Red Fort Delhi: Built By, Timings, History and Ticket Information

red fort delhi

Why visit the Red Fort, the oldest monument in Delhi? Undoubtedly, Delhi, which is the national capital, serves various attractive sites for the tourists. However, Red Fort is one of the most celebrated monuments in Delhi. Whether it is about history or architecture, Red Fort’s rich heritage makes it must visit place for tourists across the globe.

About Red Fort Delhi

The Red Fort serves as the historical fortification in New Delhi. It is located in the center of Delhi and was the primary residence of the Mughal dynasty emperors. In 1939, Red Fort was constructed by Shah Jahan as a result of the capital shift to Delhi from Agra.

The imposing piece of architecture derives the name Red Fort from its impregnable red sandstone walls. The tourists can check out the Red Fort Delhi tickets online and check out the best deals. It is one of the prominent as well as massive structures of India where numerous tourists visit to explore its history. The Red Fort is an excellent example of Mughal architecture.

Along with the accommodating households of the emperors, Red Fort was the political and ceremonial center of the Mughal state. Today, Red Fort Delhi has become the home to several museums where tourists visit every year. In addition to it, the Indian Prime Minister unfurls the national flag every year on Independence Day.

The Red Fort lies along the banks of the river Yamuna and is formerly known as Quila-e-Mubarak. The fort is said to represent the brilliance and architectural creativity of Mughal architecture. With so much heritage and history associated with it, Red Fort is one of the major tourist attractions in Delhi. Here you can spend time with your family and explore history at Red Fort archaeological museum.

History of Red Fort

Red Fort History

In the holy month of Muharram, that is, on 13th May 1638, the Red Fort construction had started. It took around nine years to build Red Fort. The fort was completed on 6th April 1648, under the supervision of Shah Jahan. The walls of the Red Fort were built asymmetrically to contain the older Salimgarh Fort inside its boundaries.

The Fort had remained the seat of the Imperial Mughal Rule when the Great Revolt took place in 1857. The Red Fort consists of various other structures that were built during the Life of Shah Jahan, and some were added later by different rulers.

The son of Shah Jahan had added the Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque to the Red Fort complex. When the Aurangzeb rule was over, the Red Fort has seen its degradation. Farrukhsiyar, another ruler in 1712, has replaced the silver ceiling of the Red Fort with copper.

The Persian Emperor, Nadir Shah in 1739, invaded Delhi and looted the fort. Undoubtedly, the fort was attacked several times and captured between 1739 and 1857 by Marathas, British, Ahmad Shah, and Sikhs. For 200 years, the Red Fort Delhi was the seat of Mughals. However, after the revolt of 1857, Bahadur Shah II, who was the last Mughal Emperor, was exiled to Rangoon.

After that, the Red Fort was occupied by the British Colonial Rulers. They had planned systematic destruction of the Red Fort, which included destroying gardens, servant quarters, furniture, and harem apartments. Almost all the inner structure of the fort was destroyed except the white marble buildings.

After that, in 1899, Lord Curzon has ordered the reconstruction of the Red Fort images of buildings and gardens after becoming the Viceroy of India. The first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the National flag from Lahori Gate. Since that time, Prime Minister unfurls the national flag on every Republic and Independence Day at the Red Fort.

The Architecture of Red Fort

Architecture of Red Fort

The Red Fort indeed forms a monument par excellence that combines the features of Persian, Timurid, and Indian architecture. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the architect of the Red Fort, who had designed the Taj Mahal as well. The Red Fort is surrounded by a 2 km perimeter wall, which acts as an efficient defensive measure. The structure of the fort is considered to be octagonal. Along with it, the Red Fort has several gates, among which the prominent ones are Ajmeri, Mori, Lahori, Kashmiri, Turkman, and other Delhi gates.

In addition to it, inside its premises, the Red Fort history houses several structures. Diwan-i-Khaas is well-known among all those structures. Along with it, the Moti Masjid and Nahr-i-Bashisht are also famous structures housed by the Red Fort. The magnificent fort is spread over an area of 254.67 acres. The Red Fort is enclosed by the defensive wall, which is measured at 2.41 kilometers.

The walls stand at 18 m on the riverside, and they differ as opposed to 33 m high wall on the side of the city. The main entrance of the Red Fort opens at ‘Chatta Chowk, ’ which is a covered street. There is majestic Delhi gate towards the southern region of the Red Fort, which has the same appearance as the main gate. The structures involved in the Red Fort architecture serve as fine examples of Mughal architecture and Islamic architectural style.

The magnificent fort is highly known for its gardens, though most of them were destroyed by the British. Along with it, a water channel that refers to Stream of Paradise is also a reason behind the popularity of Red Fort. This water channel connects an architectural style, pavilions owned by the Mughals.

The architectural style of the Red Fort has inspired the construction of many gardens. The Red Fort was entirely embellished with precious ornaments and floral decorations. The architecture of Red Fort drawing results in a unique Shah Jahan style, which is highly rich in expression, color, and structure.

Who built Red Fort?

Many tourists wonder who made Red Fort after visiting the place. The Red Fort was constructed in the 17th century by Shah Jahan. The fort is popularly known as Lal Qila. Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri have designed the Red Fort.

It took around eight years plus ten months to build the magnificent Red Fort. From 1648 to 1857, the Red Fort had served as the royal residence of the Mughal Emperors. However, in today’s time, many of the buildings of the Red Fort are not in good shape.

Museums in the Red Fort

Museums in the Red Fort

Prime Minister Narender Modi inaugurated four museums in Delhi ahead of 69th Republic Day. The complex of the museums is the courage of freedom fighters and tribute to the revolutionary zeal. The four museums feature the paintings, archival material on India’s first war of Independence, and Archeological Museum. When the tourists check out the Red Fort entry fee then they can also look at the museum entry fee.

1. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Museum:

It commemorates the 122nd birth anniversary of the freedom fighter. This museum features documents from the childhood of Subhash Chandra Bose to the Indian army trials which have taken place at the Red Fort barracks. Even the museum includes a cap, wooden chair, and sword, which were used by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.

2. Yaad-e-Jillian Museum:

The museum is dedicated to the victims of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. It provides the public with an informative insight into the unfortunate event that has held in Amritsar in April 1919. The museum highlights the sacrifices and memorial at Jallianwala Bagh by Indian soldiers.

3. The Museum of 1857:

The museum signifies the struggle of the sepoy mutiny that took place in 1857 during the first war of Independence. It gives the public about a glimpse of the events that led up to the uprising after they held.

