Humayun Tomb: Timing, History, Ticket and Metro Station Delhi

Humayun's Tomb

One of the most magnificent tombs is built in Delhi, India’s Capital. Humayun tomb Delhi is famous for Humayun who was the Mughal Emperor. It is the first and most beautiful garden tomb in India built as per the Mughal architecture.

It is one of the preserved monuments and most significant monuments located in East Delhi. This monument attracts tourists from all over the world. So this tomb is a famous tourist attraction of the Capital of India’s Delhi. It is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites in Delhi. It was the first architectural built during Akbar’s reign. Begum Haji is the one who built the Humayun Tomb.

There are 38 World Heritage sites in India. It is said to be World’ Heritage as in shows the culture and tradition of natural Heritage of the World. Humayun Tomb built by using many innovations with a set at the center of luxurious gardens with water fountains was the event after the monument to the Taj Mahal, built a century later.

It was built in 1570 and was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Monument in 1993 for its cultural importance.

It was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993 and that is a Humayun Tomb Fact and since then it has experienced extensive rebuilding work, which is complete Besides the main tomb enclosure of Humayun Tomb Delhi, several smaller monuments give the pathway to it, from the main entrance in the West, including one that even pre-dates the main tomb itself, by twenty years. The complex encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun. The site was chosen on the banks of Yamuna River.

Some information about Humayun Tomb is discussed here. So that once you will visit Humayun Tomb, you are well informed about Humayun Tomb History, and will get some knowledge about Humayun Tomb facts.

Humayun Tomb History

Humayun Tomb History

The tomb’s design was decided by Humayun’s first wife and Empress Bega Begum also known as Haji Begum who was the Chief consort in 1569-70 and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son, Sayyid Muhammad, Persian architects were chosen by Haji Begum are the ones who built Humayun Tomb.

After the death of Humayun on 27 January 1556, Humayun’s body was buried in his palace in the old fort in Delhi. Thereafter it was taken to Sirhind in Punjab by Khanjar Beg and in 1558, it was seen by Humayun’s son, the then Mughal Emperor, Akbar subsequently visited the tomb in 1571, when it was about to be completed.

Construction began in 1565 and was completed in 1572, it cost 1.5 million rupees which was paid entirely by the Empress.

Bega Begum had been so grieved over Humayun’s death that she dedicated her whole life to a sole purpose that was the construction of a memorial to him than would be the most magnificent monument in the Empire which was at a site near the Yamuna River in Delhi.

According to a 16th-century detailed document written during the reign of Akbar, Bega Begum supervised the construction of the tomb after returning from Mecca and undertaking the Hajj pilgrimage.

According to Abd-al-Qadir, one of the contemporary historians to mention the construction of the tomb. It was designed by the Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas who was selected by the Empress and brought from Herat, North Afghanistan.

He had previously designed several buildings in Herat, Bukhara (now Uzbekistan), and others elsewhere in India. Ghiyas died before the structure was completed and it was completed by his son.

Some English merchants, William Finch, who visited the tomb in 1611, says that there is a rich interior furnishing of the central chamber in comparison to the sparse look. The fortunes of the once famous Charbagh, Four-gardens made of four squares separated by four promenades, radiating from a central reflection pool.

It spread over 13 hectares surrounding the monument, changed repeatedly over the years after its construction. The capital got shifted to Agra in 1556 and the decline of the Mughals increased the decay of the monument and its features, as there was expensive keep up for gardens. By the early 18th century, one garden was replaced by a vegetable garden for the people who had settled within the walled area.

Humayun Tomb New Delhi

In August 1947, the Old Fort together with Humayun Tomb built by Begam Hazir became major refugee camps for Muslims who were migrating to the newly founded Pakistan and was later managed by the government of India.

These camps stayed open for about five years and caused considerable damage not only to the extensive gardens but also to the water channels and the principal structures. Eventually, to avoid vandalism, the cenotaphs within the mausoleum were encased in brick.

In the coming years, the Archaeological Survey of India took on responsibility for the preservation of heritage monuments in India, and gradually the building and its gardens were restored. Humayun Tomb history had a major impact on Mughal’s reign

An important phase in the restoration of the complex began around 1993 when the monument was declared a World Heritage Site. This invited some new interest to its restoration, detailed research, and excavation process began under the time of the Aga Khan Trust and the ASI. This culminated in 2003 when much of the complex and gardens were restored, with the historic fountains running once again after several centuries of disuse.

Humayun Tomb Architecture

Humayun Tomb Architecture

Humayun Tomb architecture is altogether different from other monuments. When we enter Humayun Tomb, Delhi it is through a long basic track. On the other way, there are gateways that give a brief look at the tomb. The tomb is octagonal in shape and placed over a platform with colonnades, under which there are numerous graves of lesser-known people and can be ascribed to various nobles and workers of Humayun’s period.

A great central chamber has four offsets, double-storeyed in height and with an arcade on their facades. Their openings closed with perforated screens. Three sensitive arches dominate each side and the central one is the highest. The monument of the emperor Humayun is in the central room and his queen Bega Begum. The tomb is crowned by 42.5 m high colossal double dome.

The main funerary box is situated in the central hall, oriented – in accordance with Muslim practice on the north-south axis. Traditionally, the body is placed with the head to the north, the face turned sideways towards Mecca. The dome is what is called a full-dome, a complete semi-circle that is a special feature of Humayun Tomb Architecture.

The structure is made up of red stones but borders are made up of white and black marbles. It is based on the description of Islamic paradise gardens, it is known to have inspired the Taj Mahal and many other Mughal tombs. It is known as Charbagh and it is based on grids.

The central arch on each side opens on to an ascending staircase. To the east of the southern stair, a horizontal passage leads to the actual tomb below the monument. The left out arches open into cells, most of which contain after and subsidiary tombs.

The floor of the terrace is made with red sandstone and contains a number of unidentified graves. The octagonal tomb’s chamber rises through two stories and is surrounded by smaller chambers at the diagonal points. These chambers also house a number of other tombstones, making Humayun’s members almost a family one.

The central hall containing the cenotaph is roofed by a double dome carried on squinches, with plastered interlace in the spandrels. It is in three layers, of which the center is a gallery and the uppermost is a clerestory. Most of the openings are filled with sandstone grilles. In between each wing of the diagonal sides of the central tomb lie the great arched lobbies that dominate the exterior elevation.

Humayun's Tomb structure

Humayun’s Tomb was the first monument who used a double dome. Persian builders, gave a building an imposing exterior height but kept the ceiling of the central hall in proportion with the interior heights. The dome is also remarkable in that it is the first major full dome to be seen in India. Earlier domes were not full in the sense that their shape never traced a full semi-circle.

The outer dome of Humayun’s Tomb is covered with marble. It is supported by chhatris above the wings and portals. These, historians believe, served as a madrasa or college in the days when the tomb was a living monument. The chhatris serve the added purpose of masking the drum from view.

A double dome is composed of two shells, with a gap between the two layers. The walled enclosure is entered through two gates that is the main gate to the south, which is now closed, and a less imposing west gate. The south gate is-a towering 15.5 meters high.

It stands on a podium approached by a flight of five steps. The ground floor comprises a central hall, octagonal and domed, with rectangular wings. There are square and oblong rooms on the first floor of the gateway. The gate is flanked externally by screen-walls with arched recesses.

Adjoining the south gate is a compound on the west, 146 meters by 32 meters, built against the exterior face of the main enclosure-wall. It contains a verandah with 25 arched entrances and was possibly meant to accommodate the many attendants of the royal tomb. There is another dilapidated building flanking the eastern side of the gate externally.

The west gate, by which visitors now enter the tomb-enclosure, also stands on a podium with five steps and is two stories high. It consists of a 7 meter-square central hall, with square side-rooms on the ground floor, and oblong rooms on the first.

It is approached from the front and back through portals 10.7 meters high. The gate is flanked externally with arched recesses and measures 15 meters from the floor level to the parapet. It is surmounted at the outer angles by small chhatris 1.5 meters square.

It contains a tank which is like about one meter across, and the room appears to have been a hammam or bath. It is plastered but undecorated. Behind this pavilion, on the north side of the enclosure-wall is a rubble-built circular well, which supplied water both to the bath and the channels of the char bagh. Humayun tomb images are worth watching, architecture is very beautiful.

Humayun Tomb Restoration

Humayun's Tomb Complex Restoration
Image source: archnet.org

Before the reconstruction work was undertaken, destruction and illegal encroachments were out of control at the site of the tomb, presenting a serious danger to the preservation of this invaluable treasure.

At the main entrance of Humayun’s Tomb, dirty stalls had been put up under a very corrupt system of municipal assistance known as the bazar, and all sorts of heavy vehicles were allowed to be parked illegally in these open spaces.

On the Nila Gumbad side, there was a huge tower of India’s vote bank politics, thousands of slum people were kept by an influential section of the political leadership to serve as bonded voters during elections. The environment of the dargah of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya had also been ruthlessly degraded and dirty.

After the restoration work, the conditions in and out of this complex has a super change. All the stalls and other intrusions were removed and the monuments and green spaces restored. Elegant gardens now surround the monuments, adding to their dignity and grace. When illuminated at night, the monument’s look is actually magnificent.

In 2009, as a part of the ongoing restoration work, the ASI and AKTC, after months of manual work using hand-tools, removed from the roof a thick layer of cement concrete that had been exerting the pressure of about 1,102 tons on the structure.

The cement concrete was originally put in the 1920s to prevent water seepage and it led to a blockage in water passages. Subsequently, each time there was leakage, a fresh layer of cement was added, leading to an accumulated thickness of about 40 cm; this has now been replaced with a traditional lime-based roof layer.

Places to see in Humayun Tomb:

Humayun Tomb Charbagh Garden

Humayun's Tomb Garden

The quadrilateral Charbagh concept is interpreted as the four gardens of Paradise. Charbagh is made in a Persian-style garden layout. This means the main building is at the center of a quadrilateral garden divided by walkways or water flows.

The first garden concept tomb is the Humayun Tomb. It is also the first structure to use red sandstone at such quantity and scale. The tomb was declared a UN. This Mughal architecture, the Humayun tomb in Charbagh style is made up of Humayun’s widow.

In the center of this Charbagh, the cemetery itself rises from a wide and the platform is about 6.5 meters high, which in turn stands upon a podium just over a meter high. The only latest feature is the burial built of quartzite, the remainder being entire of red or yellowish sandstone with marble panels or outlines and a marble-covered dome.

Each side of the high terrace is broken by 17 arches whereas the corners of the structure are chambered. At each corner, a slanting arch cuts the angle.

Tomb of Isa Khan

Tomb of Isa Khan

Isa Khan Tomb in Delhi is a cemetery dedicated to Isa Khan Niyazi who was the minister of Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Sur dynasty in India. It is located inside Humayun’s tomb complex in the Nizamuddin, Delhi. The tomb is built in the Sur style.

Every year it is visited by many thousands of visitors and continues to be a very famous destination. The Isa Khan tomb has been built from red sandstone and marked with an engraving proclaiming it to be the tomb of Isa Khan and the date of his death.

At one corner of the mausoleum, you will find a small mosque made in a similar building style. The tomb is in the octagon shape with varnished tiles and lattice windows and it is surrounded by beautiful sunken gardens.

The entrance through a large arched gateway is grand and telling the importance of the interred (buried) person. All around the mosque is a verandah decorated with multi-colored tiles, and each of the corners rests upon a pillar all of which rise to form the dome-shaped central canopy.

The walls are adorned with intricate lattice masonry which is an enchanting sight. Frescoes decorate the ceiling, and there is also beautiful calligraphy which speaks of Isa Khan, his life and times. This tomb not only predates Humayun’s Tomb by almost two decades but is also the zenith of an architectural style which was used by royal tombs in Delhi at the time of Lodi and Sayyid dynasties.

Afsarwala Tomb

Afsarwala Tomb

In a corner of a large walled garden, just before the main entrance to Humayun’s Tomb entrance in Delhi, is the Afsarwala Tomb and Mosque complex. Afsarwala Mosque is on a raised platform about 91 meters to the southwest of the west gate of the Humayun Tomb, Delhi.

The date of construction of this mosque is doubtful as many people tried to know but ends up with some confusion about date although archaeological evidence places it between 1560 and 1567. The building is of local quartzite and red sandstone.

It consists of a single, rather dilapidated, prayer-chamber divided into 3 bays, the central bay roofed by a dome carried on squinches. A circular panel is inside the central dome. The central bay opens through a 4 centered arch and is larger and higher than the flanking bays, which are also entered through 4 centered arches.

The design conforms essentially to the ‘Triple Iwan‘ of Persia. The outer angles of the bulk wok are furnished with pinnacles and the shouldered dome rises from a circular drum.

Arab Serai

Arab Serai

Arab Serai is a 16th-century caravanserai within the Humayun’s tomb complex in Delhi, India. It is said to have been built by Mughal emperor Humayun’s widow Haji Begum. In recent times, it has been conserved by Aga Khan Trust for Culture.

This building contains arched cells against its enclosure walls. Presently, the cells are in ruins. The northern gate is the only structure of the building which is intact. The gate measures 12.2 meters (40 ft) in height and is made of quartzite with red sandstone and is inlaid by marble.

The octagonal-shaped gate chamber was crowned by a dome at the time of its construction, but since then the dome has collapsed. A balcony window is present over the arch of the main gateway and is supported by six brackets. On each side of the gateway at the same level, more balcony windows crowned by a pyramidal dome are present. The domes are made up of yellow and blue tiles.

Nila Gumbad

nila gumbad

Nila Gumbad is one of the oldest destruction in the city and is an important city landmark and historical structure. The beautiful mosaic of tile work on its dome is a great example of architectural detailing and intricacy of design. The stunning mosaic work still stands as a witness to the great structure it might have been in its full glory when it was constructed.

The dome still retains most of its blue tiles and there is a huge Peepal tree in its compound which adds character to this monument and there are many shrubs around it. The best time to visit is in the morning when the rays of sunshine make it shine to its full glory and highlighting its features at its best.

Barber’s Tomb

Barber's Tomb

Kings and queens have their magnificent tombs so do their brothers, sisters, and cousins, tombs of the favorite minister are also not uncommon. But something rarely heard is Tomb of Humayun Emperor’s favorite barber and the second of great Mughal ruler honored his favorite barber with a beautiful tomb which is located next to his very own magnificent mausoleum.

Located towards the southeast of the Humayun’s Tomb stands a slender, elegant domed structure commonly known as the Nai – Ka – Gumbad, literally meaning the Barber’s tomb. The Barber’s Tomb is the only structure standing inside the char bagh, which houses the magnificent Humayun’s Tomb at the very center.

The barber’s tomb is the only structure to have been constructed after Humayun’s Tomb complex was completed. It was commissioned by Humayun’s son & successor Akbar (ruled AD 1556-1605). The elegant tomb stands on a platform 2.44 meters high & is reached by climbing 7 steps.

Bu Halima’s Tomb and Garden

bu halima's tomb and garden

The exact identity of Bu Halima is a mystery as not many details on her are present. However, Bu Halima occupied an important place in Humayun’s harem and was a part of Babur’s (Humayun’s father) entourage to India and a Mughal noblewoman.

The tomb of Bu Halima’s situated on the western side of the magnificent Humayun’s Tomb Complex is a rectangular enclosure which is usually ignored by tourists and visitors as they pass by to see the famous Humayun’s Tomb.

The architecture of this structure dates back to the early Mughal period. The tomb, rectangular in shape, seems to have been built with brightly colored stones which appear to have faded over time.

How to reach Humayun Tomb of Delhi

Humayun Tomb of Delhi

Humayun Tomb Address Location

Humayun Tomb’s location is close to the Dina-Panah Citadel, also known as Purana Qila i.e Old Fort.

Humayun Tomb Address is Mathura Road Opposite, Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah, Nizamuddin, New Delhi, Delhi 110013

Humayun Tomb Nearest Metro Station Delhi

Humayun Tomb’s nearest metro station is Hazrat Nizamuddin metro station on the pink line. From here, you can take a taxi or an auto. The JLN Stadium on the violet line is also one of the closest metro stations to Humayun’s Tomb. 

Humayun Tomb Entry Fee

Humayun Tomb entry fees are Rs.30.0 per person for Indians, 500.0 per person for foreign tourists, 25.0 for video filming. 

Humayun Tomb Timings

Humayun Tomb timings are different for day and night. The day timing of Humayun Tomb is 8 am to 5 pm and the night timing of Humayun Tomb is 6 pm to 9 pm.

Note if you are planning to visit in the night, make sure that you buy a ticket after 6 pm.

Conclusion:

The Humayun Tomb of New Delhi is one of the most impressive structure, it is located conveniently at the banks of Yamuna River. Humayun Tomb Architecture is a splendor of the Mughal period, Humayun Tomb built by Begum Haji for Humayun and by Persian architecture.

Now, this tomb is a major attraction among visiting Delhi. One of the main attractions of the Humanyun Tomb is Char Bagh. In spite of its beauty and very beautiful architecture, there are many positive points about this Monument as the timings of Humayun Tomb are very feasible and Humayun Tomb’s nearest metro is Hazrat Nizamuddin in pink line.

So if you planning to visit Delhi then you must visit the Humayun Tomb as here you can enjoy many historical buildings and come to know about the past of India. 

