Delhi ka Purana Qila and NBCC, the National Building Construction Corporation, has been assigned the task of renovating the lake.

Here you can enjoy the fun of boating, keeping the beautiful and mysterious monument in the background. The best time for boating is after sunrise while in the evening, the fountains and the lightings are a mesmerizing sight to look at. I hope you won’t like to miss the chance to the boat after knowing the fact that the water was once full of crocodiles.

Conclusion

Every day, the place is frequented by thousands of visitors from all over the world with family and friends to enjoy some moments of solitude.

All the walls of the Delhi Old Fort, the Bada Darwaja, the Humayun Gate, the Talaqi Darwaja, the Sher Shah Suri Gate, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque, the Sher Mandal and the Khairul Manazil make up a spectrum of history that echoes with the past.

The Purana Wila has a lot to offer the tourists in terms of both history and architecture. During the partition of India, the Purana Qila became the refuge spot for many Muslims who were trying to migrate to newly founded Pakistan leaving India.

Places to Visit near Purana Qila

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