4. Drishyakala Museum:

This museum shows the best of culture and Indian art. It showcases through four exhibitions which are historical and span 450 works of art over three centuries. The museum portrays artwork of significant artists like Amrita Sher Gil, Jamini Roy, Raja Ravi Verma, and Rabindranath Tagore.

Major Structures which give Red Fort information

Lahori Gate:

Lahori Gate

It is the main gate to the fort, which is named for its orientation towards the Lahore city. The beauty of this gate was spoiled during the reign of Aurangzeb. Shah Jahan has described it as a veil drawn across the face of the beautiful woman.

It is named so because now it faces the city of Lahore. The tourists can find various places to visit near Red Fort and stories which have the arch panels of various shapes. The gate is built by using the red sandstone; however, the roofs of the pavilions were constructed with white stone. It is the main gate through which tourists can enter the Red Fort.

Delhi Gate:

Delhi Gate

It is the southern public entrance to the Red Fort. It is similar in appearance as well as layout to the Lahori gate. Two elephants of life-size face each other on either side of the gate. Lord Curzon renewed it in 1903. It refers to as Dilli Darwaza, which is another entrance to the Red Fort.

The gate is made in the same style as another gate of the Fort, which is Lahori Gate. The gate has three stories, and each has arch panels with different shapes. The shape of the panels varies in between square, cusp, and rectangle. The gate was built by red sandstone, and the white stone was used to construct the roof.

Chhatra Chowk:

Chhatta Chowk

It is adjacent to the Lahori Gate. During the Mughal period, jewelry, silk, and other items for the imperial household were sold. The bazaar crosses the sizeable north-South Street and leads to an open outer court. It divides the importance of Red Fort from the palaces to the west.

The 32 arch sides of the chowk get used as shops, and that was contained in two-story flats. During the Mughal period, most of the bazaars were open-air, but Chhatra Chowk was a covered market. It also referred to as Bazaar-i-Musaqaf.

Naubat Khana:

Naubat Khana

It is also known as Naqqar Khana, and it stands in the east wall of the court. At the scheduled times, music was played next to the large gate. Everyone was required to dismount there except royalty. It is situated between the inner and outer courts entrance. It refers to as drum house where announcements were made. Some of the announcements were made if any royal person is going to arrive at the court if any law was to be enforced, and many more.

Diwan-i-Aam:

Diwan-i-Aam

It is the vast pavilion for royal public spectators along with a flamboyant throne balcony, which was reserved for the emperor. The column of the site is beautifully decorated with gold. A silver and gold paling drew a line of demarcation between the viewers and the throne. It refers to the ‘Hall of Public Audiences’.

The structure of Diwan-i-Aam is rectangular, having beautiful nine arches. It is the place where the emperor was used to hear the complaints of common people. The hall was beautifully decorated with ornaments and curtains. The throne of the emperor was stood at the back of the hall, and below the throne, there is a precious stone used by Prime Minister as a sitting place.

Nahr-i-Bihist:

Nahr-i-Bihist

There are beautiful imperial private apartments behind the throne of the emperor. The pavilions get linked through a water channel, which refers to as the Nahr-i-Bisht. The water is of the Yamuna river coming from the tower located at the northeastern side of the Red Fort.

The palace complex refers to as one of the ideal prototypes of the Mughal artwork. Many people believe that here if you want to find paradise on Earth, then you can visit here. The layout of Nahr-i-Bihist is planned by considering the Islamic models; however, each of the pavilions exhibits the Mughal architectural style.

Mumtaz Mahal:

Mumtaz Mahal

Among the special features of Red Fort, it is one of the six palaces situated in the women’s quarters within the fort. All the castles were built along the banks of River Yamuna and were interconnected by the stream of Paradise. The Red Fort constructed by using white marble, and it gets embellished with floral decorations.

It was put to use a prison camp during the British rule. It is located on the southern end of the Red Fort. Initially, it was painted on the interior side. The mahal consists of six apartments, which were quite large. Currently, it houses the Archaeological Museum.

Rang Mahal:

Rang Mahal

 

The Rang Mahal translates to “Palace of Colors” and was built to house the wives and mistresses of the emperor. The palace was made to look cheerful with ostentatious decorations and bright paints. A marble basin was installed at the center of the palace welcome water flowing from the Stream of Paradise.

It is divided into six apartments. Over the ceilings and the walls of these apartments, the locals can find out tiny pieces of glasses embedded. There was a fountain bed right in the center of the mahal made of the ivory.

Khas Mahal:

Khas Mahal

It was used as the private residence for the emperors. This palace was divided into three parts such as sitting room, chamber of telling beads, and sleeping chamber. The palace was decorated with floral embellishments, white marble, and gilded ceiling. Khas Mahal was connected to a tower, named, ‘Muthamman Burj’ from where the emperor would address his subjects. The tourists can know who was the founder of Red Fort after visiting the place.

Diwan-i-Khas:

Diwan-i-Khas

It is a pavilion inside the Red Fort, which is well-dressed in full marble. The pillars of it are polished with floral sculpting. The inlay work of the structure is beautifully decorated with semi-precious stones. It refers to as the ‘Hall of Private Audience’ and is a smaller rectangular chamber as compared with Diwan-i-Aam.

The four corners of the chamber are beautifully stubbed with pillared chhatris, which enhance its beauty. Once the famous Peacock throne stood here but later in the year 1739, it was looted by Nadir Shah. This hall was used for attending private visitors and audiences.

Hammam:

Hammam

It is a building that housed the baths and was used by the emperors. In the eastern apartment of Hammam, there is a dressing room. In the western department, hot water flows through the taps. The interiors of Hammam were decorated with white marble and floral designs.

It is situated on the northern side of Diwan-i-Khas. It consists of a significant three apartments which are laid with colorful stones like marble. Among the three apartments, two apartments were known to be used as a place for Royal Bath.

Baoli:

red fort Baoli

It referred to step-wall and believed to pre-date the Red Fort Delhi. It is one of the few monuments which were not demolished after the Indian Rebellion by the British. The chambers within the tomb were converted into a prison. It is uniquely designed with two sets of staircases, which leads down to the well.

Moti Masjid:

Moti Masjid

It refers to the ‘Pearl Mosque’ and was built by Aurangzeb for his personal use. The inhabitants of Zenana also used the mosque. It was constructed by using white marble; it has three arches and three domes. It is a small mosque and is located on the western side of the Hammam. It consists of a short prayer hall which is crowned by three domes.