Places to visit near Humayun Tomb

  • Sunder Nursery
  • Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah
  • Millennium Park Delhi
  • National Zoological Park
  • Purana Qila (Old Fort)
  • National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum
  • National Science Centre

References:

Purana Qila (Old Fort) Delhi: Timings, History, & Nearest Metro Station

Purana Qila Delhi

Purana Qila, the Urdu name fort Old Fort which was formerly called Shergarh or Sher Fort is one of the oldest forts in Delhi. It is made of red sandstone and has three arched gates.

If you like integrity, then this is the perfect place for your outing. You will find a blend of Mughal, Afghan and Hindu architecture in the construction of the building.

It is a huge fort and will take about two and a half to three hours to explore the whole fort. It is often called Delhi ka Purana Qila by the locals. The fort is believed to be more than 5000 years old.

India is a land of cultural heritage and visiting an ancient fort-like Purana Qila Delhi is one of the best ways to know about the different cultures. The quiet and serene Old Fort is not just a site of historical interest, but also a popular picnic spot and lover’s point for couples.

The place is more popular because of its location on the Delhi Mathura road at the heart of the city. This place has an amazing blend of Afghan architecture, Mughal architecture, Hindu architecture, and Rajasthani style. It is one of the best and most visited sites in New Delhi.

The walls of the Qila are so old and rugged, yet it feels they have a story to tell, a story to convey to the upcoming generations.

The key attraction of the place is three magnificent gateways, the Qila-i-Kuhna, a single domed structure built in typical Mughal architectural style with five doorways, the Sher Mandal, the spot from which Emperor Humayun slipped and died, a light and sound show, and Purana Qila boating experience at the outskirts of the fort.

Purana Qila Delhi visitor Information

Old Fort Park

  • Old Fort Timing:

The Purana Qila timings are from 7:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. The Purana Qila timings are applicable on all the 7 days of the week.

  • Purana Qila Location/Address: 

Mathura Road, Pragati Maidan, Near Delhi Zoo, New Delhi – 110003.

  • Purana Qila nearest Metro Station:

Pragati Maidan situated on the blue line is the nearest metro station to Purana Qila. The distance between the Old Fort and Pragati Maidan Metro Station is around 3 km. You can either go by local or battery run rickshaws or book a cab for more comfort.

  • Old Fort Entry Fee:

For Indians, the entry fee is only INR 20 (Rs. 35 with Museum fee) while that for foreigners, it is INR 200. The entry of both still camera and video camera is permitted, but for carrying a still camera you don’t have to pay anything, while for a video camera you need to pay a minimum of INR 25. You can click Purana Qila images, without paying anything extra.

Apart from the metro, you can also avail of various government-run public and private buses that connect the fort with the capital city or you can always hire a cab or taxi. Buses 374, 410, 423 and 425 stops near the Purana Qila. From New Delhi railway station, the fort is only a 13 minutes’ drive via Mathura road.

Purana Qila History

 

Purana Qila Architecture

It is very difficult to answer the question- who built Purana Qila. Built during the 16th century, on the banks of river Yamuna, Purana Qila or Old Fort Delhi is one of the oldest forts in India.

Abul Fazl states that the fort was built by him in the place of ancient Indraprastha, which was captured by Sher Shah Suri, an Afghan king and the founder of the Suri Dynasty when he defeated Humayun a Mughal.

He made changes in the fort to strengthen its fortification. While it was Islam Shah who actually completed the construction of the fort. It was built on a raised platform.

Hindu king, Hem Chandra Vikramaditya was crowned on 7th October 1556 in Purana Qila after defeating Akbar’s forces decisively at the Battle of Delhi (1556), declaring “ Hindu Raj ” in North India. This is the reason, the impressive and grand edifice blends the architectural style of Mughal, Afghan as well as Hindu.

Purana Qila Architecture

 

 

Purana Qila History

The walls of the Old Fort are around 18 meters in height and 4 meters in thickness. the Delhi old fort is enclosed by two walls and spreads over 2.41 kilometers. Roughly rectangular in shape, the Fort has 3 main entrances, they are — The West facing Bada Darwaza, the South facing Humayun Darwaza and Talaqi Darwaza or the forbidden gate.

The Bada Darwaza is used as the entrance to the fort even today. All the three gates are double-story structures surrounded by two large semi-circular towers adorned with blue tile works and colored marble embellishments.

At the North and South gates of the Qila, you will find ornate overhanging balconies known as Jharokhas, Chatteris, and pavilions with Rajasthani architecture. The entire fort is made of red sandstone.

Purana Qila Excavation

Purana Qila Excavation

Many excavations were carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in the years 1954-55, 1969-1973 by B. B. Lal and in the year 2013-14 and 2017-18 by Vasant Kumar Swarnkar.

Evidence found by the archaeologists proves that the place has been a habitat for many dynasties—from Mauryan to the Shungalu dynasty, the Kushana dynasty, the Gupta dynasty, Rajputs, Delhi Sultanat as well as the Mughals.

Traces like the Painted Grey Ware (PGW) found here links the history of Purana Qila with the ancient Iron Age, nearly 1000BC. All the artifacts and findings are displayed in the Archaeological Museum, Purana Qila Delhi.

Some believed, that Delhi is built on the remains of the legendary city of Indraprastha, of the Pandavas from Mahabharat period, but archaeologists still haven’t found any evidence of Indraprastha consequently considered the ‘First City of Delhi‘ here. The remains seen here are mostly from the medieval period onwards.

With every excavation, a new fact surfaces itself about this mysterious and old fort. In the recent excavation, a 12th century Lord Vishnu sculpture and a seal of the Gupta era got unearthed by the Archaeological Survey of India. It is an ideal place for history lovers and archaeological students doing their research work on Indian history.

Purana Qila Delhi for Couples

Purana Qila Delhi for Couples

Delhi itself is considered to be a heaven for lovers, It has a myriad of romantic places and Old Fort Delhi is one of them. The green lawns complemented by the backdrop of ancient imposing structure proves to be one of the best places to visit with your better half.

The solitude of the place catches the attraction of many couples, here you can spend hours together without being disturbed. With its green surrounding and solitude nature, this place is perfect for photoshoots especially pre-wedding shooting with your fiancé.

Historical Things to see in Old Fort

1. Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque

Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque

Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque is a single domed mosque made by Sher Shah Suri in the year 1541, within the premises of Purana Qila. It has five pointed arched doorways with true horseshoe-shaped arches. The Prayer Hall inside the mosque measures 51.2 meters by 14.9 meters.

Red, White, and slate-colored marbles were used for the calligraphic inscriptions on the iwan. It has separate passages surrounded by ornate jharokhas for the female and the Royal Family members. Designed as a Friday mosque or a Jami mosque, it is one of the most preserved buildings in the Purana Qila.

One of the places of interest in this mosque is a long marble slab with the inscription, “ As long as there are people on the earth, may this edifice be frequented and people be happy and cheerful in it ”. It is an excellent example of extensive use of the pointed arch and pre-Mughal design.

2. Sher Mandal

Sher Mandal

Sher Mandal was built by the Mughal emperor Humayun as a pleasure tower and astronomical library in the year 1530-1556 ( including the 15-year interruption by Afghan king Sher Shah Suri ). It is located at the highest point of the Purana Qila, Delhi.

It is a two-story octagonal structure with chhatri ( domed pavilion ) and pillars. It stands to the South of the mosque and was intended to be higher than it’s existing height but the work was stopped due to the untimely death of Sher Shah. Later, when Humayun recaptured the fort, he used this building as a library.

This double-storeyed octagonal tower of red sandstone has steep stairs leading up to the roof. Owing to its height, it is one of the first observatories of Delhi. It is also the tragic spot from where Humayun slipped while going for his evening namaz, fell headlong down and died after two days due to his injury. After the Qila-i-Kuhna, it is the second surviving structure within the Old Fort boundary

3. Humayun Gate

Humayun Gate

Few people believe that the South facing gate of Purana Qila is called the Humayun gate because it was built by Emperor Humayun while others believe that the gate has gained its name because Humayun’s Tomb is visible from this place. You will find beautiful hanging jharokhas on either side of the Humayun gate.

4. Bada Darwaza

Purana Qila

Bada Darwaza or west gate is the main entrance of the fort. Still today, entry to the fort is through the Bada Darwaja. This structure is 18 meters in height and is colossal in size. Unlike the other structures, it lacks the Mughal architecture.

It is a double-storeyed sandstone structure flanked by two huge semi-circular bastion towers. You will find beautiful jharokhas and Chatteris on either side of the gate.

5. Talaqi Darwaza

Talaqi Darwaza

On turning left from the Bada Darwaja, and walking to the periphery of the Qila, you will come to the North facing the third gate. Talaqi Darwaza is also called the forbidden gate. You may wonder, why it has got such a strange name.

It is called so because no one could pass through the gateway until the king returned victoriously, this is the reason the gate was completely abandoned after the death of the emperor. Not everyone was allowed to pass through the Talaqi Darwaja.

Only the royal family members, including the members of the harem and their children, could use the gate. The gate is embellished with white marble decorates and is done well with overhanging galleries.

6. Hammam Khana

Hammam Khana

Hammam means a normal bathhouse or a community bathhouse. The concept of having a hammam khana came from the Afghan countries, but later it was adopted by the Mughal architecture. Traces of a hammam is also found in New Delhi Purana Qila.

The hammam khana is located beside the Sher Mandal. It is brick-walled and the most interesting feature of this structure is the complex system in which hot water and cold water is mixed before the bath. However, no prominent evidence has been found that could suggest it was constructed by Humayun Or Sher Shah Suri.

7. Khairul Manzil Masjid

Khairul Manzil Masjid

Khairul Manazil or Khair-ul-Manazil is a mosque built by Maham Anga ( the great emperor Akbar’s foster mother ) in the year 1561 with the help of her son Adam Khan and Kinsman Shahabuddin Khan. It is situated in the opposite side of Purana Qila and southeast to the Sher Shah Suri gate.

The exterior and the gateway of the mosque are made of red sandstone, similar to Mughal architecture, while the interior structure is made in the Delhi Sultanate pattern. At present, Khairul Manazil is under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India ( ASI ).

Archaeologists say it is Delhi’s very first Mughal Mosque, not to mention, the first mosque to be promoted and commissioned by a woman. The mosque has five high arched openings in the prayer Hall. The most attractive feature of the mosque is the presence of a madrasa on the east of the building.

8. Lal Darwaza

Sher Shah Suri Gate

Lal Darwaza or Sher Shah Suri Gate was built in the 16th century by Sher Shah Suri. It is one of the few gates in India where you will find Mughal Afghan-style construction. It is 15.5 meters high and is made of quartzite stones.

This gate is known by another name by the locals, Khooni Darwaja since this gate was used to put the beheaded heads of the Royal traitors on display on this gate by the royals.

It is a heard rumor that this place is haunted by the spirits of the people who were killed here. Haunted or not, this place is eye candy for hundreds and thousands of visitors visiting every day.

9. Old Fort Baoli

Purana Qila Baoli

Have you ever seen a Baoli? Baoli is a stepped well. It was constructed in ancient times to preserve water during monsoon season in order to meet the water demands and cope with the seasonal fluctuations. Later this water was used for irrigation.

Not many people know about the presence of a Baoli in the old Fort Delhi. It is located between the Sher Mandal and Qila-i-Kuhna. It is one of the nine historical Baolis in Delhi. It has evidence to prove, this place was used for social gatherings and religious ceremonies.

10. Archaeological Museum

Archaeological Museum Old Fort

A city is incomplete without a museum. The museum is the place which gives us an idea about the history of the place. Archaeological Museum in Old Fort is one of the most popular museums in Delhi. The exhibits in this museum are largely based on the excavated materials found while excavating Purana Qila.

In this museum, you will find potteries of the Kushan and Gupta dynasty, undeciphered coins, idols, semi-precious stones, charred wheat, and rice grains and many other antiques that have been recovered from various other parts of Delhi.

It is a very interesting place that you cannot miss while exploring the fort. You will get to know about many interesting facts about the old fort here. Unlike the Purana Qila, which remains open on all the seven days of the week, the Archaeological Museum of old fort remains closed on every Friday. The entry fee for the museum is only INR 5 for people above the age of 15.

11. Old Fort Lake

Old Fort Lake

If you want to enjoy the old Fort Lake and Purana Qila boating, then this is the perfect place for you. It is a deep, wide ditch surrounding Delhi ka Purana Qila and NBCC, the National Building Construction Corporation, has been assigned the task of renovating the lake.

Here you can enjoy the fun of boating, keeping the beautiful and mysterious monument in the background. The best time for boating is after sunrise while in the evening, the fountains and the lightings are a mesmerizing sight to look at. I hope you won’t like to miss the chance to the boat after knowing the fact that the water was once full of crocodiles.

Conclusion

Every day, the place is frequented by thousands of visitors from all over the world with family and friends to enjoy some moments of solitude.

All the walls of the Delhi Old Fort, the Bada Darwaja, the Humayun Gate, the Talaqi Darwaja, the Sher Shah Suri Gate, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque, the Sher Mandal and the Khairul Manazil make up a spectrum of history that echoes with the past.

The Purana Wila has a lot to offer the tourists in terms of both history and architecture. During the partition of India, the Purana Qila became the refuge spot for many Muslims who were trying to migrate to newly founded Pakistan leaving India.

Places to Visit near Purana Qila

References:

Historical Places: Top 30 Historical Monuments in Delhi

The city of Delhi is a fantastic place for everyone. There are a ton of historical places in Delhi. The city derived its influence from a lot many dynasties that have ruled it over a long period of time, and every one of them has left their influence over it.

That I’d why the historical places in Delhi have a lot of diversity around and about them. It is tough to find the correct searches about historical places in Delhi with pictures and information on the internet, which is why we have presented you with exactly that, which is a list of historical places in Delhi with pictures and information.

Let us take a look at the best 30 historical places in New Delhi-

1. Agrasen ki Baoli

Agrasen Ki Baoli

The Agrasen ki Baoli is one of the most highly-rated historical places in New Delhi. The word ‘Baoli’ loosely translates to a water temple or a stepwell, and this particular Baoli is thought to be built by King Agrasen, and later rebuilt under the Tughlaq dynasty.

When one looks at this structure architecturally, it looks peculiar simply because Delhi does not have many structures that resemble this one. There are three levels on this structure, and it has 108 steps.

Today, the Baoli is considered to be a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), and it is filled with visitors at all times. Agrasen ki Baoli is also famous as a haunted place in Delhi.

  • Address – Hailey Road, KG Marg, near Diwanchand Imaging Centre, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearest Metro Station – Barakhamba Metro Station
  • Timings– 9 A.M to 5 P.M
  • Entry Fee – Free

2. Bada Gumbad

Bara Gumbad

This medieval dome-like structure is located in the middle of the Lodhi Gardens of New Delhi. The word ‘Gumbad’ literally translates to the dome. This monument is essentially a mosque, and Friday prayers take place here.

It was built in the year 1490 by Sikandar Lodi. The Bada Gumbad is thought to have been the first such domed structure to be constructed in Delhi. The Gumbad also has a structure which gives an indication to be a burial spot, although no tomb has been found here.

It also looks like a gateway to the Sikandar Lodi tomb, which is just beside this mosque. It is indeed one of the best historical places in Delhi.

  • Address – Lodhi Gardens, Lodi Estate, New Delhi, Delhi 110003
  • Nearest Metro Station – Jor Bagh Metro Station
  • Timings – 6 A.M to 7:30 P.M on all days
  • Entry fee – Free

3. Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal

The Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal is considered to be one of the most haunted places in Delhi. So much so, that you will find there a hidden note which says not to come near this place after sunset. This was actually a hunting lodge built by Feroz Shah Tughlaq during the 14th century.

It is essentially a fortress, having an architectural resemblance to that of a mosque. Due to stories of ghosts surrounding it, this place essentially lies deserted and due to wear and tear, it lies in shambles, having nothing but rubbles all around it.

  • Address – Central Ridge Reserve Forest, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearest Metro Station – Jhandewalan Metro Station
  • Timings – Morning to Evening
  • Entry Fees – Free

4. Delhi Gate

Delhi Gate

Delhi Gate is the southernmost gate that surrounds the old city of Delhi, which was also known as Shahjahanabad. It is a link between Old Delhi and New Delhi. The gate was constructed in the year 1638 under Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as fortifications which encircle Shahjahanabad.

The Mughal emperors used this gate to go to Jama Masjid for praying. This gate was built out of sandstone and is quite beautiful. Today, the gate is the part of the heritage sites which is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Two stone carvings of elephants were later erected near the gate.

  • Address – Delhi Gate, Netaji Subhash Marg, Daryaganj, New Delhi, Delhi 110006
  • Nearest Metro Station – Delhi Gate Metro Station
  • Timings – Open on all hours
  • Entry Fees – Free

5. Delhi Ridge

Old Baoli

The Delhi Ridge, which is also referred to as simply The Ridge is a beautiful chain of mountains in the Northern Aravalli leopard wildlife corridor. These beautiful mountains, which start near the Tughlaqabad area are considered to be around 1500 million years old. They are the green lungs which provide a lot of oxygen to the city of Delhi. It covers an area of about 35 square kilometers and has a lot of biodiversity in itself.