Hira Mahal:

Hira Mahal

Bahadur Shah II built it in 1842, and now it is one of the last structures built by the Mughal emperor. It has an interesting legend associated with it. According to some resources, Shah Jahan has hidden a diamond in this palace. The diamond is said to be even more precious as compared with famed Kohinoor, but it is not yet found.

Hayat Bakhsh Bagh:

Hayat Bakhsh Bagh

It is known as the Life bestowing Garden and is a large formal garden. This Garden cuts through two equally divided water channels. A pavilion can be seen at the end of the north-south chain. It covered the area of around 200 square feet.

You can also see one more piece of work in the middle of the pool. The practice serves as the result of the efforts by Bahadur Shah II was the last emperor in 1842. British had destroyed it during 1857 and Lord Curzon had put efforts to restore its gardens.

Zafar Mahal:

Zafar Mahal

It lies in between the two pavilions. In 1842, during the reign of Bahadur Shah II, the Zafar Mahal was constructed. It stands in the middle of the pre-existing water tank. This pavilion is made out of red sandstone. The tank was used as a swimming pool by the British troops in 1857 after the occupation.

Sawan and Bhadon:

Sawan and Bhadon

The Sawan and Bhadon face on opposite ends of the canal. These two pavilions are almost identical structures carved out of white marble. In the Hindu calendar, Sawan and Bhadon refer to two rainy months during the monsoon. During the day, vases with golden flowers were placed, and at night, small oil lamps placed in these niches. The water cascading from the channel creates the impression of a golden curtain.

Red Fort light and sound show:

Red Fort light and sound show

For the significant historical relevance hold by the Red Fort, the number of tourists visits here every year. However, apart from the mighty building of medieval times and the red sandstone, there is another attraction of the Red Fort. The Red Fort light and sound show timings are different for English and Hindi. It is the blessed Light and Sound show of the Red Fort, which attracts the tourists. Except for Mondays, this show held every evening.
Red Fort Delhi timings for Light and Sound show:

  • For the Hindi show: 7:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.
  • For English shows: 9:00 p.m. to 10: 00 p.m.

Red Fort Tickets

  • For adults: Rs. 60
  • For kids: Rs. 20

How to reach Red Fort?

red fort constructed by

Address: Netaji Subhash Marg, Lal Qila, Chandni Chowk, New Delhi, Delhi 110006

By road: Delhi is well-connected with many cities by road transport. There are AC as well as non-AC buses, which run from various terminals, and tourists can take buses to reach the Red Fort.

By Metro: The nearest Red Fort metro station is Lal Qila metro station in Violet Line. This is a walking distance from Red Fort Delhi.

Red Fort Tickets

The entry tickets of Red Fort Delhi varies like, it is Rs. 90 for Indians. For children, the Red Fort entry fee is Rs. 30. The entry fee for foreigners to visit Red Fort is Rs. 950.

Red Fort timings

Red Fort Delhi is open from Tuesday to Sunday and closed on Mondays. You can visit Red Fort anytime from sunrise to sunset.

Conclusion

Red Fort conducts regular shows, including light and sound show for the tourists. Such shows bring to light its history in front of the tourists. If you love to explore history and want to know why Red Fort symbolizes freedom and peace, then you must visit at least once in a lifetime.

Places to visit near Red Fort Delhi:

References:

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque: Built by, History and Architectural Information

quwwat ul islam mosque

Delhi is the capital of India, which refers to an as cosmopolitan city with the modern as well as historic old Delhi. From the mesmerizing historical monuments to the crowded shopping malls, here you can explore multiple personalities. Undoubtedly, Delhi is known to be the city with a great heart. Among such historical places to visit in Delhi, Quwwat ul Islam mosque is one of such attractive plus a must visiting place for the tourists.

Overview of Quwwat ul Islam mosque

Quwwat ul Islam mosque refers to as Great Mosque of Delhi, which was commissioned by Qutb-ud-din Aibak. He was the founder of the Slave dynasty or Mamluk and had built the ruins of 27 Jain and Hindu temples. The mosque was built over the site of large temples, which is well-known to be located in the center of a citadel. After the Islamic conquest of India, the Quwwat ul Islam mosque was the first mosque built in Delhi. In addition to it, the mosque is the oldest surviving example of Ghurdis architecture among the Indian continent.

When you enter the mosque, you will get fascinated by looking at the intricately carved ceilings. The major attraction which is terrific to look at includes a beautiful courtyard lined by stunning pillars at either side of the mosque. Here you are going to find Hindu motifs such as leaves, tasseled ropes, bulls, cows, and tendrils.

The graceful arches, along with twisting curves and inscription of texts from the Quran, form the first indication of the Islamic character of Quwwat ul Islam mosque. The prayer hall at the Qutb-ud-din Aibak Delhi has eight arches. Quwwat ul Islam mosque is continuously attracting visitors every year. The tourists flock here to explore the history and view the geometrical patterns, corbelled arches, and floral motifs.

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque built by

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque built by

Qutb-ud-din Aibak built Quwwat ul Islam mosque in the 1180s. The mosque, which stands tall, reflects the Ghurids style of architecture majestically.

It is believed that many rules involving Alauddin Khalji and Illtutmish have contributed towards the expansion of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

The Quwwat ul Islam mosque built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak involved demolishing Jain temples and by using stoned. In the construction of Quwwat ul Islam mosque, brick, as well as mud, were used. After the death of Qutb, the Quwwat ul Islam mosque was expanded by Illtutmish.

During this period, Illtutmish has added three arches which are found to be more Islamic as compared with those constructed during the period of Qutb. Even he had built a tomb that has the characteristics of Hindu design. Later, Ala-ud-din Khalji has added a courtyard at the entrance of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

Qutub-ud-din had called the mosque as Jami Masjid, and it was stated that around twenty lacs of coins had been spent on the erection of the demolished temples. The Quwwat ul Islam mosque facts show that the western portion of the mosque’s courtyard occupies the original site of one of the destroyed temples.

On the eastern sides of the mosque, an intermediate story was raised to provide proper compartments for ladies. Anangpal had set up an iron pillar from the Vishnu temple of the fourth century stands in the front of the prayer hall of Quwwat ul Islam mosque. The mosque has several unique features to it, and that is why; it witnesses various visits, especially history lovers, never miss a chance to explore it.

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque History

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque History

After the annexation of Delhi by Mohammad Ghori, the making of Quwwat ul Islam mosque had started in 1193 AD. The construction of the mosque was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, who was the commander of Muhammad Ghori.

The magnificent monument, Quwwat ul Islam mosque in Delhi was built on the ruins of the edifice and Hindu temples, and it got completed by 1197 AD. After that, Illtutmish successor had added three more colonnades to the central prayer to Qutub-ud-din Aibak. After that time, during the rule of Alauddin Khilji, in 1300 AD, Alai Darwaza was also built. Along with it, a court was also made on the eastern side of the mosque.

After the completion of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque in 1198, a massive stone screen was erected in front of the prayer hall, which consists of a central arch which is 16m high and 6.7m wide. The Quwwat ul Islam mosque was enlarged by two later rulers, namely, Shamsu’d-Din Illtutmish, who was son-in-law, and successor of Qutub-ud-din.

He has doubled the size of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque in 1230 by extending its prayer hall outside the original enclosure and its colonnades. After that, Ala-ud-din Khilji had extended the mosque by enlarging the enclosure substantially. In addition to it, he had provided two gateways on the longer eastern side of the portals and one each on the south as well as the north side.

Quwwat ul Islam mosque history shows that it is one of the oldest surviving mosques in India, which was solely built to celebrate the triumph of the victory of Mohammed Ghuri on the Rajputs. Initially, this mosque was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak as a token of respect for his mastery when he became the sultan.

When you enter the mosque, you will get fascinated by looking at the temple ceiling. The ceiling at Quwwat ul Islam mosque is well-designed, which attracts the attention of many tourists.

The picturesque courtyard of Quwwat ul Islam mosque is highly sequenced by the rows of intricately designed pillars that amaze the visitors visiting here. The breathtaking pointed arches boast the Islamic feature, which excellently flaunts the calligraphy of texts from the Quran in Arabic.

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque Architectural

Quwwat ul Islam Mosque Architectural

The technique, as well as the architectural features of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque, resembles the pattern or structure of other monuments that were built by the same ruler Ajmer Mosque and Adhai Din ka Jhopra. It is strongly believed that the entire Qutub Minar complex was established after demolishing Sanskrit schools as well as temples found at the spot. To construct the Quwwat ul Islam mosque, the destruction of twenty-seven Jain as well as Hindu temples, was furnished. Along with it, the mosque was initially built with grey quartz red sandstone and white marble.

There you can find enormous stone-made screens which stand perfectly in front of the prayer hall. The information about Quwwat ul Islam mosque includes two smaller arches along with a central dome, which shaped like an S like its company. After that, a large stone screen was built ahead of the prayer hall, which is accompanied by arches and is of S-shaped.

Along with, another example of Islamic and Hindu fusion is the prayer hall, which is of co shaped and consists of a central arch, which is approximately 6.15m in height. The prayer hall is further ornamented with out of the box decorations which reflect the excellent work finished by the architectures.

Quwwat ul Islam mosque is an exultant example of Indo-Islamic architecture, the dimensions of the mosque include a grand prayer hall and a central courtyard located to the west side of Quwwat ul Islam mosque. Along with it, you can find huge arcades made of greystone plus a total of bays about Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

The mosque also has an enormous central arch along with smaller side arches. Both the pillars and the screens are carved with religious texts as well as floral designs. The iron pillar of the mosque is located in the front. However, the famous monument in Delhi, Qutub Minar is situated to the west side of Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

The mausoleum is built with an ornate shaped entrance on an elevated platform that was borrowed from the Hindus temples. Quwwat ul Islam mosque is profoundly cherished as one of the most magnificent works of architecture in the entire world.

How to reach?

Quwwat ul Islam mosque in Delhi is well-situated with the Qutub Minar complex. The metro station is situated on the yellow line, which connects Huda City Center, and Samaypur Badli is nearer to the Qutub Minar complex.

You can get down there either at the metro station or bus stop. From there, you can hire battery auto-rickshaws or battery rickshaws to reach Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

  • Address: Qutub Minar Complex, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Timings: 7 am to 9 pm all days
  • Fee: Rs. 35 for Indian and Rs. 500 for others
  • Nearest metro station: Qutub Minar metro station in Yellow line.

Conclusion

If you want to explore the Mughal history as well as various historical monuments, then visiting Quwwat ul Islam mosque is the best decision. In Delhi, you can come across multiple historical monuments that make it the concentration of the country’s political power.

Quwwat ul Islam mosque is well-located inside the Qutub Minar complex and celebrated the Muslim conquest of India. The significance of this mosque is that it is the first mosque of India. In addition to it, the mosque is inspired by the iron “Pillar of the Law” and attracts many visitors over the entire world. So what are you waiting for? Go and plan a historical trip with your family and explore the history of the Quwwat ul Islam mosque.

Iron Pillar (Mehrauli): History, Architecture and Relocation Delhi

Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar is around 24 meters tall and 16 inches in diameter pillar in Delhi India. According to Indian history, this pillar was constructed for the memory of King Chandragupta II.

Today this pillar stands in the Qutub Complex that locates in Mehrauli, Delhi. It is a very famous pillar for the rust-resistant composition of the metal. Mehrauli Iron Pillar weighs around 3000 kilograms or about 7000 lb.

About Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar rust-resistant composition has attracted many metallurgists and archaeologists. It has been known as a testament to ancient Indian Blacksmiths skills. It is highly resistant to corrosion. Resistance to corrosion means there is an even crystalline iron hydrogen phosphate layer.

Thus it gets protected from the local climate of Delhi. The height of the Iron Pillar from the bottom of the base to the top of the capital is around 7.21 meters. Out of this, 1.12 meters is underground. Bulb shaped base has a height of 0.71 meters, and the bell pattern capital height is 1.07 meters.

Above the base, there are iron bars on which it rests. The lower diameter of the pillar is 16.4 inches, and the upper portion diameter is 306 mm or 12.05 inches. This gigantic Iron Pillar is expected to weigh around six tons. The fencing of this iron Pillar of Delhi was done in 1997 because visitors cause damage to it.

While once you visit, you will find many inscriptions on The Iron Pillar. The oldest inscriptions show the name of King Chandragupta II Vikramaditya in the Sanskrit language in the inverse form. No matter if this Iron Pillar stands in Delhi, but it is still a fact to know the original location of this pillar.

Iron Pillar History

Iron Pillar History

This rust-resistant Iron Pillar stands in the middle of Empty Square in Delhi from around 1600 years back. It is older than someone who can expect to non-rusting exposed iron. According to people, this pillar must have become a pile of dust in such long years. People usually think that this Iron Pillar must have come from another place and another time.