  • Address – Faridabad, Haryana 121004
  • Nearest Metro Station – Rajiv Chowk Station
  • Timings – 10:00 AM – 4:00 PM All days of the week

6. Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

The Feroz Shah Kotla, also known as Kotla was a fortress which was built by King Feroz Shah Tughlaq to fortify his own Delhi, which is also called Ferozabad. Today, the fort stands in ruins, but it still has a pristine sandstone Topra Ashokan pillar which is from the 3rd century BC.

It is a pillar of Ashoka which was moved from Topra Kalan in Pong Ghati of Yamunanagar district in Haryana to Delhi under due orders from Feroz Shah Tughlaq. The fortress also has in itself other structures such as the Jama Masjid and a Baoli (well) which add to the grandeur of the ‘Kotla’.

  • Address– Jawaharlal Nehru Marg, Feroze Shah Kotla, Raj Ghat, New Delhi, Delhi 110002
  • Nearest Metro Station– ITO Metro Station (Violet Line)
  • Timings– All days of the week – 10:00 AM – 7:00 PM
  • Entry Fees – Rs. 25 for Indians and SAARC members, ₹100 for everyone else. Free entry for children below 15 years of age

7. Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun's Tomb

This place is the tomb of the second Mughal emperor Humayun. This place is the first-ever garden tomb in the whole of the Indian subcontinent. No structure had seen such use of red sandstone at that time. No wonder this place was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993.

Other than Humayun, this place also has the graves of some other historical figures. This tomb is quite popular and has some of the best architecture, which is a mix of Persian and Indian style of construction.

  • Address – Mathura Road Opposite, Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah, Nizamuddin, New Delhi, Delhi 110013
  • Nearest Metro Station – Hazrat Nizamuddin metro station in Pink line
  • Timings – 8 AM to 9 PM
  • Entry Fees–  Rs. 35 for Indian, SAARC and BIMSTEC members, Rs. 350 for foreigners

8. India Gate

India Gate

The India Gate stands as a war memorial near the Rajpath which is dedicated to the soldiers of the British empire (70000 in number) who died in the First World War.

Today, it has become a symbol of India and draws comparisons from monuments like Arc de Triomphe in Paris and Arch of Constantine, in Rome. After the 1971 war, a black structure with an eternally burning flame was built which is known as the Amar Jawan Jyoti (flame of the immortal soldier).

  • Address – Rajpath, India Gate, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearest Metro Station – Central Secretariat Metro Station, India Gate
  • Timings – 24 hours
  • Entry Fees – Free for all

9. Isa Khan’s Tomb

Isa Khan's Tomb

Isa Khan was a very famous courtier in the court of King Sher Shah Suri and his son’s court. His tomb was surprisingly built when he was alive. Today, the tomb stands near the place of the tomb of King Humayun, the second Mughal emperor.

The tomb consists of octagonal ornaments that are shaped in the form of canopies, glazed tiles, and lattice screens. The tomb is also surrounded by verandahs from all sides and looks really beautiful in its red sandstone.

  • Address – Mathura Road Opposite, Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah, Nizamuddin, New Delhi, Delhi 110013
  • Nearest Metro Station – Hazrat Nizamuddin metro station in Pink line
  • Timings – From 8 AM to 9 PM 
  • Entry Fees – Rs. 35 for Indian, SAARC and BIMSTEC members; Rs. 350 for foreigners

10. Jahaz Mahal

Jahaz Mahal

Jahaz means ‘ship’ in Urdu. It is named so because of the fact that the reflection of this place looks like a ship in the surrounding water reservoir. This place was built during the Lodi dynasty period. This place was used as an inn during the old times.

Architecturally, this place looks extremely beautiful. It has about six Chattris (umbrellas) made out of stones. There are also squinches, architectural ornaments, and domes that are rather well built for that era. It is surely a must-visit place for every tourist who is in Delhi.

  • Address – Talaab lane, Aam Bagh, Khandsa Colony, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Nearest Metro Station – Chhattarpur Maidan Metro Station
  • Timings– All days of the week – 6:00 AM – 7:00 PM
  • Entry Fees– Free

11. Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid

Also known as the ‘Masjid e Jahan Numa‘, it was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the years 1650 to 1656. This mosque is one of the grandest and biggest mosques in the whole of India. It has three huge gateways and two minarets.

The whole of this Sunni mosque is constructed by using red sandstone and white marble stone. It is so grand that its main prayer hall can easily hold about 25000 people at once. The Badshahi Masjid in Lahore has a similar design to this one. Unsurprisingly, it is also a major tourist destination of Delhi today.

  • Address – Jama Masjid Rd, Jama Masjid, Chandni Chowk, New Delhi, Delhi 110006
  • Nearest Metro Station – Jama Masjid Metro Station
  • Timings – 7 AM – 12 noon, 1:30 PM – 6:30 PM, open all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Free

12. Jamali Kamali Mosque and Tomb

Jamali Kamali Mosque

Among all the New Delhi historical places, this place is one of the best historical places in Delhi. This place consists of two different historical structures located beside each other, a mosque and a tomb. Interestingly, the mosque is of a person named Jamali and the tomb of a person named Kamali.

Both of these people were Sufi saints. The whole building is made out of red sandstone. Both the structures have marble ornaments, with the tomb having much more intricate stonework and wall paintings.

  • Address – Mehrauli Archeological Park Trail, Christian Colony, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110016
  • Nearest Metro Station – Qutub Minar Metro Station
  • Timings– All days of the week – 10:00 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Entry Fees – Free

13. Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar Delhi

The Jantar Mantar is one of the most famous historical monuments in Delhi, and possibly the whole of India. It is a site that is basically an architectural astronomy instrument, having 13 of such instruments in total. Maharaja of Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh II had built the Jantar Mantar in 1723.

This observatory’s main purpose was to get together astronomical tables, study and predict the movements of the sun and moon, plus study and research the planets. One can say without a doubt that this is probably one of the most visited historical monuments in Delhi.

  • Address– Connaught Place, Sansad Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
  • Nearest Metro Station– Patel Chowk and Rajiv Chowk Metro Station
  • Timings– 9 AM – 5 PM, Open all days of the week
  • Entry fees– Rs. 25 for Indians, Rs. 100 for foreigners

14. Khirki Mosque

Khirki Mosque

The Khirki mosque was built by Khan-i-Jahan Junan Shah, the Prime Minister of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, a king of the Tughlaq dynasty of Delhi Sultanate. As far as New Delhi historical places go, ‘The Mosque of Windows‘ is a sure shot must-visit the monument of Delhi.

This quadrangular mosque has a peculiar architecture, having a mix of Hindu and Islamic architecture. Today, the mosque is in a damaged condition due to the wear and tear it has suffered over the years, but nevertheless, it still makes it to the top on the list of historical places in Delhi.

  • Address – A 107, near Khirki Masjid, Malviya Nagar, Delhi 110017
  • Nearest Metro Station – Malviya Nagar Metro Station
  • Timings – 7 AM – 7 PM, open all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Free

15. Khooni Darwaza

Khooni Darwaza

The Khooni Darwaza, also called the Lal Darwaza is one of the few surviving gates of Old Delhi. It was constructed under the kingship of Sher Shah Suri. This New Delhi historical monument has a sad history.

Time and again, it has been used by kings to execute their political rivals, be it their brothers, courtiers or sworn enemies, which is why it is called ‘Khooni Darwaza'(Bloody Gate). The most famous execution which took place here was of Dara Shikoh, the brother of Aurangzeb, whom he got executed at this location.

It is a rather peculiar addition in the list of historical and haunted places in Delhi. It doesn’t offer much architecturally and is built with Delhi quartzite stone.

  • Address – Khooni Darwaza, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Balmiki Basti, Vikram Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110002
  • Nearest Metro Station – Pragati Maidan Metro Station
  • Timings – Open on all times, on all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Free

16. Lodhi Gardens 

lodhi garden

One of the oldest and historical gardens in Delhi that quench your thirst of greenery while living in a skyscraper surrounded metropolitan.

The garden not only has many different specials of flowers, plants, and trees but also has different historical monuments from the Lodi dynasty period which are very old and very interesting to visit.

This garden, which has some of rarest flora and fauna you’ll find in the city of Delhi also has a vintage bridge just above a water body, making it a must-visit place for everyone.

  • Address – Lodi Gardens, Lodi Estate, New Delhi, Delhi 110003
  • Nearest Metro Station – Jor Bagh Metro Station and JLN Metro Station
  • Timings – 6 A.M. to 7.30 P.M, open all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Free

17. Mehrauli Archaeological Park 

Mehrauli Archaeological Park

One of the most beautiful historical places to visit in Delhi is the Mehrauli Archaeological Park. One Google search of Delhi images of historical places would tell you that. This 200-acre archaeological area is adjacent to the Qutub Complex.

This area has the ruins of Lal Kot, a place built by the Tomar Rajputs. Subsequently, this place came under the continuous occupation of subsequent dynasties such as the Lodhis, Tughlaqs and the Mughals. Places like Jamali Kamali Mosque and Tomb, Tomb of Adham Khan, and Jahaz Mahal all come in the area of this park.

  • Address – Anuvrat Marg Opposite Qutub Minar Metro Station, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Nearest Metro Station – Qutub Minar Metro Station
  • Timings – All days of the week, 8:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Entry Fees – Free

18. Mumtaz Mahal

Mumtaz Mahal

Located inside the premises of the Red Fort, the Mumtaz Mahal is only one out of the six palaces which are located facing the Yamuna river. All the six palaces had a connection with each other via the Nahr-i-Bishisht (Stream of Paradise).

Delhi images of historical places can reveal that. The palace is made out of white marble only in its lower parts of the construction. It has six apartments all partitions by piers and had beautiful floral decorations. Currently, it is used to house Mughal era art pieces.

  • Address – Red Fort, Old Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi 110006
  • Nearest Metro Station – Lal Qila Metro Station
  • Timings – 9.30 AM to 4.30 PM, Open all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Rs. 35 for Indians, Rs. 500 for foreigners

19. Purana Qila

Purana Qila

The Purana Qila, as the name suggests, is one of the oldest forts in the whole of Delhi, if not India. It is one of the best historical places to visit in Delhi. Having been continuously occupied for about 2500 years, this place is often considered to be ‘Indraprastha’, the capital of the ‘Pandavas’ from the Mahabharata.

That is some history for an old fort. Even archaeological evidence says that the fort predates the Mauryan period. The fort had later witnessed several constructions, some under the Mughals and Sher Shah Suri. It is a must-visit place for every tourist, considering its rich history.

  • Address – Mathura Rd, Near Delhi Zoo, New Delhi, Delhi 110003
  • Nearest Metro Station – Pragati Maidan Metro Station
  • Timings – 7:00 AM – 5:00 PM, open on all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Rs. 20 for Indians, Rs. 200 for foreigners

20. Qila Rai Pithora

Qila Rai Pithora

The Qila Rai Pithora is a 12th-century fortification which stands in the present-day Delhi. Its construction is attributed largely to Prithviraj Chauhan, though it’s not proven.

The fort has two distinct sites, one thought to be built in the 12th century by Prithviraj Chauhan, and the other considered to be built in the 16th century by the Tomaras.

The older site is called ‘Lal Kot‘ and the 16th-century one is known as Qila Rai Pithora. This place is considered to be the first city of Delhi which was ruled by a dynasty.

  • Address – Butterfly Park, Qila Rai Pithora, Sainik Farm, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Nearest Metro Station – Saket Metro Station
  • Timings – All days of the week, 7:00 AM – 7:00 PM
  • Entry Fees – Free

21. Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar Information

This World Heritage Site is one of the biggest attractions of Delhi. Having so much history around itself just makes this place better and better. Constructed by Qutub-Ud-din Aibak in 1192, it stands as a symbol of the start of the Delhi Sultanate in India.

It is also the tallest building in the world which is made fully out of bricks. It has a mix of India-Islamic architecture and is probably the first such building in India to have this architectural mix.

Located inside the Qutub complex, the building has a lot many different things such as tombs and mosques to look at around itself. One must visit the Qutub Minar if they are visiting Delhi.

  • Address – Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Nearest Metro Station – Qutab Minar Metro Station
  • Timings – 7 A.M – 11 P.M, Open on all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Rs. 35 for Indians, Rs. 550 for foreigners

22. Rajon ki Baoli

Rajon Ki Baoli

Situated inside the Mehrauli Archaeological Park, this famous stepwell was built in the period of the Lodhi dynasty. It is by far the biggest and the most decorated of the three Baolis in Mehrauli Archaeological Park. As one descends to the lower levels, one can see that it has about four different levels.

Every level has a floor and a courtyard-like open space, which is quite cool in terms of the temperature. One can see the incised plasterwork, which tells us about the beautiful architectural work which has been done in this place. In modern times, the Archaeological Survey of India has done a lot of desilting projects, helping raise the level of water in this stepwell.

  • Address – Anuvrat Marg Opposite Qutub Minar Metro Station, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Nearest Metro Station – Qutub Minar Metro Station
  • Timings – All days of the week, 8:00 AM – 6:30 PM
  • Entry Fees – Free

23. Red Fort

Red Fort

The Red Fort, also known as the Lal Qila is a historic fort in Delhi, India. It is a very well known historical place in Delhi in Hindi. It was constructed by Shah Jahan, a Mughal Emperor in the year 1639. It is fully made out of red sandstone.

This fort has many palaces that have in the different types of architectural styles combined. This fort is considered to be one of the best creations which have happened under the Mughal rule.

Unfortunately, a big part of this fort was destroyed at the end of the revolt of 1857 by the Britishers. Still, its glory and magnificence are second to none.

  • Address – Red Fort, Old Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi 110006
  • Nearest Metro Station – Lal Qila Metro Station
  • Timings – 9.30 AM to 4.30 PM, Open all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Rs. 35 for Indians, Rs. 500 for foreigners

24. Safdarjung Tomb

Safdarjung Tomb image

The Safdarjung tomb is one of the very few monuments made in the later Mughal period. It is the tomb of Nawab Safdarjung, who was a Prime Minister of that era. The tomb copies a lot of architectural intricacies from the Humayun’s tomb.

It is also a garden tomb just like many tombs of that era. The smaller pavilions attached alongside the time making it look as if it is a palace. But in magnificence, it comes nowhere near a palace.

Now under maintenance by the Archaeological Survey of India, the tomb has a library and a madrasa, both in running conditions. Overall, it is a very beautiful place to visit.

  • Address – Safdarjung Tomb, Airforce Golf Course, Delhi Race Club, New Delhi, Delhi 110021
  • Nearest Metro Station – Jor Bagh Metro Station
  • Timings – 7:00 A.M – 11:00 PM, Open on all days of the week
  • Entry Fees – Rs. 25 for Indians, Rs. 200 for foreigners

25. Shisha Gumbad

Shish Gumbad

The Shisha Gumbad is a dome-shaped structure located in the Lodi Gardens. It was built by Sikandar Lodi. Its height is such that one would think that it is a double-storeyed structure. The ‘glazed dome‘ is built in square shape and has remarkable architecture, especially the intricate ornamental work.

There are decorative floral patterns inscribed on the ceilings along with Quranic verses, making the tomb look extremely beautiful. The monument was originally decorated with blue enameled tiles that shined like glass.

  • Address– Lodi Gardens, Lodi Estate, New Delhi, Delhi 110003
  • Nearest Metro Station– Jor Bagh Metro Station and JLN Metro Station
  • Timings– 6 A.M. to 7.30 P.M, open all days of the week
  • Entry Fees– Free

26. Siri Fort

Siri Fort

Now lying in utter shambles, the Siri Fort was built under the rule of Alauddin Khilji to protect the city of Delhi from regular raids by the Mongols.

This fort was constructed in the second city of Delhi, known as Siri. Sir means ‘head’ in Hindi, and according to popular legends, this fort was named Siri Fort because of the severed heads of the Mongols who had lost the battles to Alauddin’s armies at the gates of this fort. This oval-shaped fort had seven gates at one time, but today, only two of them exist.

  • Address– Siri Fort, New Delhi, Delhi 110049
  • Nearest Metro Station– Green Park Metro Station
  • Timings– 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM, All days of the week
  • Entry Fees– Free

27. Sultan Ghari

Sultan Ghari

The Sultan Ghari was the first Islamic Mausoleum which was built in Delhi. It was built by Iltutmish for Prince Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud, his eldest son. One can easily find it on the list of historical places in Delhi in Hindi.

This area is now a part of the Qutub complex. This place was constructed for Iltutmish’s favorite son’s tomb. After his son’s death, Iltutmish only lived for 6 more years and his Tomb can also be found nearby the Sultan Ghari in the Qutub Complex.

The tomb of Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud is octagonal in shape, and is present inside a cave-like structure, and has a peculiar fortress design.

  • Address– Garhi’s Tomb Road, Ruchi Vihar, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, Delhi 110070
  • Nearest Metro Station– Central Secretariat Metro Station
  • Timings– 7:00 AM – 5:00 PM, Open on all days of the week
  • Entry Fees– Rs. 5 for Indians, Rs. 100 for foreigners

28. Tomb of Bahlul Lodi

Tomb of Bahlul Lodi

While looking for historical places in Delhi with pictures and names, the Tomb of Bahul Lodi is one such place that you would definitely come across. This tomb, as the name suggests, is of Bahlul Lodi, the founder of the Lodhi dynasty.

Today, it is part of the historic settlement of Chirag Delhi. This rubble masonry monument was built by Bahlul’s son Sikandar Lodi in the year 1489. The tomb is made out of red sandstone where a golden cup can be seen hanging over the grave.

There are five domes in the tomb and it has Hindu inscriptions on red sandstone. It is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India and was restored in 2005.

  • Address – A, 221, Chirag Dilli, New Delhi, Delhi 110017
  • Nearest Metro Station – Chirag Delhi Metro Station
  • Timings – Open all hours on all days
  • Entry fees – Free

29. Tomb of Sikandar Lodi

Sikandar Lodi Tomb

This is one of the most prominent tombs in the Lodhi Garden. This is the final resting place of Sikandar Lodi. Sikandar Lodi is best known for establishing the city of Agra, which will subsequently become his capital in a few years.

The tomb has an octagonal shape and its architecture is of Indo-Islamic style. The fortified complex of the tomb from where you can see the main entrance has two umbrella-shaped domes.

The tomb is right in the center of a large garden, emulating the designs of many such tombs of future kings. It is really a beautiful monument with a very beautiful design and ornamental decorations.

  • Address– Lodi Gardens, Lodi Estate, New Delhi, Delhi 110003
  • Nearest Metro Station– Jor Bagh Metro Station and JLN Metro Station
  • Timings– 6 A.M. to 7.30 P.M, open all days of the week
  • Entry Fees– Free

30. Tughlaqabad Fort

Tughlaqabad Fort History

The fort is one of the most amazing places for tourists and offers a plethora of space to explore for everyone, and is quite popular in a traveler’s search for historical places in Delhi with pictures and names. The fort was constructed under the reign of Ghiyas-Ud-din Tughlaq, the man who established the Tughlaq dynasty.

The fort beams with medical architectural structures that are great to observe. The fort is irregularly surrounded by passive stones, which are a kind of fortification. It has long halls beneath itself and has extra thick walls. But it is known because of a rumor that it is haunted due to a curse by Sufi saint Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya.

  • Address– Tughlaqabad Fort, Tughlakabad, New Delhi, Delhi 110044
  • Nearest Metro Station– Tughlakabad Metro Station
  • Timings– 7:00 AM – 5:00 PM, Open on all days of the week
  • Entry Fees– Rs. 5 for Indians, Rs. 100 for foreigners

Conclusion:

Visit these amazing historical places in Delhi to know more about their historical & cultural presence. These are the only wealth of Indian tourism and do admire their architecture and d much more.

India is the hub of religion, rich culture and various traditions that will be on top of every visitor’s list.

Bhuli Bhatiyari Ka Mahal: History, Haunted Story, & Metro station

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal

The capital city of Delhi in India has some of the world’s best heritage sites and monuments. It is a great place for any and every traveler. Whether you are traveling solo, or you are with your family and kids, you will see that this city offers something for everyone. 

Surprisingly (or unsurprisingly) enough, Delhi also has a number of locations that are deemed to be haunted, the most popular of them being the Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal.

Whether the place is haunted or not can be confirmed, but these allegations of being haunted make it a great location to observe and look at. Let us take a detailed look at this place-

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Overview

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Overview

The Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal is considered to be one of the most haunted places in the whole country. Today, the structure stands in ruins, where there are extremely fewer visitors.

The structure bears an unusual name, and there are various theories that might help people understand this peculiar name.

According to one theory, it is thought that this place became home to a very famous Sufi saint Bu Ali Bakhtiyari and Bhuli Bhatiyari is simply a distortion of that name.

Another theory suggests that this place is named after a Bhatiyarin (a tribal lady from Rajasthan), who apparently forgot her way and ended up at this place, because of which this place acquired this name. The structure has a huge masonry gate, which lies in rubbles.

It takes you towards a small area. In that area, you will find that there is another gateway which is made up of corbelled arches that take you towards the open square-shaped courtyard. There are many rooms adjacent to this courtyard, which must’ve been used by people before.

Towards the northern side, there’s a semi-circular structure that you can go to only via a flight of stairs. On one side of that semi-circular structure, the Delhi government has built a modern toilet so as to promote the Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Delhi as a tourist place, but due to the place being haunted, their efforts have been largely unsuccessful.

Another peculiar thing about this place that whenever the government has employed a security guard at this place, none of them have lasted more than a day or two. The main gate at this place also has a sign which says to not enter after sunset.

History of Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal

History of Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal

The Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal location is full of historical tales and folklores, only some of it is true. This place was, in reality, a hunting lodge that was built by king Feroz Shah Tughlaq, a mainstream king of the Tughlaq dynasty of Delhi Sultanate in the 14th century.

This structure bears a close resemblance to Malcha Mahal, another one of Tughlaq’s creations in his time as king. One can easily think of hunters and foragers using this place as a small fortress.

In the Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Delhi you will find that it has many architectural and construction similarities with elements that are seen in Islamic structures like mosques and other palaces of that era.

From the outside, one can also see that this lodge has bastions that resemble a fort. It gives a good clue about the fact that this place must have been a safe house where the emperor could be hidden in case of some calamity or an emergency. That is some mine blowing history for a ruined an abandoned lodge.

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Haunted Story

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Haunted Story

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal location, combined with the many haunted stories attached to it gives off a strange and unsettling vibe from the place. No one can be sure if this Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal haunted or not.

Logically speaking, it is not haunted and all of these are just rumors which are only driving away tourists from a very lovely spot. But considering that there are so many stories about the place being haunted, combined with the fact that not one guard employed by the government stays here for more than two days does make one wonder if this place is really haunted or not.

There have been many people who have been to this place numerous times and have experienced nothing which could be called a haunting experience. But there are many who have.

One such horror story which is quite common with this place is that many people who had decided to drift away from a little inside the jungle (about 2 kilometers inside) had tried to click a photo of a white-colored wall they had seen there. But while they stood there to adjust their camera settings, the white wall had somehow vanished into thin air, after which they ran away from there.

One story claims that the place became haunted as soon as the Sufi saint had left it. Another story says that a ‘fakir baba’ had reportedly cursed it, while aa third version says that this lodge was home to a neglected queen called ‘Bhatiyari’ who reportedly still haunts the place after her death, looking for salvation.

Read this blog of Top 20 Most Haunted Places to Visit in Delhi

Whatever the story behind the place being haunted, it is a given the Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal haunted tag of this place does have some stories behind itself.

Bhuli Bhatiyari for Couples

Bhuli Bhatiyari for Couples

The Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal address is quite secluded. Very few people visit this place due to the many different stories surrounding it.

It has a lot of potentials to be one of the very few places to visit in Delhi where couples can roam freely without having the need to be beware of other people’s eyes.

One can say that it is a great tourist spot for couples, provided your partner likes the idea of literally walking inside a haunted lodge covered by trees with you.

There are very few groups of people who like to visit this place at any hour of the day, so if you are planning to go to this place, you will definitely enjoy with your loved one as you can hold hands, cuddle the little and be in your own space without having the need to worry about anyone else who would judge you both.

Read this blog to know about 25 Parks and Monuments in Delhi for Teen Couples (Almost Free)

Go here with your loved one to have a great time with them. Sharing cosy moments in a public place has never been easier, right? Well, at a haunted place, you never know who is watching you.

How to Reach Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal

bhuli bhatiyari ka mahal location

Before visiting this place, it is important to know important details about it such as Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal address, Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal entry fees and Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal nearest metro station.

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Address

Central Ridge Reserve Forest, New Delhi, Delhi 110001

The place is located near Karol Bagh in Delhi. It is situated near the big statue of Lord Hanuman, which is apparently a major landmark in this area. A shop by the name of Bagga Link stands just adjacent to the statue, behind which there is a silent road which will take you towards your destination.

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Timings

It is open during all the hours of the day. However, it is highly recommended not to venture at this place after sundown, as no one knows if it is safe or not during that time.

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Entry Fees

The Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal entry fee is zero rupees. You can visit this location for free. That is quite understandable considering its haunted tag.

Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal Nearest metro station

The Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal nearest metro station is the Jhandewalan Metro Station. You can also go for Karol Bagh metro station or R.K Ashram Marg metro station.

Conclusion

couple Park in delhi

In the end, the only thing that remains to be seen is if the Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal is good enough for you and your group (or your partner) to visit. Mind you, the location is extremely beautiful and solitary, with no or very little number of people.

The jungle around the lodge makes it even more beautiful, as it gives it an extremely artistic look and s rustic design with a tint of nature. But there is also the added mystery of the place being haunted, which might make some people a little unwilling to go to the location.

Rest assured, the place has quite a good history and also offers something for architecture enthusiasts. The fact that you could visit this place for free, without having to worry about people just adds icing on the cake. Visiting such a place with your friends will definitely ensure that you will have a lot of fun at this place.

Places to visit near Bhuli Bhatiyari ka Mahal

References

Qutub Minar: Height, Timing, History, Architecture, Images Information

Qutub Minar Delhi

Delhi is not only the capital of India but also a place that successfully reached the pinnacle of modern technology at the same time kept their cultural heritage intact and alive. There is something in its air which will make you fall in love with the city instantly.

The city boasts of a big population where people from all around India can be found. The city also boasts of a rich historical past, having seen a lot of dynasties which clashed with each other on a lot of ideological and other beliefs.

But even then, it stands as an example of how historical details of ideas exist all but in history books and how peace and communal harmony should be the real religion of us humans.

The city also has some of India’s most famous historical landmarks and monuments, which are always filled with tourists and visitors.

One such world-famous historical monument is none other than the Qutub Minar. The Qutub Minar Delhi stands tall today as an example to the world about what Delhi’s culture really is. Let us take a detailed look at this monument below-

Overview – Qutub Minar Information

Qutub Minar Information

Being a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the tallest building in the world to be made out of bricks, the Qutub Minar Delhi is one of the most visited tourist destinations of India.

The height of Qutub Minar is 73 meters. But when you Google Qutub Minar height, the results might show the height as 239.5 feet.

But don’t worry, that is the correct Qutub Minar height, albeit in a different unit. The Qutub Minar complex, in which it stands today is considered to be one of the most famous arrays of historical monuments in the city of Delhi. It means that if you are traveling to Delhi, it is very much possible you will come across this talk structure at least once, just like many other tourists from around the globe.

The Qutub Minar has quite a lot of cultural heritage and deep historical background. All of these features, when combined with some of the most admired architecture in the world makes it a great place to visit, and it would be an utter shame if you come to Delhi leave it without visiting the Qutub Minar.

Qutub Minar History

Qutub Minar History

One of the best things about the Qutub Minar its unprecedented history, which involves over two different dynasties. The history of Qutub Minar is very much related to the entire history of India.

The Qutub Minar was built by the founder of the Delhi Sultanate and the first ruler of the Slave Dynasty, Qutb Ud Din Aibak.

He was the first-ever Muslim ruler in India. But Aibak was only able to complete the ground floor of this 5 storeyed monument, which was completed in 1192. This is why when you look at Qutub Minar images on the internet or anywhere else, you will see that there are quite a few differences in every floor of the Minar.

If you look for more Qutub Minar information, you will find out that the next three stories of Qutub Minar were built by Qutub Ud Din Aibak’s successor and his son-in-law, Shamsuddin Iltutmish. These three floors were added in the year 1220.

According to Qutub Minar history, in the year 1369, the topmost story of Qutub Minar was destroyed by a fierce lightning strike. At that time, the then ruler, Feroz Shah Tughlaq, a ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty undertook the work of repairing the damaged floor, whilst also adding an additional story to the Minar.

King Sher Shah Suri, under his small but significant period of kingship also added an additional gateway to the Qutub Minar. The Minar has also seen a repair done in the year 1505 when Sikandar Lodi was the king. The repair had to be done because another earthquake had stuck the beautiful minaret

The establishment of Qutub Minar in the year 1192 also marks the construction of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque by Qutb Ud Din Aibak only, who built Qutub Minar. The mosque standard as one of the earliest survivors of the Indo-Islamic architectural era which had gripped India after the start of the Slave dynasty.

There is a difference of opinion as to after whom the minaret is named after. Some say that it was named after Qutb Ud Din Aibak only while some say that it is named after a renowned Sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki.

One thing is for sure though, which is that this great monument has many inscriptions, which say that the Minar was built on the debris and ruins of many structures which were the legacy of Aibak’s enemies. This is not a surprising Qutub Minar information because in those times this is how rules and dynasties were established.

qutub minar complex

Also, Qutub Minar was built to honor the victory which was achieved by the new dynasty over the old one, which makes sense in using the debris of the constructions of the older dynasty.

There are several other significant monuments located within the Qutub Complex which surround the Qutub Minar. The most popular one is a nearby pillared cupola which is known as ‘Smith’s Folly‘. It is a 19th century cheaply restored tower which clearly shows that it could’ve looked way better had those additional floors were not added at the time of its restoration.

It was restored in the year 1828 when the Britishers in power at that time decided to repair the Qutub Minar, which was damaged by an earthquake in 1803. It was done under the orders of the Governor-General Field Marshal Viscount Hardinge.

In recent history, the Qutub Minar was under scrutiny when in 1981, due to a power failure, about 47 people, mostly children were killed in a stampede of around 500 people. After that, the topmost floor of the Minar is out of bounds for the general public.

It is also said that the tower is now haunted, as one lady who sneaked into the top of the Minar was said to be overtaken by paranormal forces after which she number from its topmost floor. In the year 1993, Qutub Minar was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Qutub Minar Architecture

Qutub Minar Architecture

The Qutub Minar Delhi boasts of Indo-Islamic architecture, given that it was a Muslim dynast who built Qutub Minar. The Qutub Minar architecture is inspired by the Minaret of Jam, which is located in Afghanistan.

Since the construction of the Qutub Minar was not completed just by one king, you can find the influences of different kings at different stories of this great monument. In fact, some stories of Qutub Minar was built by rulers from different dynasties, which is why the Qutub Minar architecture will have different influences at every story.

The world-famous minaret also has some local cultural-artistic adoptions, by which one can see looped bells, garlands and lotus borders which have been carved into the walls and ceilings of the building. The Minar also has different inscriptions in Parso-Arabic and Nagari characters which can be found inscribed in the different sections of itself. Those inscriptions also reveal a lot of information about the restoration and repair work which was done under the kingship of Sikandar Lodi and Firoz Shah Tughlaq.

The Minar, which finds itself in the Qutub Minar Complex has 5 different stories, all of which are superimposed and tapering. Last bottommost three stories comprise of fluted cylinder-shaped shafts or columns of pale red sandstone which find themselves separated by flanges and storeyed balconies.

All of these are carried on Muqarnas corbels. The fourth column of the Minar is made up of marble and is very plain insight. Also, the fifth column is made of red sandstone and marble. The flanges (attachment rib) is made up of a darker red looking sandstone through the whole constructed unit. All of them are engraved with Quranic texts and other decorative architectural ornaments.

history of qutub minar

This spiral-shaped tower has a staircase which is made up of 379 stars. It is beautifully constructed. Directly beneath the Minar, at its foot lies the Quwat ul Islam Mosque. The minaret also has a slight vertical tilt. It tilts about 65 centimeters from the vertical, which is considered to be within the safe limit. But in the opinion of many experts, the Minar needs close monitoring in the rainy season, as rainwater might seep down to the foundations of Qutub Minar and weaken it.

The Qutub Minar is an inspiration to many such similar structures which had been built by different rulers at different points in the history of the Indian subcontinent. Monuments like the Chand Minar, and the Mini Qutub Minar are a glaring reflection of the Qutub Minar in a lot of ways. This shows that the architecture of this monument has been quite popular since long.

Things to See on Qutub Minar Complex

If you look for more information about Qutub Minar, you will see that other than the Minar, there are a lot of places near Qutub Minar for the people to visit. Let us take a look at them and also look at the answer to the question “What is the height of Qutub Minar”-

  • Qutb Minar

Qutb Minar

Inside the Qutub Complex lies the tallest structure ever to be built by bricks known as the Qutb Minar, or the Qutub Minar. “What is the height of Qutub Minar” is quite a common google search. The height of Qutub Minar or Qutb Minar is 73 meters.

This red sandstone architectural marvel has 5 stories built in different eras. Today, this wonderful monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with people coming to experience its grandeur from all over the world. It is a star attraction to the city of Delhi and to India.

Its Indo-Islamic architecture, combined with the fact that it has 5 stories all from different periods of time adds a lot of charm to this iconic monument. It is regarded as one of India’s most beautiful Minar, inspiring many other monuments of similar architectural value.

There are many more places near Qutub Minar for people to see around Qutb Minar, in the Qutub Complex.

  • Tomb of Adham Khan

Tomb of Adham Khan

Adham Khan was the milk brother of the Mughal King Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar, also known as Akbar the Great. He was the third ruler of the Mughal dynasty, and possibly one of the greatest ruler that India has ever seen.

Adham Khan’s mother, Maham Anga was the wet nurse of Akbar in his childhood, thus making Adham his milk brother. Akbar had also made him a general in his army.

However, Adham Khan had murdered Akbar’s favorite general Ataga Khan, which made Akbar angry. This was the reason because of which Akbar ordered his execution by throwing him out of a window from the Agra fort.