According to the history of the Iron Pillar of Delhi, the pillar was made in the memory of the King of the Gupta Period. It was also constructed to honor the important god of Hindus – Lord Vishnu. But still, it is not clear for which Gupta King, this pillar was made for. But always, people believed that the inscriptions on the pillar show the name of Chandragupta II, who ruled from 375 to 415 CE.

Who built the Iron Pillar?

old Iron pillar image

The purpose of building this Mehrauli Iron Pillar is still a big mystery. Many people believe that this pillar was a sundial in MP, while many believe it was in the memory of King. However, again, people do not know why it is not in MP these days. It is also a big mystery.

Still, no answer moved Qutub Minar, Iron Pillar, 1000 years ago. People do not know they someone has touched it and reason for this movement. However, one thing is clear that this pillar is part of Delhi for a long time back.

Relocation of Iron Pillar

People believed that the Iron Pillar was used as a Trophy to build the complex Qutb and the mosque Quwwat-ul-Islam. However, it is not yet sure if a pillar was moved from another original place to Delhi. However, many say that relocating the pillar occurred with Muslim rule in Delhi. According to the scholars, the movement of the Iron Pillar happened in 1300 CE.

However, the original location of the pillar causes a big debate between people in the present time too. According to the inscription, the pillar was made at Vishnupadagiri. However, when it was the Gupta period, Mathura was a center for Buddhism.

Many others ensure that The Iron Pillar got erected at Udayagiri as this pillar has a close association with the King and Hindu god Vishnu. Also, Udayagiri was famous for iron mining and working. Later, people said that King Iltumish must have brought this pillar to Delhi in the 13th century.

Iron Pillar Art and Architecture

Since the above, there is a physical description for Iron Pillar of Delhi. Here is the architecture of this famous mysterious pillar.

At the top of the pillar, there are adorned carvings. Iron Pillar is full of inscriptions carvings on its surface. There is a deep socket known as the base of Iron Pillar, and here state of Lord Garuda is fixed. Inscriptions of this mysterious pillar describe its origin. However, people are still not clear about its exact origin.

There is a prominent indentation from ground level at 400 cm in the middle of the Iron pillar. There is a sign of destruction, too, which is believed to be because of the firing of a cannonball from close. According to the Indian history, people thought that Nadir Shah has even ordered for Iron Pillar destruction in the year 1739. However, many have researched if some precious jewels are present in it.

The fascinating fact of Iron Pillar Mehrauli architecture is that it did not destroy even in 1600 years. Researchers have been working on it to find the reason behind it. Researchers believe that the material used to build this pillar is resisted to corrode. Many believe that it is the weather of Delhi, which did not pillar to rust and corrode. Delhi has a dry and less humid climate.

Inscriptions on Mehrauli Iron Pillar

Inscriptions on Mehrauli Iron Pillar

Iron Pillar is mostly known for its inscriptions. It has an engraving of several dates that are still not known despite the easy access and prominent location of this pillar.

Inscription of the King Chandra

The eldest inscription states the name of King Chandra, and it is identified to be of Gupta emperor Chandragupta II.
The total area covered under inscription is 2’99.5” x 10.5”. The ancient inscription on this Iron Pillar is all safe because the pillar has not destroyed yet.

However, some letters are imperfect due to some strokes. The inscription has verses in the Sanskrit Language. Also, some inscription is written in eastern Gupta script. The size of engraved letters ranges from 0.3125” to 0.5,” and these letters have a bit resemblance to the notes on the Allahabad pillar. However, mantras are different from both of them. The character edges are straight ones. The inscription of Delhi is on the hard material.

A short inscription is also associated with Tomara King. Also, the primary inscription is for King Chandragupta. But still, the date of the pillar is a matter of debate. However, many believed engraving is also in the memory of Hindu Lord Vishnu. This pillar is supposed to continue for many years ahead of being rust-resistant.

Scientific Analysis of Iron Pillar of Delhi

Iron Pillar in Delhi

Wrought iron pieces are believed to be used for constructing the Iron Pillar. According to a report published, the pillar is rust-free because it has a passive film to protect the iron rust interface. Also, many believed that there is the presence of phosphorus in the metal, and thus, it has adapted according to the existing atmospheric conditions of Delhi.

Upon iron oxidation, Goethite and Lepidocrocite are first amorphous oxy-hydroxides appears. Rust rates are high initially, and then chemical reactions take place. With this second phase, particle formation takes place. With this slow passivation of iron takes place, which reduces its rusting.

The second phase particles start acting as a cathode, while metal itself acts as the anode, which would lead to mini galvanic corrosion. There is the formation of a passive protective film on a metal that does not let it rust and corrode. Hence according to scientific analysis, this is a reason why Iron Pillar is famous for being rust-free.

How to reach the Iron Pillar of Delhi?

You will find this pillar presently standing in the Qutub Complex in Mehrauli. You can easily reach the Iron Pillar using public transport. Also, you can visit city buses to the Qutub Complex. Also, many people prefer using the metro for the same.

For the tourists, it is advised to reach Qutub Minar Metro Station on its Yellow Line. This station is the nearest one to your destination. 

  • Address: Qutub Complex, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030
  • Nearest Metro Station: Qutub Minar Metro Station on Yellow Line is the Nearest Metro Station of Iron Pillar
  • Timings: 7 am–9 pm
  • Entry Fee: Rs. 35 for India and Rs. 500 for other countries

Conclusion

Man is only responsible for making and destroying. And this is the reason for fence formation around this iron pillar because of damage caused by the visitors to this place. However, it is good luck if one stands to show its back to the pillar and make his hands meet behind it.

However, a passive layer formed on the surface of iron would have destroyed if people would keep touching it. Also, due to this, you can see discoloration at the bottom part of the pillar. This led the keepers to make a fence around the pillar area such that no one would touch it.

Places to Visit near Iron Pillar:

References:

Feroz Shah Kotla Fort: Jinn Haunted History, Timings and Metro Station

feroz shah kotla fort

Delhi is a beautiful and fantastic place that provides various historical as well as haunting sites for the viewers. Delhi consists of monuments, parks, and multiple museums in different areas. The visitors will get amused after watching the whole of Delhi because the site is the best place for any planned trip.

Overview of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

feroz shah kotla fort information

The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort is one of the best places that gets visited by many tourists in the world. The site consists of the Ashokan pillar on the one side and Jami Masjid on the other side. The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort is a fortress fort that has built by Delhi sultanate during the 14th century.