According to Qutub Minar history, this tomb was built in the year 1562. It lies to the north of Qutub Minar, and it shows up when you look for Qutub Minar images on the internet.

When you look for more information about Qutub Minar, with suggestive searching you would see that this tomb shows up right before you enter the town of Mehrauli, and today, it is a protected site by the Archeological Survey of India, highlighting its importance in the fold of Indian history.

  • Alai Darwaza

Alai Darwaza

The Alai Darwaza is the main gateway if you enter the Qutub Minar from the southern side, right by the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. It was built by the second Sultan of the Khilji dynasty, Ala-Ud-din Khalji, who had also constructed court where the pillared eastern side stands.

This is a domed gateway and is made out of red sandstone and decorated with inlaid white marbles. It holds different inscriptions, Naskh script, latticed stone screens while showcasing beautifully the craftsmanship which is famous about Qutub Minar. Interestingly, the Alai Darwaza is the first such monument where total Islamic architectural principles were put in place.

The rulers of the dynasty before the Khalji dynasty, the Slave dynasty never used true Islamic architecture, with their structures full of false ceilings, false domes, and false arches. This is exactly why this monument is the first such instance where you could see that total Islamic architecture was unleashed while constructing this particular gateway.

It has pointed arches, the spearhead of fringes (identified as lotus buds) and many other ornamental beautifications. All of this only added to the grace of the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque to which it served as the entrance.

  • Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque

Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque

The Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque was constructed by Qutb-Ud-din Aibak, the founder of the Slave dynasty. This mosque was specially built to commemorate his victories over the Rajput clans.

This was the first big mosque which was built in India after a conquest. It is also the oldest surviving example of the ‘Ghurid’(an Iranian dynasty) architecture in India.

Qutb-Ud-din Aibak, who was the commander of the garrison of Mohammad Ghori (and later became the appointed king) started the construction of this mosque in the year 1193, mainly to leave a big impression on everyone about the greatness of Islam.

While learning more about Qutub Minar, it was seen that both the mosque and the Minar were being built simultaneously next to each other. The word ‘Qutub’ here also means pillar of Islam. The ‘Adhai-din-ka-Jhopra’ in Ajmer also reminds one of the same architecture which has been followed in the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque.

It is a historical fact that the mosque harbors remains from the debris of old structures which were built previously from other non-Islamic dynasties. There’s also a little dispute about the history of Qutub Minar, especially this mosque. Some historians say that it was Aibak’s successor Iltutmish who had built the mosque in reality, but sources for this information are not as many.

The mosque though lies in ruins today but still serves as the earliest known constructed mosques in India. The original plans of the mosque had a huge courtyard and a prayer hall to match the courtyard. The mosque boasts of grey colonnades made out of greystones.

Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque

There are a total of five bays, with three being in the east and two of them being deep in the north and the south of the mosque. The ogee shaped central arch of the mosque is bigger than its side arches. The screens have Quranic inscriptions and flower patterns on them. The Qutub Minar lies to the west of the mosque’s main entrance, and the Iron Pillar just in front of it.

The cloisters to the main courtyard, on which the whole mosque is built were added by Iltutmish anywhere between years 1210 to 1220 A.D. The stone screen which stands between the courtyard and the prayer hall was added in the year 1196.

The courtyard entrance has ‘mandap’ shaped domes, which were inspired by temples. The mosque’s construction kept going on even after the death of Aibak. Iltutmish expanded the prayer hall by building three additional arches. The construction which Iltutmish had undertaken has much more Islamic influence under it.

Additional construction to the mosque continued even after the Slave dynasty had ended, the Alai Darwaza being the perfect example of it, which was constructed by Alauddin Khalji during his reign in 1300.

As said above, the mosque stands in ruins today, but many of its inscriptions, ornamental details, pillars, and gateways are preserved. If you are visiting the Qutub Minar, this mosque also deserves a quick visit, especially if you’re an architectural enthusiast.

  • Iron Pillar

Iron Pillar

The Iron Pillar is one of the world’s most mysterious metallurgical creations. The pillar is said to be from a king from the Gupta Dynasty, King Chandragupta II Vikramaditya who ruled in the years 375 to 410 A.D.

The pillar was erected in the city of Udayagiri in the year 402 A.D. in front of a Vishnu Temple, meaning that is was originally in the modern-day Madhya Pradesh.

No one has concrete information as to when or why it was shifted, but it is thought to have been shifted later shifted by Anangpal in the 10th century CE from Udaygiri to its present location. The pillar was brought here to commemorate the construction of some monumental building.

The approximate weight of the ornamental bell on the pillar is about 646 kilograms, while the main structure of the pillar is assumed to be over 5 tones (5865 kilograms), taking the total weight above 6 tones.

The pillar also bears some Sanskrit inscriptions on itself, which may give an idea about its previous location. A deep socket on the top of the pillar suggests that it must’ve been a flagpole in its previous days.

But the thing which makes this pillar so mysterious and interesting is the fact that despite thousands of years since its construction, the pillar has rusted negligibly. This is such a mysterious thing because considering its age, this wrought iron pillar should not even exist anymore.

No modern iron pillar could exist for so long. It is a very major mystery as to how this pillar could survive for so long, that too without any sign of rust. This metallurgical mystery has not been solved to date.

  • Tomb of Iltutmish

Tomb of Iltutmish

The tomb of Iltutmish is another monument located inside the Qutub Complex in New Delhi. Iltutmish was the son in law of Qutb Ud Din Aibak, the first ruler of the Slave dynasty in India, with Iltutmish being the second Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate.

His tomb is thought to be built in the year 1235 A.D. by Iltutmish himself. The 9 mt. sq. central chamber has some squinches in itself, which suggest the presence of a dome that must have collapsed over time.

It is believed that after the collapse of the main dome, Feroz Shah Tughlaq had replaced it, but even that collapsed. This tomb is considered a landmark in Indo-Islamic architecture.

The main cenotaph (a hollow dome tomb) which is made up of white marble, and is put up on a raised platform which lies in the center of the whole structure.

In the chamber, one can see that its facade is quite popular for its ornate carvings, which can be seen both inside and outside the tomb on its entrance and the interior walls. These carvings are actually inscriptions in Kufi and Naskh characters, also consisting of geometric and arabesque patterns carved out in Saracenic tradition.

The western wall in the chamber’s interior consists of three niches (Mirhabs). The central one is a prayer niche which is decorated with marbles and many other Indo-Islamic architectural amalgamations such as bell and chain, lotus, diamond emblems, tassel, etc.

The grave chamber was discovered in the year 1914 during an excavation by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). It is located to the north of the tomb, from where 20 steps down lead towards the burial vault of the second Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate.

  • Tomb of Imam Zamin

Tomb of Imam Zamin

The tomb of Imam Zamin was constructed in the 16th century, meaning that it was constructed roughly 350 to 400 years after the initial construction of the Qutub Minar.

This tomb houses the remains of Mohammad Ali, who was popularly known as Imam Zamin. Imam Zamin was an educated Islamic cleric who had migrated to India from Turkestan during the reign of Sikandar Lodi, a king of the Lodi dynasty.

This particular tomb was built by Mohammad Ali himself, who built it during the reign of King Humayun, the second Mughal emperor. Interestingly enough, in the whole Qutub Minar location, this specific tomb has absolutely no connection whatsoever with any other monument located inside the Qutub complex, making it a strange attraction for the tourists.

  • Alai Minar of Khalji

Alai Minar of Khalji

It was Alauddin Khalji who had started the construction of the Alai Minar. He started its construction right after he had doubled the size of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque in the year 1311 A.D.

His plan was to make this tower twice as high as the Qutub Minar in proportion with the enlarged mosque, but its construction was completely abandoned after his death, and none of Alauddin Khalji’s successors of the Khalji dynasty undertook to complete its construction. The Alai Minar only has had its core ground story constructed, which is 24.5 meters high(80 feet).

The first story of this incomplete structure is a giant rubble masonry core and is still intact today. Amir Khusrau, a very well noted Sufi poet and a saint in his times mentioned in his work Tarikh-i-Alai about Alauddin Khalji and his intentions to extend the mosque and to build another Minar. It is a good chance that he was, in fact, talking about the Alai Minar only.

  • Ala-Ud-din Khalji’s tomb and Madrasa

Ala-Ud-din Khalji's tomb and Madrasa

This is an interesting monument at the Qutub Minar location. At the back end of the complex, just towards the southwest of the mosque lies an L-shaped construction unit, where the tomb of Alauddin Khalji lies.

The tomb dates back to about 1316 A.D. Also stands at that location is a madrasa (an Islamic school) which was built by Alauddin only. Alauddin, who ruled from 1296 to 1316 A.D. was the second Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate from the Khalji dynasty.

The central room of the building, which has the tomb of Alauddin has lost its tomb, but even today many rooms of the madrasa are still in one piece, many of them having been restored over time. Agar one point in time, there were two small which were directly connected to the tomb through two small passages on either side.

Some historians suggest that there were seven rooms to the west of the tomb, two of which had domes and windows. Historians and archaeologists have deciphered from the tomb’s remains that at one point there existed an open courtyard just to the west and south of the building of the tomb and that there must’ve been a room in the north serving as an entrance to the building.

This tomb was the first instance where a tomb was standing by a madrasa. The Alai Minar lies just nearby the tomb, which was an ambitious project of Alauddin Khalji by which he wanted to rival the Qutub Minar itself. Today, it stands incomplete just towards the northern side of the mosque.

Qutub Minar Visitor Information

Qutub Minar Information

Before going to Qutub Minar, it is important to know important information like an online ticket for Qutub Minar, Qutub Minar nearest metro station, Qutub Minar timing, etc. Let us have a look at these things-

  • Qutub Minar Timings

There has been a change in Qutub Minar timings. These days, the Qutub Minar timings have changed because the government has started displaying warm LED lights during the night time on the Minar. The Qutub Minar timing is from morning 7 A.M. tonight 10 P.M. on all days.

  • Qutub Minar Online Ticket

Online ticket for Qutub Minar can easily be booked. Many travel websites help you in booking Qutub Minar ticket online. The Qutub Minar entry fee for Indians is Rs. 35 and Qutub Minar entry fee for foreigners is Rs. 550. You night niche additional charges if you book Qutub Minar online ticket, but booking Qutub Minar ticket online can save you a little trouble.

  • Qutub Minar Location

The address of Qutub Minar in Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030. It is located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi, which comes in Delhi’s south-west area. It is located inside the Qutub Complex.

  • Qutub Minar Nearest Metro Station

Qutub Minar nearest metro station is the Qutab Minar Metro Station from where you can easily reach the Minar. The station is located on the Yellow line of Delhi Metro.

Conclusion:

Delhi offers one a lovely mix of vibrant cultures mixed with a fine dash of modernity, which is why you will always feel at home in Delhi. Delhi is a city which offers everything for everyone. It is a city which is full of heart, and you will find some of the most amazing and lively people in this city.

Places to Visit Near Qutab Minar

Reference Links:

 

Safdarjung Tomb: Timings, Tickets and Metro Station Delhi

Safdarjung Tomb

The city of Delhi is probably the most happening city of India. One can even say that it breathes of multiculturalism, and the localities of Delhi know how to live peacefully asking men of a different culture, while also having utmost fun with it.

The architecture and the heritage of the city speak volume about itself. It is one of the few cities of India where one will find a local who can be the native of any part of India, be it from the south, north-east of the western parts of India.

Such is the diversity and culture of this city. Delhi, which is situated in the ‘heart’ of India can surely be called the literal heart of the nation just because of its take on the Indian culture and the unity in diversity of the nation. In this city, one finds the beautiful and the ever so holy Safdarjung Tomb.

Safdarjung Tomb Overview

Safdarjung Tomb
Image 1: Safdarjung Tomb view with garden.

The Safdarjung Tomb New Delhi is the last built Mughal structure in the country, which was built for one of the later Mughal Prime Ministers Nawab Safdarjung.

The time speaks by itself about its later Mughal period architecture and can be seen having a dominating shadow over anyone and everyone who visits the place. The tomb is the last one to be built in the garden enclosed tradition of Humayun’s tomb.

But it is in no way as large and magnanimous as it. The tomb, along with the main structure also has some other smaller pavilions attached to it, giving it a palace-like look. These pavilions also have their own names, which one might find rather peculiar.

This heritage location also has a madrasa (Islamic school), which today is a library and is maintained by the Archeological Survey of India.

The tomb in itself is an extremely beautiful structure which is sometimes called ‘the last lamp of Mughal architecture in Delhi’ by many historians and architecture experts.

One can only understand its glorious and extravagant beauty only after paying a visit to this structure. Let us have a detailed look at the Safdarjung tomb.

Safdarjung Tomb History

Safdarjung Tomb History
Image 2: Safdarjung Tomb front view

The tomb has quite a history behind itself. Many think that Safdarjung tomb Delhi Sultanate is a thing, but when you look at who built Safdarjung tomb, you will come to see that it was built during the Mughal era, not in the era of the Delhi Sultanate.

The tomb was built in the memory of Mirza Muqim Abul Mansur Khan in the year 1754, who was also popularly known as Safdarjung. Safdarjung was an independent ruler of Awadh who had a very big empire. He ruled Awadh under the Viceroyalty of the Mughals.

At one point in history, it is said that he was the richest man in India. The Nawab moved to Delhi after the death of the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.

When Ahmad Shah Bahadur ascended the Mughal throne in 1748, Safdarjung was made the Prime Minister or locally called ‘Vizier’ of the Mughal kingdom.

Read: Tughlaqabad Fort: History, Timing, Metro Station & Couples Things to Do

His official title went as ‘Wazir ul-Mamalik-i-Hindustan’. Even though the Mughal dynasty was at its decline when Nawab Safdarjung became the Prime Minister of India (or the Mughal kingdom) it still impacted a lot of people, especially the people of North India, where the Mughals were still rulers.

It is said that Safdarjung had an extremely big influence in the Mughal court. So much so, that in many historical accounts, the Mughal king is considered all but a ‘puppet’ king of the Vizier. It was Safdarjung who was thought to have snatched away almost all the political and kingly power at that time.

The figurehead king was far away from kindly matters, dividing most of his time between wine, opium and the carnal pleasures of women.

With time, the control of the Vizier tightened over the Mughal King Ahmad Shah Bahadur, it reached certain levels of cruelty where it started affecting the Mughal family.

Safdarjung was later dismissed by the Mughal Emperor from his duties and the king had to ask for the help of the Marathas, who had to fight off the Vizier from Delhi.

Nawab Mirza Muqim then again ran off to his kingdom of Awadh in the latter part of the year 1753. A year later, in 1754, Nawab Safdarjung died at the age of 46 in Sultanpur.

After his death, it was his son Nawab Shuja-ud Daula who took his pleads to the ear of the Mughal Emperor so that he can have permission to build a tomb for his father in Delhi. The Emperor finally heeded to the repeated pleas and granted permission to build the tomb as Nawab Safdarjung’s final resting place.

His son then got the tomb constructed, which if believed is designed by an unnamed Abyssinian architect. So, even though the tomb has Mughal architecture, the Safdarjung tomb was built by his son Shuja-ud Daula and not by the Mughal King, which many people don’t know about. The history of the tomb is certainly an interesting one, with a lot many twists and turns involved in it.

Safdarjung Tomb Architecture

Safdarjung Tomb Architecture
Image 3 – Safdarjung Tomb Architecture Overview

The Safdarjung tomb architecture consists of Mughal style construction, which can be seen in the material used to build it, which is red sandstone. Also, the small detailed work which ornaments it. If sources are to be believed, it was designed by an unnamed Abyssinian architect.

The tomb is considered to be the last monumental tomb garden of the Mughals which was built on the line of Mughal Emperor Humayun’s tomb. The slabs used in the construction of this architectural marvel are from the tomb of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, who was one of the favorite courtiers of Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great.

There are four key features to this tomb-the first one is the ‘Char Bagh plan‘ which has the mausoleum of Nawab Safdarjung in the center, the second one is a nine-fold floor plan, the third being a facade divided into five different parts and the fourth and final one being a large podium which also has a hidden stairway.

The walls of the main dome are built quite high. It has a height of about 92 meters. When you enter the tomb, you come across the double-storeyed main gate and its facade, which has beautifully ornamented designs on its plastered surfaces and it is painted in ornate purple color.

From there, you enter the main tomb, which has some beautiful Mughal era architecture with a hint of the later Mughal period construction, breathtakingly beautiful.

It seems quite a befitting resting place for someone of the stature of Safdarjung, who had an enormous control and influence over the Mughal Empire in his best days.

Safdarjung Tomb image
Image 4: Safdarjung Tomb walls

There is a visible quote in Arabic which translates to “When the hero of plain bravery departs from the transitory, may he become a resident of god’s paradise”.

After you enter through the gateway and look at the backside of the entrance, you will see many rooms and a library. Towards the right, there is a mosque having a structure of three domes which is marked with stripes.

The Safdarjung Tomb Delhi is built in the style of the Taj Mahal. But when you try to find more about Safdarjung tomb history and its architectural connection with the Taj Mahal, you will see that though their facade is similar, the tomb’s facade lacks symmetry which makes the tomb look unbalanced.

But one can say that the minarets at four different corners being the part of the main tomb are different from Taj, where the minarets are away from the tomb and not a part of it.

Architectural experts are both in awe of the mausoleum while also being critical of it. Many architects criticize the construction of the mausoleum due to the asymmetrical and hasty construction. Some also criticize it for the poor quality of materials that had been used to build it.

The critics are even critical of the color of the walls which arose due to the low-quality construction materials used.

Many say that this poor quality of sandstone and other construction material happened due to the Mughal Empire being at their decline at the time of the tomb’s construction, because of which we see asymmetrical patterns and lower quality of construction materials. Nevertheless, it is still a place worth a visit, mainly due to its architectural beauty.

Things to See in Safdarjung Tomb

Main Safdarjung Tomb

Safdarjung Tomb image
Image 5: Safdarjung Tomb whole view

The main tomb of the mausoleum is where one would find the final resting place of the Nawab for whom the tomb was built. It is the place because of which the whole structure had to be constructed. The mausoleum is made of red sandstone and buff, just like many other Mughal monuments.

Seeing it whilst entering through the main entrance gives quite a view of it. The square-shaped central chamber consists of eight partitions with an empty tomb right in the middle. The tomb’s interior is plastered around by the magnanimous rococo plaster combined with other decorations and ornaments.

Safdarjung majar
Image 6: Safdarjung Majar view

Around the main tomb, one would find four other polygon shaped towers at the corners. Each tower has its own kiosk. Each tower also boasts of faded marble panels and beautiful arches.

The tomb also has an underground chamber where one will find the mortal remains of Nawab Safdarjung and his wife, resting peacefully in their final place of being.

It is truly a place of tranquil and serenity, which is both due to the construction style of the place and also due to the fact that it is in fact, a tomb where Nawab Safdarjung and his wife are resting peacefully in their graves.

Moti Mahal

Moti Mahal
Image 7: Moti Mahal view

Moti Mahal is one of the pavilions which are constructed within the tomb. The Moti Mahal is the pavilion that has been laid out in the northern part of the tomb. It is built in the center of the northern enclosure wall.

It is an arcaded multi-chambered spacious pavilion which has been built on a raised platform. This type of construction is a stark representation of the architecture from the period of the later Mughals. It is also identical to the pa millions built in the southern and western sides.

Moti Mahal
Image 8: Moti Mahal information

The arcaded pavilion, ‘Moti Mahal‘ has storage tanks on either corner of its roof and is connected to a covered channel that runs through the northern enclosure of the wall of this pavilion. The northern part of the fountain is made operational with the help of the tanks connected to the water channel on this pavilion.

Jangli Mahal

Jangli Mahal
Image 9: Jangli Mahal view

The Jangli Mahal is another one of those pavilions who were constructed in the tomb. This pavilion has been laid out in the western direction of the tomb. It draws architectural similarities with the other two pavilions, one of them being the Moti Mahal.

The Jangli Mahal is a multi-chambered and is arcaded, just like the other two pavilions. All three arcaded pavilions had provisions for the storage of water.

Jangli Mahal info
Image 10: Jangli Mahal information

The water, which when released went through the tanks above the roof and cascades under the platforms used to make the fountains in the water channels of the garden operational.

There are overhead tanks placed on either corner of the pavilion’s roof. As expected, it is clearly connected with the water channels of the garden, making the fountain from the western direction operational. The tank has its connection enclosed through the western wall of the pavilion.

Badshah Pasand

Badshah Pasand
Image 11: Badshah Pasand view

This pavilion was constructed at the southernmost end of the tomb. This south-facing and arcaded pavilion have been erected on a very high podium which is perched on the southern enclosure wall and is embellished with the beautifully carved ceiling, all in red sandstone.

One can see beautiful geometric and floral patterns revealing themselves to the human eye. This specific pavilion is found with a storage tank on its eastern side. Unlike the other pavilions, its water channel is not enclosed but uncovered.

Badshah Pasand
Image 12: Badshah Pasand info

The tank is connected with the uncovered water channel which flows through the southern enclosure wall. It makes the southern part of the fountain in the garden operational.

All the three pavilions had the Nawab’s family reside in them at a certain point in time.

Water Channel

Water Channel
Image 13: Water Channel

The water channel of the Safdarjung tomb is a well-connected system of the waterway which makes the fountains of the garden operational. There are four fountains on each of the four sides, all of them being currently not under operation.

The craftily constructed fountains and water channels take their water supply from the overhead tanks attached on to the roofs of each of the pavilions which are present in the southern, northern and western corners of the tomb.

The water channels, along with the garden form the beautiful outside part of the tomb, which looks beautiful with the fountains at work.

Almost all old architecture had room for rainwater harvesting, and this place also follows suit in that regard. The overhead water tanks recycle hai rainwater and use that for the water channels.

Char Bagh

Char Bagh
Image 13: Char Bagh ( garden view inside Safdarjung tomb

The Char Bagh is the beautiful, lush green garden located just outside the main tomb. It is what everyone generally calls the Safdarjung Tomb garden. Together with the water channel, it gives the tomb an extremely royal and magnanimous look.

This large square garden surrounds the tomb and is itself surrounded by walls which are around 920 meters in height. The garden has been laid out in the form of four squares which has wide footpaths and water tanks, which are again divided into smaller squares.

This garden is called Char Bagh because it is built in the ‘Char Bagh‘ garden style which had been adopted by the Mughals. Also, this garden is but a smaller copy of the garden which is located at Humayun’s tomb. From the garden, all the different things at the Safdarjung tomb are visible.

One channel from the garden leads to the main entrance gate. The other one leads to the three pavilions, which now have the offices of Archeological Survey of India (ASI) in them. One can also see the main podium over which the whole mausoleum is built. It is 50 meters in height.

All the pavilions, octagon pillars and chhatris, different entrances, the courtyard and the mosque from a specific part of the garden, and are visible from the green fields itself. The garden makes Safdarjung Tomb for couples a great place to hang out.

Publication Counter

Publication Counter
Image 14: Publication Counter at Safdarjung tomb

The publication counter at the Safdarjung tomb is located at the main gate of the tomb where one can also find the library which is under the maintenance of the Archaeological Survey of India.

At the publication counter, one can find all sorts of literature related to the tomb and the people involved in the history of its construction.

One who has a deep interest in history and architecture would love to spend a good deal of time at this counter, as there is a lot of things which they can learn about this tomb, the Mughal Empire, Later Mughal architecture and most importantly, Nawab Safdarjung and the Mughal Emperor at that time. All of this literature is extremely valuable and is not easily available everywhere.

How to Reach Safdarjung Tomb

Safdarjung Tomb images
Image 15: Safdarjung Tomb view with trees

It is important to know stuff like Safdarjung Tomb nearest metro station, Safdarjung Tomb ticket and other important Safdarjung tomb information before visiting the place so that you do not become prey to unnecessary confusion which spoils your trip.

  • Safdarjung Tomb Address

The address of Safdarjung tomb is Safdarjung Tomb, Airforce Golf Course, Delhi Race Club, New Delhi, Delhi 110021. It is located at the intersection of Safdarjung Road and Aurobindo Marg.

  • Nearest Metro Station to Safdarjung Tomb

The nearest metro station to the Safdarjung tomb is the Jor Bagh metro station from where it takes only about 3 minutes to reach the tomb. One can reach the metro station via the yellow line metro.

  • Reaching Safdarjung Tomb by Road

The Safdarjung tomb location is quite a prime one. If you are traveling there by bus, you should buy the ticket either to the Jor Bagh bus stop or the Safdarjung Madarsa bus stop. One can even visit this location by air if they choose to land at the Safdarjung Airport, which is the nearest airport to the tomb.

  • Safdarjung Tomb Tickets

The Safdarjung tomb tickets cost about Rs. 15 for Indians and Rs. 200 for foreigners. The Safdarjung tomb parking facilities are also available and fee-only Rs. 20/ The Safdarjung tomb photography ticket costs Rs. 25 for a video camera. For a still camera, there is no ticket, meaning that it is free to take a still camera with you.

  • Safdarjung Tomb Timings

Initially, the Safdarjung Tomb Timings were from 7 am in the morning to 6 pm in the evening, on all days of the week.

But now, since the July of 2019, the Union government had illuminated special LED light frames on the arches, pavilions, chhatris and on the tomb, which will be open for the public to view from 7 P.M. to 11 P.M.

on all days of the week. It is a special initiative done on many other tourist heritage monuments of Delhi also so that the tourism industry gets a boost.

Conclusion

In the end, one can conclude about the Safdarjung tomb that it is a place of great heritage and magnanimous architecture, which while adorns the city of Delhi, also highlights the decline of the Mughal dynasty.

Today, it is a very well-recognized tourist location, for extremely good reason and manages to attract a lot of tourists, both locals and non-locals to itself.

Its extremely interesting yet complex history, combined with the intricately detailed architecture, the lush green fields and the serenity it has in store for a visitor, it surely is a must-visit location for everyone.

It is a perfect family spot where you can enjoy even as a couple. Children who visit here can also learn a lot about the history of Delhi. In short, do not waste your time looking for other historical monuments, as none compares to the grandeur of the Safdarjung Tomb, Delhi.

Places to visit near Safdarjung Tomb

References:

Chirag Delhi Dragah: An Overview Travel Guide

Chirag Delhi

In the vast continent of South-East Asia, India stands as an example to the whole world. We are the largest democracy in the world, with a population of over 120 crores.

The thing which also adds glitter to our reputation is us being a democratically elected country where the practice of secularism has been safeguarded since times immemorial.

Every culture and religion is welcomed in India, and people of different cultures have lived here harmoniously for many years. Delhi, the capital of India is a stark example of this.

The city, which has seen many dynasties come and fall apart stands as an example of cultural harmony. It has many religious monuments, temples, and mosques which co-exist peacefully with each other.

People of different religions are tolerant towards each other and respect each other’s religion. India, the land of the Indus, Himalayas, and knowledge stands as an example to every Asian country on religious harmony and cultural preservation.

The Chirag Delhi Mosque, Delhi is one such example of how a mosque has prospered and has become quite a famous tourist destination in the environment of communal harmony between different religions. Let us take a detailed look at the mosque-

Chirag Delhi Mosque Overview

Chirag Delhi Mosque

The ‘Chirag-e-Delhi’ mosque is located in the Chirag is located in the Village of Chirag, Delhi. The place is accessible from the road via the Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg. The mosque is actually a mausoleum (a burial tomb) of the world-famous Sufi Saint Hazrat Nasiruddin Mahmud Chiragh Dehlavi.

He was actually the one who famously got the name Chirag-e-Delhi. After his death, this mausoleum was built by the Sultan of Delhi at that time, Firoz Shah Tughluq in the year 1358. Later with the advent of time, the mausoleum got newer constructions built-in itself, such as two new gates, a mosque in the later 18th century along with others.

This Tughluq era architectural shrine was famous among both Muslims and non-Muslims even at that time. However, one can see that Qawwalis are not performed at the ‘dargah’ of this Sufi saint due to it being considered ‘unislamic’ by some.

The dargah in itself is an extremely beautiful work of architecture. It holds a very holy and pious feel to it, because of which you will want to come here again and again. That is the beauty of India, a monument of a different religion attracts people from every religion, which is not seen anywhere in the world.

Hazrat Nasiruddin Chirag- Biography

Hazrat Nasiruddin Chirag

Hazrat Nasiruddin Chirag Dehlavi, also known as Nasiruddin Mahmud Chirag was a Sufi saint of the order of Chisti. He is considered the last of the important Sufi saints in Delhi who were from the Chisti order. This famous Sufi saint is known as Chirag-e-Delhi.

  • Family and Birth

Before becoming a Sufi saint, Hazrat Nasiruddin Chirag held the name Syed Nasiruddin Mahmud Al-Hassani. He was born around the year 1274 in Ayodhya, which is in modern-day Uttar Pradesh. Syed Nasiruddin’s father, whose name was Syed Mahmud Yahya AlHassani was a trader, most importantly trading in Pashmina shawls and other Pashmina related clothes.

The grandfather of Hazrat Nasiruddin was incidentally an immigrant, who had first migrated from Khorasan(north-eastern Iran) to Lahore and afterward to Ayodhya, where he had settled permanently after some time. Hazrat Nasiruddin’s father took his last breath when he was only 9 years old, which was a big shock to him.

Not much can be found about Hazrat Nasiruddin’s mother, or if he had any brothers and sisters. This seems to be all the information which is available on his the family of Hazrat Nasiruddin.

  • Education

It was the mother of Hazrat Nasiruddin who helped him in getting good Islamic education after the death of his father. He was devout towards his religion since his childhood. However, there’s a little conflict about his early days of education.

According to some sources, he had reportedly studied ‘Bazoodi’ from Qazi Mohiuddin Kashani. But some sources contradict this and say that he studied ‘Bazoodi’ and ‘Hadaya’ from Maulana Abdul Karim Sherwani.

After the demise of Abdul Karim Sherwani, Hazrat Nasiruddin found himself being sent to Maulana Iftikharuddin of Gilan, who is said to be extremely aware of many different branches of Islam. From his teachers, he acquired unprecedented knowledge about different aspects of Islam and general life.

Chiragh Dehlavi

Hazrat Nasiruddin Chirag renounced this world of materialism at the very young age of 25. At that age, he began his strivings (mujahids) against the Nafs. From that time, it is said that for about 8 long years, he could be seen dwelling in the forests and mountains of Awadh, where he would fast a lot. Often he would break his fast from surrounding herbs and other leaves. This was also a part of his education which bought him close to nature and helped him in learning many survival skills.

  • Khilafat

Hazrat Nasiruddin had come to Delhi aged 43, where he joined the circle of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya and became his ‘mureed’. During the end of Nizamuddin Auliya’s life, he observed that his mureed, Nasiruddin had accomplished all tasks which one requires in order to become a dervish, he immediately appointed him as a ‘Khalifa’(divine successor) which was considered to be in line with the will of the divine.

After his appointment, Hazrat Nasiruddin was given Tabarrukaat (sacred relics), which were of the Chishti Order.
Even though Amir Khusro, an extremely brilliant and devout mureed of Nizamuddin Auliya seemed to have all the qualifications, it was Nasiruddin who was made the Khalifa, because according to Nizamuddin Auliya, it was Allah’s will.

Hazrat Nasiruddin did well to maintain the ‘silsila’ traditions and after the death of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya, he did well in spreading the teachings of his mission throughout India. He became extremely popular at that time, with the word about his spiritual teachings reaching as far as Persia, Arabia, and even Egypt.

But in his early days of Khilafat, he had to endure extreme difficulties. At times, he had to fast for days at a stretch, and when he was given even one roti with sabzi, he used to treasure that little meal.

Fasting was to be done every day by him. He wouldn’t accept any food rations from his relatives. He even disguised himself as a ‘Peer Baba’ so that his poverty can be concealed from the world. But in some time, his situation improved.

He used to order the preparations of very delicious food for his mureeds and guests. He liked serving them by himself, while he used to give them small and short lessons on Islam.

  • Title of Chiragh

Hazrat Nasiruddin Dehlavi, who is famous as Chirag-e-Delhi has many different stories attached to how he got the title of ‘Chiragh’ or lamp.

One story goes as follows- While he was building a water reservoir for his pir, the Sultan at that time, Sultan Ghiyasuddin ordered that all the oil supplies to him be stopped so that no work could be done during the night time.

At that time, Hazrat Nasiruddin performed a miracle and asked that water be put in the lamps in place of oil. The water in the lamps then suddenly transformed into oil, which let the workers work at night. The water reservoir was then built on time.

There’s another story which is attached to the origin of his name talks about how he once went to a ‘mehfil’ (gathering) of one of his murshids and some other Sufis where he did not like the place at which he was asked to sit.

That was because his back would then have to face some other dignitaries who were also present there. At this, his mentor Nizamuddin Auliya said that “A Chirag has no back.” This is considered a more authentic story about how he got the title of ‘Chiragh’.

  • Death

Khwaja Nasiruddin Chiragh took his last breath in the year 1357 AD or 17 Ramzan 757 Hijri. He was about 82 or 83 years old at the time of his death. He was a man of wisdom, which made him realize that his silsila’s fragmentation was inevitable.

Due to this, he did not appoint any ‘Khalifa-e-Azam’, or a foremost successor. He concluded that if the weight of the silsila was to fall on the shoulders of any one of the mureeds, they would not be able to carry it on their shoulders. He also thought that one reason for it was the destruction of Delhi at the hands of Muhammad Tughlaq.

This decision of his prompted him to ask his mureeds to bury the tabarrukat (sacred relics) of the silsila with him. It was Hazrat Nizamuddin’s very close aide, mureed and Khalifa Hazrat Khwaja Bande Nawaz Gaisu Daraz who had performed the task of ‘ghusal’(cleaning and bathing the dead body). The strings of the ‘charpai'(a traditional bed made of strings) of Hazrat Nasiruddin were cut off by him and later used as a relic.

In 1358, the Sultan of Delhi, Firoz Shah Tughlaq built this great Sufi saint’s mausoleum which later witnessed the addition of two more gates.

Read: Tughlaqabad Fort: History, Timing, Metro Station & Couples Things to Do

Things to See in Chirag Delhi Dargah

  • Dargah

Chirag Delhi Dargah

As talked about before, the dargah or the mausoleum was built in the year 1358 by the then Sultan of Delhi, Firoz Shah Tughlaq. At one point of time, the Dargah was a full-fledged fort, with green gardens and even water bodies in itself.