The sultan Feroz Shah then named the fort by Ferozabad. The fort consists of various gardens, Baoli palaces, madrassas, and mosques, which get visited by most of the visitors. The place was in use when Mughals were facing a significant issue of water in their area named Tughlaqabad.

The most remarkable feature of the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Delhi is that it consists of Ashoka Pillar that is thirteen meters long. The pillar stands in a pyramid structure building, and it is a magnificent pillar. The fort consists of support that has brought by Shah from Ambala, and then it got engraved with lots of principals of Ashoka edicts.

History of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

feroz shah kotla fort history

The city of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Delhi got constructed during 1354, which gets considered as the capital of Delhi Sultanate during 1354. It consists of 13 meters long pillars named Ashoka pillars on its side.

These pillars have constructed by using polished sandstone, and it got installed in Sultanate’s fort by using three-tier pavilions. 

The Mughal’s built Feroz Shah Kotla Fort when they were facing a significant problem of shortage of water. Then they shifted from Tughlakabad to the Firozabad due to a lack of water in their area, and that is why a fort built near the Yamuna Nagar, which helped them solve the problem of water.

It consists of various places like Madrasas, gardens, palaces, and mosques that are very popular and exciting for sightseeing. The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort history provides an excellent blessing for djinns because the place is famous for its benefits and problem-solving.

The Architecture of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

feroz shah kotla fort

Feroz Shah Kotla is one of the most massive and ancient forts that consist of excellent architecture work. Much architecture, including Malik Ghazi and Abdul Hakk, designed the fort in such elegant ways that Feroz Shah Kotla fort architecture gets admired these days.

Both Malik Ghazi and Abdul Hakk have helped in building the polygon shape of the fort. Feroz Shah was the main person behind the building of a fort when their area was facing a significant problem of water supply. The fort has a built-in irregular shape on the side of the Yamuna River to get the problem provision of water.

Haunted Story of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

Haunted Story of Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

People believe that Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Delhi is a very haunting place, and many recommend that visitors should not visit the area after sunset. The fort has a significant impact on Djinns, spirits, and ghosts that roam around the place after the sunset.

It has got constructed in the heart of the city that is behind the ITO press lane, and it is very near to Kotla Cricket Stadium. The local people get seen every Thursday that they offer milk and various products to djinns so that they can understand their wishes to come true. You can also find that many mentally disturbed people visit Feroz Shah Kotla Fort to get solace.

It gets said that djinns are shapeless that can get married and even can have kids, but they are formless, unlike humans. Visitors need to know that they are not like angels, and they can get bad as well as moody at any period. The remarkable fact is that bad djinns mainly prey on young women when they find them alone and on the roof while they were drying their hair.

The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort haunted place consists of many screaming voices that come out from the graves, and many visitors have claimed that they have slapped by invisible hands. Many people have also chased by mysterious winds that roam around the whole Feroz Shah Kotla Fort.

Things to see at Feroz Shah Kotla Fort:

Ruins of Palace:

feroz shah kotla fort image

The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort information includes that Ruins of Palace is a great place to visit inside the fort. The beautiful palace had got built by Mughla’s during the fourteen century when they were having a significant problem of water in their city. The famous Sultan Feroz Shah made the place which gets named as Ferozabad.

Pyramid Structure:

Pyramid Structure

The Ashoka Pillars have brought in the fort during 236 BC from Ambala, and then it was not easy to install the pillar in fort because of the large size of components. Thus, pyramidal structured with three-story was get made to establish the Ashoka pillar in the fort very smoothly and successfully. The black and white stones used to make the pyramidal structures, which consist of Kalash at the top.

Mosque (Jami Masjid):

Kotla Masjid

It is one of the oldest and largest mosques of the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort that gets still used by visitors. It has built by using an extreme series of underground quartzite stone that covers the limestone. The Jami Masjid consists of exciting surroundings that include large courtyards of cloisters and hall for prayers. These prayer halls have once used by the royal ladies of the 14th century, and the architecture of the Masjid supports as an excellent example of Tughluq structures.

Top Ashokan Pillar:

 

Ashokan Pillar

The 13-meter tall pillar has accurately placed on the north side of the Masjid that lies inside the fort. The Ashokan pillar of Meerut got rebuilt by Kolkata’s society after the explosion on the component, and then both of the Ashokan Pillars has completely wrapped with cotton silk. Then the pillars have transported by a large number of people on the carriage of 42 wheels to the Feroz Shah Tughluq so that they can prevent the components from any other damage.

Baoli:

 

Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Baoli

Baoli is a stepwell that lies on the northwestern side of the pillars of the fortress. It has got constructed in subterranean departments that lie on the vast gardens of the fort. It also consists of an underground canal that includes running water wells on the side.

It is a very famous Baoli of Delhi, which consists of a tank with the well. It is the old times; visitors were able to enter the Baoli from the north and east side, but now only the west side is accessible to join. You, as a visitor, can not enter the place because of some security reasons, but researchers can quickly enter the area after permission.

Prayers at the Fort:

Prayers at the Kotla Fort

The fort consists of a great crowd every Thursday because it gets believed that jinns descend in the place to fulfill the wishes of the people. The visitors can find that many dreams get written on the paper and then pinned on the walls of the fort within the premises.

Many people come to a fortress that is facing mental disorders because they find solace in the fort. The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort is not such an old place for the visitors because the first record of a large number of visitors has recorded after the end of an emergency.

How to reach Feroz Shah Kotla Fort?

It is effortless to take the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort nearest metro station that is ITO on Violet Line. You can easily make other transport systems like auto, taxi, and bus to reach the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort nearest metro.

The Feroz Shah Kotla Fort timings include the timings between the sunrise and the sunset. 

  • Address: Balmiki Basti, Vikram Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110002
  • Timings: 8:30 am–7 pm (all days)
  • Nearest Metro Station: ITO on Violet Line
  • Fee: Rs.30 and Rs.500 non-Indian

Conclusion

The grand fort of the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort Delhi is very unusual because of its number of peculiarities. The visitors get great blessings from the jinns and the djinns. They can register their wishes to the walls of the fort because it gets believed that jinn fulfills their desires.

It would help if you visited the fort by Thursday because a jinni appears from heaven to consider all the preferences of the people. You can visit amazing sites like Baoli, gardens, and monuments like Masjid around the Feroz Shah Kotla Fort.

Places to visit near Feroz Shah Kotla Fort:

References:

Jahaz Mahal: Architecture and History of Jahaz Mahal Delhi

Jahaz Mahal

Delhi is a cosmopolitan city where the tourists can explore historical monuments to shopping malls. The visitors can look at multiple personalities in Delhi which are considered to be the city with a great heart.

Overview of Jahaz Mahal

Jahaz Mahal in Mehrauli, Delhi, is the real definition of extraordinary beauty, which serves as one of the best places for the tourists to visit. It is situated in the Mehrauli area; Delhi is one of the magnificent monuments which features some of the fantastic engineering and outstanding architecture.

The palace was built in-between the years 1453 and 1525 and is also known as ‘Sarai’ in the bygone times. The magnificent architecture of Jahaz Mahal occupies an effective expense in the Mehrauli, Delhi. The palace was constructed during the reign of the Lodi dynasty; Jahaz Mahal palace displays minute detailing as well as delicate Islamic art.

The palace in the Mehrauli area was mainly constructed to provide an accommodation facility to the travelers and pilgrims flocking to Delhi from places like Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Morocco, and Arab. The term Jahaz Mahal refers to “Ship Palace,” and this beautiful name is highly inspired by the placement of the monument near a lake named as known as Hauz-i-Shamsi.

Moreover, it is also known that the real reason behind the construction of the Jahaz Mahal was for creating a comfortable and beautiful summer resort for the royal Mughal rulers as well as their families.

History of Jahaz Mahal

History of Jahaz Mahal

Jahaz Mahal in Mehrauli was constructed around 200 years later during the Lodi period. Due to its reflection on the vast lake, it gets a ship-like appearance, and hence it was named Jahaz Mahal. The huge Hauz – i – Shamsi Lake, which is located next to the Jahaz Mahal Delhi, is an exciting mix of history as well as legend.

It is believed that the Prophet had arrived in the dream of Iltutmish and mentioned about the suggestible site of the historical tank. After that, Iltutmish visited the place and found the hoof marks of the horse, which was of the Prophet.

Iltutmish had the tank dug; also, in the center of the tank, he made a dome housing the stone with the footmarks of the Prophet’s horse. The chain traveler Iban Batuta was struck by the enormity of the tank.

In today’s time, the tank is a shadow of the past, and probably it has also reduced in size; the water looks dirty. The domed structure approached by a particular passage is perhaps a continued version of the one original one created by Iltutmish.

The Architecture of Jahaz Mahal

Architecture of Jahaz Mahal

Jahaz Mahal stands as a stunning specimen of Mughal architecture as well as a hotspot for the history lovers with its delightful architecture and embracing detailing. The most useful feature of Jahaz Mahal palace lies in its tangled carved structure with an eye-catching cenotaph ornamented with blue tiles. When the tourists enter the palace, they can see a rectangular courtyard along with the impressively arched chambers on all its sides.

The courtyard of the palace overlooks nature outside its mansion, and it is the most coveted area of the Jahaz Mahal architecture. The palace is visited by locals as well as tourists for sightseeing and relaxing after a tiring tour.

However, the flight of the palace stairs that once led to the main entrance from the southern end by a wooden bridge has now disappeared. Along with it, the entrance of the palace is through the eastern side.

The structure, as well as the architecture of Jahaz Mahal, is marvelous plus awe-inspiring as well when it comes to engineering work. The tiles of the Jahaz Mahal palace Mehraulli are well-constructed in an arranged way that amplifies sound like reverberates through the entire body of the palace.

Restoration of Jahaz Mahal

Restoration of Jahaz Mahal

Sometime between the late 15th century and early 16th century at the end of the Lodi dynasty plus at the beginning of the Mughal Empire, the Jahaz Mahal was built. The name of the palace was connoted to its unique location on the edge of Hauz-i-Shamsi.

Jahaz Mahal was initially created as a mosque for serving the pilgrims of Delhi. Jahaz Mahal history is also the venue for the annual flower exhibition named “Phool Walon Ki Sair” The Sultan of Delhi has started digging an oversized tank by following the divine command. The tank spreads over a whopping 4.5 acres in the area, which was completed around 1230.

Due to the several encroachments on the structure of the Jahaz Mahal, the beauty of the palace façade at the main entrance on the eastern side of the Jahaz Mahal is entirely diminished. When the tourists enter the palace, they will hit upon a rectangular courtyard along with the impressive arched chambers on every side.

Now the entrance of the Jahaz Mahal is through the eastern side. The moat, which once had covered Jahaz Mahal palace is now covered up to give the access of the palace.

Things to see:

Hauz Shamsi:

Hauz Shamsi

The water reservoir was built by the emperor of Delhi, named Sultan Shamshuddin Ittutmish, in 12230 AD. According to some popular belief, the sultan of Delhi has received an instruction from the Prophet to build a reservoir in Jahaz Mahal which was well-marked by the hoof of his horse.

Jahaz Mahal palace is an amalgam of Mughal, Hindu, Afghan, and Mesopotamian architectural styles which emulates the appearance of a mighty ship. That is why; Hauz-i-Shamsi has an in-depth spiritual significance in the lives of Delhi Muslims folks.

Jharna (Mughal Period Jharna):

Jharna Mehrauli

The Jharna is located to the east of Jahaz Mahal as well as Hauz-i-Shamsi within the Archaeological Park. The name Jharna means waterfall, and this was for long a water cascade going down the slope from the Hauz-i-Shami Mehrauli.

The Jharna complex has two gateways at the east and north side as well. The overflow at the reservoir, which cascaded down, was made as an integral part of the pleasure garden along with the concept of char bagh. The Jharna can be easily approached from the perpendicular street, which lies opposite the Jahaz Mahal.

There are various structures in the Jharna garden. The water does not flow through the garden as it has been entirely diverted to a stream to the south-east of the Jharna complex.

Aam Bagh:

Aam Bagh

Aam Bagh Mehrauli was once famous for its gardens as well as mango orchards. The place would serve as a tremendous royal retreat for the tourists who have stayed here during the times of monsoon, which was later followed by the British officers.

Qutab Minar:

Qutub Minar Information

It is an iconic monument that is entirely famous in Delhi, like no other. It forms a crucial part of the Qutub complex, which is situated in Mehrauli. The site is also an excellent venue for the annual three-day festival of Qutub, which gathers artists, musicians, and dancers as well.

Many tourists arrive here to explore history and spend a great time with family. Even foreigners have the curiosity to visit Qutub Minar for at least once in a lifetime. The structure of this monument has a variant architectural façade, which ranges from the time of Aibak and has existed to that of the Tughlaq dynasty.