But today, if one goes there, you will find that the place is today a rather cramped urban jungle, with the mausoleum somewhat lost between all the development and concrete. But one finds that even today, the dargah has not lost its sanctity. Also, for most visitors, the concrete maze adds an exciting twist which they seem to enjoy.

In the modern village of Chirag, which has developed around the village, one sees that finding the mausoleum is a rather tedious task. The village has a father mixed population of Hindus and Muslims, which represents the culture of India.

Both the communities regularly socialize in different local festivals. Many local Hindus say that when their family members get ill, they take them to Chirag Delhi Dargah. They say that it helps heal them miraculously, which is quite a thing.

Even though the dargah is in ruins, with the plaster falling off and the paint fading from many places, there are still many people who visit the dargah, only because of its sheer holiness. The popularity of the dargah is pan-religion, and that is what makes it so great.

  • Takht

Chirag Delhi Takht

The dargah has two gateways, which were added to the mausoleum afterward. Today, there is one outer wall and four different gates which enclose the whole structure.

Out of the four gates, it is the Eastern Gateway which is called the ‘taketh Darwaza’. It is a two-storeyed door which has two piers. One could notice that those piers were meant to hold a wooden door in place.

Today, there is no such wooden door. It is one of those gates which were added to the structure at a later period. It is a popular structure of the mausoleum which attracts people to it.

  • Namaaz Hall

Chirag Delhi Namaaz Hall

The namaaz hall is also one of the several additions which were made to the dargah after its completion. The hall today is used to recite ‘namaaz’(Islamic prayers) 5 times a day.

The hall was previously known as ‘Majlis Khana’ or an ‘Assembly Hall’. It was also called the ‘Mahfil Khana’ or the ‘Symposium Hall’. This hall, along with a mosque was constructed by the Mughal King-Emperor Farrukhsiyar to honor the famous and holy Sufi saint.

  • Graves

Chirag Delhi Graves

The dargah has in itself the mausoleum of the great Sufi saint Hazrat Nasiruddin Chirag Delhi. His grave can found in the tomb of the dargah, which went through different phases of renovation throughout its history.

Today, one can see it being enclosed by a square-shaped chamber, which garments support from 12 different pillars. There are also some shaped towers at every corner which support a larger dome which can be seen sitting on an octagonal shaped drum.

This chamber has now been enclosed by perforated screens (translucent curtains) from which one can look at the resting place of Hazrat Nasiruddin Chiragh and witness the holiness within.

  • Other Sufi Dargah

Chirag Delhi Sufi Dargah

The disciples and descendants of Hazrat Nasiruddin are found quite far and wide from Delhi. Some are found to be as far as Hyderabad. In Ayodhya, one can find the Dargah of Badi Bua or Badi Bibi, who is considered to be the elder sister of Hazrat Nasiruddin Dehlavi.

There are many other such Dargahs of the Chisti order, such as the Dargah of Hazrat Moinuddin Chisti in Ajmer, Dargah of Sheikh Salim Chisti in Fatehpur Sikri and many others. But not all saints of the Chisti order are related to Hazrat Nasiruddin by blood, but only by the Chisti order.

How to Reach Chirag Dargah, Delhi

The dargah can be visited at any time of the day when one public place could be visited. There is no such specific timing of the Dargah.

How to Reach Chirag Dargah, Delhi by Metro– The nearest metro station to the dargah is the Chirag Delhi metro station. The station can be reached by taking the Magenta metro line. One can reach the dargah by ease.

How to Reach Chirag Dargah, Delhi by Bus– The nearest bus stop to the Dargah is the Chirag Delhi, Naseer Marg bus stop. One needs to find different buses from the locality of your starting point to reach the bus stop.

Places to Visit near Chirag Delhi

References

Buddha Garden: A Buddha Jayanti Park, Dhaula Kuan, Delhi

The city of Delhi has always brimmed with tourists and exotic tourist destinations. It is a part of the famed ‘tourist triangle of India‘ which consists of Delhi, Jaipur, and Agra.

As a tourist, you have the chance to experience each and every culture of India in this city. Delhi has had a glorious history and has served as the capital to many dynasties which are the main reason for Delhi being so rich in tourist destinations.

Places like India Gate and the Red Fort are just the tip of the iceberg. There is a lot more for a tourist to experience in this city in terms of destinations. There are many hidden gems in this city, many of whom not even the Delhites know about!

One such place of hidden beauty is the Buddha Garden. The garden, which is also known as the Buddha Jayanti Smarak Park is a park which is spread over a huge landmass and is seen brimming with a lot of vegetation mainly consisting of green trees, pastures of grass and flower beds.

There is also a serene-looking artificial pond in the garden, which only ornaments this already beautiful place. The park was created on the 2500th anniversary of the day when Lord Gautam Buddha attained ‘moksha’.

This beautiful park hosts many discourses and discussions on the life of Gautam Buddha from time to time. During the month of May every year, on the Vesak full moon day, Buddha Jayanti celebrations are held in this garden.

The garden also has a Bodhi tree, which was planted as a sapling by the then Prime Minister of India Lal Bahadur Shastri Ji in the year 1964.

The sapling was of the Bodhi tree in Sri Lanka, which was planted by Princess Sanghamitra, daughter of King Ashoka in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka as a sapling of the original Bodhi tree of Bihar, Gaya where she used to preach Buddhism under the same tree which is in existence even today.

This place holds a lot of significance for Buddhists and the dense forest cover makes it one of the most popular picnics and tourist spots in the whole of Delhi.

Buddha Park for Walking and Jogging

Buddha Park for Walking and Jogging

For people who take care of their body’s fitness, it is important for them to find a place where they can exercise daily and keep themselves in shape. In a city like Delhi, such places are hard to come by at times, but not if you live near the Buddha Garden.

The Buddha Park is a very popular place amongst people who are fitness enthusiasts and those who like to run, jog and walk. At any time of the day, you will find people who are busy in yoga and meditation in the park.

The park is full of joggers, especially on weekends. But that is not all. More than yoga enthusiasts, there are a lot many people who can be seen jogging and walking in the park, especially in the early morning and in the evening time.

If you are also looking for a good place to jog, where you can peacefully work upon your fitness amidst some natural serene beauty, the Buddha Jayanti park would be a great place for you to do all that and much more.

Many online forums rate this park as one of the best places in Delhi to go for a jog, which might add to the attractiveness of the place for many fitness freaks. You might ask also end up finding your fitness buddy in though beautiful, with whom you can exercise and meet up daily and look after your body.

Buddha Jayanti Park for Couples

Buddha Jayanti Park for Couples

It is a known fact that couples in India have a very hard time to find a public place where they can hang out together in peace. There is always one issue or the other with which innocent couples have a top deal.

Finding personal space in public locations is like a dream come true for most couples. Thankfully, there are still some places which are quite exclusive for couples, and the Buddha Garden, Delhi is still one of them.

This place is popular among the locals as a place where you can find couples hanging out. Buddha Jayanti park couples is a highly rated romantic couples spot in all of Delhi.

On weekdays, one can go to the park and see for themselves that there are a lot of young couples, both married and unmarried, hanging out. The park is a good spot as there is no one who disturbs them and couples in the park can enjoy their personal space and have a good time with each other.

If you are planning to visit the park, it will be a good idea to go there with your loved one because there will be a lot more to enjoy other than the scenic beauty of the park.

Sit around with them, take a walk, or stroll through the thick forestry with your loved one and have the time of your life. This is how you can enjoy in the park with your partner and have a good time.

Read This: 25 Parks and Monuments in Delhi for Teen Couples (Almost Free)

Buddha Jayanti Park for Family

Buddha Jayanti Park for Family

We have always heard the saying “Family comes first.” and it is equally important for us to spend quality time with them. One such way of spending quality time with family is, of course, picnics.

There are very few people on this planet who might not like a good picnic with their family, especially when the picnic is in-between nature and its bounties. One of the best spots for you to have a family picnic is the Buddha Jayanti Park.

The park is your run of the mill family picnic destinations with lush green fields, flower beds, trees all around and an environment which you would want to surround yourself in a picnic spot.

The green fields are the perfect place for children to play games and run around. There are also certain facilities available in the park for children.

If you are going there with old people then you needn’t worry about them as there is ample safety in the park. The ladies of your family will also have a good time there.

The artificial lake, which has an island-like platform that holds the statue of Lord Buddha is an absolute delight to watch and enjoy with the family. Even if you do not plan on a picnic, you can come to the park anyway.

It will be a very enjoyable visit for you with your family where you can just walk around the dense vegetation of the park and enjoy the peace it provides. On weekends, you will be able to see many families in the vicinity of the park.

Green and Beautiful Area

Buddha Garden

There is absolutely no soul in this humankind who does not love green pastures, dense forestry and beautiful shrubs, bushes and flower beds around them. All of these things are a gift of nature which are becoming rare day by day.

In urban areas, there is no way that one will be able to find all these things at all. But one must appreciate the beauty of this garden along with the fact that all these beautiful bounties of nature are available in this one park.

The large undulating terrain covered with freshly cut grass goes on for quite an area, giving off a natural habitat look. This kind of natural beauty cannot be found anywhere in a city, and it costs a lot of money to travel to exotic locations with such kind of natural environment. All of this can be found at the Buddha Garden.

The Buddha Garden, other than the legendary Bodhi tree also has a thick cover of vegetation in itself. There are a lot of people who come to the park just to sit around and enjoy the beauty of the area. But that is not all.

Read this: Top 35 Tourist Places To Visit In Delhi With Friends And Family

Herbal Garden

Herbal Garden

One thing which you could not find in Buddha Garden photos on Google or on the internet are the photos of the innovative herbal garden.

The Buddha Jayanti Park Delhi has an extremely well-developed herbal garden right in the middle of the park. One can find some extremely rare varieties of herbs and shrubs in the garden. Many of those herbs are medicinal herbs which are used in making medicines.

Also, many of them have Ayurvedic qualities and have mentioned in the Vedas. If you are interested in knowing more about those medicinal herbs and shrubs, you can find a lot of information about them just by visiting the herbal garden.

The little placards which hang on the neck of each plant help many nature enthusiasts a lot in knowing more about the different varieties of plants, herbs, and shrubs.

Buddha Statue

Buddha Statue Buddha park

The Buddha Jayanti park, as talked about above is a park which has been dedicated to Gautam Buddha, the founder of the religion of Buddhism. He dedicated all his life to teach everyone about peace and how to achieve ‘self-realization’.

It is only fitting that a park which is exclusively dedicated to him also has a statue of him. Yes, you got that right. The Buddha Jayanti park has a massive statue of Gautam Buddha right in the middle of the park. The Buddha Garden statue adds an ornamental touch to the whole landscape of the park.

It is a very big attraction for people. The Buddha Garden Daula Kuana or better known as the artificial lake of Buddha Garden has a big platform in between, which looks like an island. Right there, on the middle of that island, you will see this Gold colored statue of Gautam Buddha, in his classic sitting posture, the same way he must’ve sat under the Bodhi tree to attain ‘nirvana’.

But the statue was not always there in the garden. Initially, there was no statue of Gautam Buddha. The statue, along with the platform was established in the year 1993. This was done so as to pay tributes to H.H Dalai Lama the 14th, who is currently the biggest authority on Buddhism in the whole world.

The statue not only makes the park look beautiful but also serves as a reminder to us about the great sons that the holy land of India has produced over the years, with Gautam Buddha being someone who became a teacher to people from all over the world.

It reminds us that how the son of a king left everything materialistic in search of the truth, which people rarely find in multiple lifetimes, let alone one.

Buddha Jayanti Rose Garden

Buddha Jayanti Rose Garden

The Buddha Garden has a lot of attractions. The artificial lake, the large Buddha statue and thick forest with which it covers itself with. The park also has a beautiful rose garden, which many people come to enjoy and look at.

The rose garden is in full bloom in the month of January and December, which increases the footfall of the park multifold. There are 25 different varieties of roses in the garden, which gives the garden a lot many different colors.

In full bloom, the garden looks exceedingly beautiful and colorful. One can smell the roses from miles away. Visit the garden to experience the beautiful sight of colorful roses.

How to Reach Buddha Jayanti Garden

  • Buddha Jayanti Park Address

The Buddha Garden location is located at a prime location in Delhi. The address of the park is Vandemataram Marg, Central Ridge Reserve Forest, New Delhi, Delhi 110021.

  • Buddha Garden Nearest Metro Station

Googling Buddha Garden Nearest Metro Station might confuse you a lot. So here we have put up the names of the Buddha Jayanti Park nearest metro station is Rajendra Place metro station. It is just 2 kilometers away and can be reached by the Blue Line metro. 

  • Buddha Jayanti Park Entry Fees

The Buddha Jayanti park, just like any other park charges absolutely nothing as entry fee. Be it an adult or a child, the entry is absolutely free for all.

Conclusion

In the end, the summation of the experience of the park is something which is full of serenity and tranquillity. It is full of natural wonders, beautiful creatures and peace of mind. It is as if Gautam Buddha himself blessed the park because of which one can find peace of mind inside the park.

Be it any occasion, a family picnic, a date with your lover or a relaxing jog, this park is the best place for that. Not only that, it is a storehouse of knowledge where discourses on the teachings of Gautam Buddha also take place from time to time. If you have the chance, you must not give it up and visit the park whenever you can.

National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) Delhi: Metro Station & Timings

Delhi is one of the liveliest cities of India, if not of the world. It is a city which is full of heart (thus deriving the name ‘Delhi’). It has something to offer for everyone. There is something in its air which will make you fall in love with the city instantly.  

Today, while the city has many problems which a metro city might have anyway, it has succeeded in itself preserved its culture and heritage without having to compromise on economic and infrastructural development.

Not just in terms of architecture, Delhi also has the famed National Gallery of Modern Art, which has paintings and artworks from some of the most renowned artists of India and the world.

Let us have a detailed look at the National Museum of Art, New Delhi

About the National Gallery of Modern Art

National Gallery of Modern Art

The National Gallery of Modern Art Delhi, or better known as the NGMA is the topmost art gallery which has been established by the Ministry of Culture under the Government of India.

The NGMA Delhi has been running for quite a long time and boasts of the best paintings in the country. It has a collection of artwork which contains over 14100 artworks, including some by the best artists India has ever seen.

The artworks mostly include paintings, sculptures, and photographs by some of the best artists one can possibly think of. This art museum, which has so many artworks is also one of the world largest museums by area, having been spread over an area of 12000 square meters as exhibition space.

The gallery is a witness to the changing artistic values and the way art has been perceived by people over the years, with the museum having art pieces even from the field of Visual and Plastic arts.

Keeping all the trivial information and the facts aside, for now, it can easily be claimed that the National Gallery of Modern Art artworks is some of the most significant collections of modern and contemporary art in the whole country.

Calling it just a museum would not do justice to how important this place is in the context of the history of India and its cultural heritage. It is clearly much more than that, and one should not miss their chance to have a glance at the amazing insight the National Art Museum Delhi offers into our past.

Read: Top 35 Tourist Places To Visit In Delhi With Friends

History of National Art Museum Delhi

National Art Museum Delhi

This premier art museum was established on 29th Match, 1954 at the Jaipur House in New Delhi by the government of India. The idea for such a gallery was first tabled in the year 1949.

Since then, this idea was taken seriously by the likes of Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Bureaucrats like Humayun Kabir along with the super-sensitive art community also had s big role to play in the establishment of this art gallery.

The museum was inaugurated by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, a coveted man in India’s freedom struggle and the nation’s Vice-president at that time. The museum is situated at Jaipur House, New Delhi.

This is the former house of the Maharana of Jaipur, this deriving the name Jaipur House. Prominent German art historian Hermann Goetz became the first curator of the National Gallery of Modern Art. With time, the museum saw the addition of other services such as Art restoration services, an art reference library and a documentation center for art pieces.

Slowly and steadily, the museum started becoming more prominent over time. After Goetz, many other noted art historians served as curators in the museum. In 2009, the museum witnessed the inauguration of a new wing, which had six times space when compared to the existing gallery.

There was also a new auditorium, a preview theatre, conservation laboratory, library and academic section as well as a cafeteria and museum shop.

Collections of NGMA Art Gallery

NGMA Art Gallery

The NGMA art gallery has some of the best and the most contemporary collections of paintings, drawings, sketches and much more in the whole of India. There are over 17000 art pieces in this museum, each being of utmost importance from the point of view of art and history.

There are a lot of different sections to look at in the museum, and one must not miss the chance to visit this museum when they are in Delhi. Let us take a look at them-

  • Painting– Paintings are the main attraction of every art gallery and museum, and when someone says that there is no better art gallery for paintings than the National Gallery of Modern Art, Delhi, they are not wrong. This museum has some of the best paintings of all time, including artworks from Raja Ravi Verma, Rabindranath Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore, Jamini Roy among other known artists.
  • Drawing– There are many drawings by known artists in this museum. You can also find paintings in the art gallery. Drawings are just dry paintings, meaning paintings without color.
  • Sketches– All big artists start their art by making sketches. The museum has kept true to that essence and has displayed many sketches by various big artists in their art gallery.

You will find yourself in awe of the paintings and other art pieces. Their beauty is mesmerizing and to the contrary, even if you’re not an art enthusiast, you will thoroughly enjoy yourself at the NGMA.

Read: Top 20 Most Haunted Places to Visit in Delhi

NGMA Publications

Gallery of Modern Art

The publications have been a very important part of the National Gallery of Modern Art New Delhi. These publications not only glorify the works of different artists but also serve as important resource materials to scholars, art enthusiasts, and students alike.

The NGMA has a lot many different kinds of publications which you can buy for yourself. If you are looking for paintings, there are small and big reproductions for you to buy, the small ones costing Rs. 30 apiece and the big ones costing between Rs. 50 to Rs. 100 each.

Then there are catalogs and monographs, which would interest you if you are deeply into art and paintings. Similarly, portfolios are also meant for those who are really into art, especially if they are passionate about a specific artist.

Even if you are not so much interested in art, there is something for you. You can buy for your friends or yourself Picture Posting Cards, Greeting Cards or different Souvenir items. There is even an interactive CD, which you can buy and later watch at home to understand the art displayed at the museum in a much better way.

NGMA Exhibitions

National Museum

The main essence of every art gallery is its exhibitions which take place from time to time. The same goes for the National Museum of Modern Art. The museum is quite lively in terms of the exhibitions it holds.

From time to time, exhibitions of artworks of different artists are displayed in the museum. Sometimes, the NGMA exhibition is on a specific topic on which one can find different artworks on, such as an exhibition on tribalism. For an artist, it is a matter of much honor to have his artwork displayed in an exhibition in the National Museum of Modern Art.

Also, for the guests, having to look at different artworks on different topics can also be fun, even more, if the topic is of the NGMA Delhi exhibition interest to the person. Today, the museum has also started organizing virtual exhibitions, where all you need to do to look at an exhibition is to visit their official website.

Virtual Galleries

Virtual Galleries

The main purpose of the establishment of the NGMA is the promotion of art in the whole of India. For that, the museum has worked tirelessly in every way to ensure that they possess the best possible artwork of the country.

Today, one can easily conclude that they have made humongous success on that front. The National Museum of Art New Delhi is perhaps one of the most famed museums in the whole world in terms of the collection of paintings they possess.

All their artworks, amounting to over a staggering 17000 in total are a witness in their own to the way the perception of art has changed in India over the course of time.

Every artwork tells its own story, one can just click Art Museum Delhi on the internet to know what this means in the context of NGMA. The National Gallery of Modern Art is definitely a place which is full of treasures only some can appreciate.

But it is also a fact that not everyone can visit the museum to enjoy and adorn the artistic beauty of the artworks that ornament the walls and galleries of the National Museum of Modern Art, Delhi.

That has made it important for the museum to spread their art in such a way that people can even enjoy it even without having to take a look at it in person. What better way to make that happen than Virtual Art galleries!

The NGMA Delhi has made their own virtual gallery which can be found on their website. On their virtual gallery, you can find a lot of artistic stuff to look at and praise, all while sitting at your home in front of your computer or mobile phone!

The virtual gallery of NGMA has various different sections such as Photography, Modern Sculptures, Miniature Painting and some sections of legendary artists such as Jamini Roy, Rabindranath Tagore, etc.

The virtual gallery of NGMA is a paradise for all those who cannot afford to visit the museum or those who live too far off to think of planning a visit. All you need to do is go to the website of NGMA and from there, you need to browse to the virtual gallery section.

Read: 25 Parks and Monuments in Delhi for Teen Couples (Almost Free)

How to Reach National Gallery of Modern Art, Delhi

National Gallery of Modern Art

One can reach the museum via different means of transport, but the best and the cheapest ones would be either a bus or metro, the metro being the better option.

National Gallery of Modern Art Address

The National Gallery of Modern Art Address can be easily found out using Google. It is located in a very central location in New Delhi.

NGMA Delhi address is Shershah Road Near India Gate Jaipur House, New Delhi, Delhi 110003.

National Gallery of Modern Art Nearest Metro Station and Bus Stop-

To know the nearest metro station to the National Gallery of Modern Art, one can just always use Google, but that might not be the best idea.

The National Gallery of Modern Art Delhi nearest metro station is the Khan Market metro station, which can be reached via the Violet Line metro.

The closest bus stop will be the one at Jaipur House, which is exactly at the location of the museum, so there will be no trouble in reaching it.

National Gallery of Modern Art Timings 

 The Modern Art Museum Delhi timings are from 10:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. every day except on Monday or other holidays. It is open during all seasons of the year at the same time.

National Gallery of Modern Art Entry Fees

The fees for foreign nationals visiting the museum is Rs. 500 per head. For Indians visiting the museum, it is a mere Rs. 20, and for Indians below the age of 18, the entry is absolutely free! The entry costs are extremely low, which means that you should not miss visiting this museum for the world.

Conclusion

At last, the final words on the museum are only of praises and praises only. The museum, whose primary objectives have been the organization, preservation, and acquisition of art since its establishment has indeed done a great job in achieving its objectives.

For an art enthusiast, this museum can be a literal temple, as it houses some of the world’s most rare artworks, which are also historically important for India.

This place is full of knowledge, and one can better understand the history and the way art has been perceived by observing the difference in the artworks over a period of time.

Considering the extremely low entry fees and the location of the museum, it is definitely a place worth your time and energy.

Museum to See Near NGMA:

  • National History Museum
  • National Rail Museum
  • Nehru Museum and Planetarium
  • National Craft Museum
  • National Science Center Museum
  • Old Fort Archaeological Museum
  • Metro Museum
  • National Agricultural Science Museum

Tughlaqabad Fort Delhi: History, Timing and Metro Station

Tughlaqabad Fort

The city of Delhi is one of the most happening places in India, if not the world. Being a vibrant city with people from all across India, Delhi boasts of being one of the important cities in the whole of India.

It is a city where one can enjoy the different cultures of India with its true essence. It is a fine example of how in spite of such a huge diversity, the people of India still continue to live with utmost unity.

Delhi offers one a lovely mix of vibrant cultures mixed with a fine dash of modernity, which is why you will always feel at home in Delhi.

Delhi is a city which offers everything for everyone. It is a city which is full of heart, and you will find some of the most amazing and lively people in this city.

But even as a tourist destination, the city of Delhi offers you some great places of historical importance and architectural awe.

One such place is Tughlaqabad Fort Delhi. The fort is one of the most amazing places for tourists and offers a plethora of space to explore for everyone.

It is one such places which will feed the inner history nerd inside you as well as provide you with an exotic experience, which you might not get anywhere else. Let us have a detailed look at this place.

Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq History

Tughlaqabad Fort Address

Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, also known as Ghazi Malik was the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty, which ruled Delhi for almost a century. He is the one who was behind the construction of the Tughlaqabad Fort in Delhi.

Initially, the founder of the well-known Tughlaq dynasty was a member of the imperial guard of his predecessor dynasty’s king, Jalaluddin Khalji.

He was an able commander and a military general who taught many battles, being victorious in most of them.

Later, when the eldest son of Alauddin Khalji died, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq seized the opportunity to rise to prominence and with the help of his son, the future king to be known by the name of Mohammad bin Tughlaq.

He gained the support of the various governors, asking for their support for his father’s kingship. Meanwhile, they also simultaneously took control of many of the strategic forts, paving way for an easy military campaign.

After doing all these things, the army of Khusrau Khan, the king and Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq fought. Both the battles of Saraswati and the Battle of Lahrawat, after which he killed his rivals and became the king.

As a king, he had a very short-lived reign, lasting only for 5 years, from the year

. His death has always been a matter of historical debates. But today, most historians would agree that he died after a wooden pavilion, which was to be used for his reception collapsed, killing him and his second son, Prince Mahmud Khan, thus ending his short-lived reign which consisted of wars and rebellion quelling.

Many claim that this was a conspiracy by his vizier Jauna Khan, but not much can be confirmed in that regard.

Tughlaqabad Fort History

Tughlaqabad Fort History

The Tughlaqabad fort history is indeed an interesting one, to say the least. There’s a wee bit of rumor that Ghiyas-ud-din adviced his king at one time to build a fort at a spot, to which Mubarak Khalji, the king asked him to build it when he becomes the sultan.

The Tughlaqabad fort is built at that exact spot. The fort, whose construction was still ongoing when Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq died.

It was built for two purposes- the first being the security against invasions, primarily the Mongols and the second one being that the fort was to serve as the third capital of the Delhi Sultanate developed b by Ghiyas-ud-Din.

The fort was built on one single piece of rock and contains the tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the man behind the construction of this fort.

The whole area was abandoned by the year 1327, which was thought to be done because of lack of supply of water in that area.

Today, this half-built fort lies in ruins and is nothing more than a tourist spot for people who want to have an outing. Just search Tughlaqabad fort images in our social media pages, and see for yourself just how beautiful of a place this fort is.

Tughlaqabad Fort Architecture

Tughlaqabad Fort Architecture

The fort beams with medical architectural structures that are great to observe. The fort is irregularly surrounded by passive stones, which are a kind of fortification.

The 10 to 15 meters high walls of this city cum fort are sloping and filled with rubble so that any attacks can easily be repelled. This design is found a lot in the structures of the Tughlaq dynasty.

One can find circular parapets on top of these walls for extra defensive cover in case of an attack. The whole of Tughlaqabad has been divided mainly into three different parts.

The first part is a wide area which has a lot many houses which have been built along a rectangular gird right between the gates. The second part consists of the citadel which has a tower at its topmost point and is called the Bijai-Mandal.

There are also several ruins of many big halls alongside an underground passage which is quite long. The third part of the fort consists of another palace which had the royal residences in itself.

This place also has long halls running beneath itself. Today, it is impossible to access most of the city due to the ever-growing thorny vegetation. A big part of this city is now occupied by modern houses and apartments.

The mausoleum of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq lies to the south of the Tughlaqabad fort, alongside a big artificial water reservoir.

Near the fort, just southeast of the place, one can see the Fort of Adilabad, which was built by none other than Mohammad bin Tughlaq, the son and successor of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq.

This fort also resembles the Tughlaqabad fort in many construction intricacies. One can say that the Tughlaqabad fort architecture truly represents the architectural brilliance of that era, and if you get a chance to go there, you shouldn’t miss it.

Tughlaqabad Fort haunted story

Tughlaqabad Fort haunted story

A major story associated with the Tughlaqabad fort is about it being haunted. The story behind this lore is quite interesting and involves the famed Sufi saint Nizamuddin Auliya.

The story goes as follows. While the Tughlaq king Ghiyas-ud-din was quite a liberal ruler, he was very passionate about building his fort and establishing the city of Tughlaqabad.

Such was his passion for it that he did not care when the construction of the fort hampered the construction of a Baoli (a well), which was being done by the saint himself.

This angered the saint, who in turn cursed the king and the whole fort construction. There he uttered the famous curse “Ya to Ujjar, Ya base Gujjar.” This translates into “Either vegetation will grow here, or herders will live here.”

It is said that after this, the fort was quickly abandoned and since then it was never populated, except by the Gujjar community, who are all cattle herders. But this is not the only story associated with the first Tughlaq king and the Sufi Saint Nizamuddin Auliya.

It is said that the saint laid a second curse, where he said “Hunza Delhi Durr Hat”, which means that Delhi is far away. The context here was that King Ghiyas-ud-din was returning from a successful campaign where he had conquered Bengal.

But this time he could not reach Delhi. Something else awaited him on his way, it was death itself. On his way to Delhi, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq stopped in Uttar Pradesh at Kada where his son and future King Mohammad bin Tughlaq had planned to welcome him.

Tughlaqabad Fort haunted story

But there, it is said that the prince along with the vizier Jauna Khan hatched a conspiracy where they successfully killed the king. The pavilion in which the King was standing for his welcome suddenly collapsed, and the king, alongside his second son Mahmud Khan died due to being crushed under its weight.

It was definitely a mysterious death for a king and turned many heads at that point of time. Though there is no historical evidence of both these stories, they certainly add a lot of touch to the visit of any person who is visiting this fort.

Many people have even reported feeling the negative energy in the evening hours during their visit to the fort. But since there is no verifiable basis to these stories, everything of this sort must surely be taken with a grain of salt.

Read: Top 20 Most Haunted Places to Visit in Delhi

Tughlaqabad Fort for couples

tughlaqabad fort for couples

The Tughlaqabad Fort for couples is definitely a great location. Couples in any vicinity require a place which is not much crowded, has decent people around who are not creepy and locations where great pictures can be clicked.

Believe it or not, the Tughlaqabad Fort is exactly this kind of location. Delhites who know about this place call it a hidden gem of a location and find it quite good a place to go with their loved ones.

One can quietly slip away from the hustle and bustle of the fast-moving city life to this location with their loved one without any problem. For the most, there will only be foreign tourists around the place.

The location is such that you and your partner will even enjoy the long drive you take to reach this amazing work of architectural brilliance. You can easily walk hands in hands with your partner without any caution and even click some great photos with them.

If the weather becomes even a little overcast, you and your partner are in for a massive treat. Just remember one thing, if you upload those photos on social media, everyone’s gonna know the location!

Read: 25 Parks and Monuments in Delhi for Teen Couples (Almost Free)

Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq Tomb

ghiyas ud din tughlaq tomb

The tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the establisher of the Tughlaq dynasty, was actually a self-made tomb! It was built between the years 1320 to 1325, before his death.

This tomb is located on a so-called rocky island, where it was supposedly surrounded by an artificial reservoir and was directly connected to the Tughlaqabad fort via a causeway. The planning form of the tomb is a nearly pentagonal one. The enclosure of the mausoleum of Ghiyas-ud-din can be seen with pronounced battered fortified walls.

The tomb’s main entrance has a beautiful gateway made out of red sandstone, also having a staircase. The area covered by the mausoleum is around 8 square kilometers, having walls which slope downwards and battlements at the corners of it.

One can see a big marble dome, raised in an octagonal form overcoming the whole structure. The arched openings at this site are ornamented with the help of white marble bands and beautiful jails, which are decorative in nature.

The tomb’s architectural origins represent the Indo-Islamic architecture of that time. There are three graves inside the tomb, the middle one belonging to Ghiyas-ud-din, and the other two to his wife and one of his sons, his successor Mohammad bin Tughlaq.

Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq
Inner view of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq tomb

One can see cells or pillared corridors against the enclosure walls of the tomb. It has bracket and lintel openings. One can find another smaller octagon-shaped tomb in the north-western bastion of someone by the name of Zafar Khan.

One can easily notice that this tomb must have been the first structure to have been raised at this site. While the construction was ongoing, Ghiyas-ud-din got the idea of having to put an enclosure all around this place and fitting his own tomb inside the enclosure.

This whole place is also heard being referred to as Daru’l-man (abode of peace). One can find this name both in the inscriptions at the site of the time and also in historical records of Ghiyas-ud-din’s tomb.

It is definitely a place of architectural brilliance and historical importance, so whenever you are searching for Tughlaqabad fort address, be sure to look for Ghiyas-ud-din’s tomb too.

How to Reach Tughlaqabad Fort

Tughlaqabad Fort Address

Tughlaqabad Fort Address

Tughlaqabad Fort’s address is Tughlakabad, New Delhi, Delhi 110044. Not many people are aware of this fort. It is located near the Wildlife Sanctuary and it keeps on stretching for about 6.5 kilometers.

Tughlaqabad Fort Nearest Metro Station

To reach this place, one can look for the Tughlaqabad Fort metro route and find out the Tughlaqabad Fort nearest metro station with some help of the internet.

The Tughlaqabad Fort Delhi nearest metro station is Govindpuri, of the violet metro line. It is 5 kilometers away, and you can take an auto-rickshaw, which will only cost about Rs. 50 from your location.

Tughlaqabad Fort Nearest Bus Stop

There are also a few bus stops that are near the Tughlaqabad Fort, which are as follows: 34, 34ext, 414, 511, 525, 544, 874 LTD, 714 and 717.

If you are going to travel by bus, it will be better to travel if your location of the start is Badarpur, Noida or Gurgaon. Reaching this place is a piece of cake.

Tughlaqabad Fort Timings

The timings of the Tughlaqabad Fort are from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM and the best part is that it is open on all days of the week. The timings are the same in every season. This means that you can plan your picnic to this place anytime you want at your own convenience.

Tughlaqabad Fort Entry Fee

If you are worried about the Tughlaqabad Fort ticket costs, then also there is little to worry about. The cost of a ticket for an Indian national is just Rs.25, and for a foreigner, the cost of a single ticket is Rs. 500. 

Conclusion

If you are an architecture enthusiast with an interest in medical Indo-Islamic architecture, or if you are a tourist on tour to Delhi, or if you’re just a person who is looking to get sexy from the busy life in Delhi or nearby cities, the Tughlaqabad Fort is a perfect place for you to travel.

One might think that there isn’t much to look at except the tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, but that perception extremely wrong. There are so much serenity, calm environment and natural beauty in this place.

The location of the place is perfect, with it being on the outskirts of New Delhi, and if you are planning to drive here, it will be an extremely fun drive.

There are very fewer people who know about this place, so you will have the time of your life at this place more so if you come with your better half.

Places to visit near Tughlaqabad Fort

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