Mehrauli Archaeological Park:

Tomb of Quli Khan

It is located in the west and south of the Qutb Minar complex. Mehrauli Archaeological Park contains step-wells, mosques, fortifications, tombs from the period of Mughals, Sultanate, Islamic, and Britishers. The park has a large number of monuments in the world in a single location.

The tomb and Kamali Jamali Mosque together form the main attractions of the Mehrauli Archaeological Park. It is the natural park where the tourists can find sculptures and crafts of ancient culture. Along with it, the park contains the most extensive collection of religious monuments. It will take around half a day to explore the entire park as it is widely spread with interesting monuments to look around.

How to reach Jahaz Mahal

The closest airport to Jahaz Mahal palace is Indira Gandhi International Airport which is Delhi Airport which and located around 12 Km from Jahaz Mahal. It takes about 30 mins approximately to travel between the places. The tourists can take a bus or choose the metro to reach Jahaz Mahal palace from Delhi Airport at cost-effective prices.

  • Nearest Metro Station: Qutub Minar is the nearest Jahaz Mahal Delhi nearest metro station, which is around 1.5 km away from the palace.
  • Timing: 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM
  • Fee: No
  • Address: Talaab lane, Aam Bagh, Khandsa Colony, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030

Conclusion

The Chatteris at Jahaz Mahal shows the delicate carvings. The recess, mihrab, on the western wall of the palace indicates a mosque. The arched chambers of Jahaz Mahal location promise serenity.

At the end of Mehrauli bazaar, it is quite close to Hauz-e-Shamsi open sunrise, whereas sunset at the nearest metro station Qutub Minar. It is a perfect palace which has yet forgot its existence. It is quite interesting to explore medieval history which lies behind Jahaz Mahal by visiting the palace in Delhi.

Places to visit near Jahaz Mahal

References:

 

Alai Darwaza: Built by Information, Images, History in Delhi

Alai Darwaza Delhi

The Alai Darwaza is the main gateway from the southern side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque in Mehrauli, Delhi. Alai Darwaza was built by the second Khilji Sultan of Delhi, Ala-Ud-din Khilji in 1311 AD, who also added a court to the pillared to the eastern side.

The domed gateway is decorated with red sandstone and inlaid white marble decorations, inscriptions in Naskh script, latticed stone screens and showcases the remarkable craftsmanship of the Turkic artisans who worked on it. This is the first building in India to employ Islamic architecture principles in its construction and ornamentation.

About Alai Darwaza

When visiting Qutb Minar, there are several other interesting attractions that you can see within the Qutb Complex, including the Alai Darwaza – the main gateway into the complex built between 1296 and 1316AD, making it one of the very oldest remaining ancient gateways to remain standing in Delhi.

Alai Darwaza is a domed gateway, providing entrance into the southern side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, which is now in ruins as Alai Darwaza built-in 1311AD. The gateway building was constructed with red sandstone, inlaid with white marble and elaborately decorated with carving and inscriptions. The building is noted for the splendid use of symmetry in its design.

Interestingly, it seems Alai Darwaza was the first of four large gates that Alla-Ud-Din Khilji who built Alai Darwaza intended to make for the city. Unfortunately, he died after its construction and before beginning work on the other three gates. Future rulers must not have shared his vision for the city as the remaining three gateways were never built, leaving Alai Darwaza on its own.

Overall, Alai Darwaza is a nice building, worthy of spending some time looking around. It’s one of several interesting attractions at the Qutb Minar Complex along with the mosque, Imam Zamin’s Tomb, the minaret – Alai Minar and the fascinating Qutb Minar structure.

Alai Darwaza Built by

Alai Darwaza

The Alai Darwaza, known as the jewel of Islamic architecture, is one of Delhi’s oldest doors, which was constructed by Alauddin Khilji, the second ruler of the Khilji dynasty of Delhi Sultanate, in 1311 AD, from the south of the Quwait-ul-Islam Mosque.

The construction of this historic Alai Darwaza was an integral part of the expansion of the Kawwat-ul-Islam-Masjid in the all-purpose Khilji’s project to beautify the Qutab Minar premises.

It was one of the four huge and grand entrance slots, which were completed, while the construction of the remaining three entrances was not completed, because before the construction of the other three gates, Alauddin Khilji who built Alai Darwaza, ruler of the dynasty, died in the year 1316 AD.

Alai Darwaza History

The Alai Darwaza is the main gate from the southern side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. A number of gates were built around Delhi over the centuries, in fact, some of the earliest ones in Delhi date back to the first half of the second millennium. By visiting there, you will know about every Alai Darwaza information.

Alai Darwaza is one of the oldest gates and is also one of the first buildings in India to be built using an Islamic architectural style. It is incredibly symmetrical and is indeed a gem of Indo-Islamic architecture.

Considered to be one of the most important buildings of its time, the Alai Darwaza is the first of four gates that Allaudin Khilji wanted to build. However, this ended up being the only Alai Darwaza gate that he did make as he died five years after this gate was constructed.

Alai Darwaza Architecture

Alai Darwaza

The pointed edges of the historic Alai Darwaza and spreading sparse edges are known as lotus buds, which connect it to the Quwait-ul-Islam mosque, in which it is used as an entrance gate.

Within the main Alai Darwaza architecture, there is a single hall, within which the length is about 35 feet and the width is 56.5 feet. The height of its roofed ceiling is 47 feet.

On the east, west and south sides, there are three pointed corners of the door, which are in the shape of the horse’s cord, while the entrance towards the north direction is of the native nature, while the arches are semi-circular. The entire structure of the Alai door looks quite arduous.

The Alai Darwaza, Delhi also includes a dome, the dome has been constructed entirely on scientific principles. On the basis of complex geometric calculations, the dome is made very sophisticated.

This dome is made on the octagonal basis. Plaster material has been used on the outer part of the dome so that it can be preserved and can be uniformed.

The point to note about the dome is that all the efforts before Sultan Iltutmish’s tomb were unsuccessful in forming this dome. In this regard, the dome of the Alai Darwaza is a remarkable achievement. Beautiful marble and red sandstone are beautifully carved around the Alai door, which is made by seeing.

Along with this, the well-worn latticed windows on both sides of the entrance are also maintained, and the decoration of this aristocratic Alai door is also very beautiful and attractive and gives you Alai Darwaza detail architectural information.

The artificial and design of the surface of this historic door are complementary to each other, which is made by itself. This door looks almost the same from both the left and right sides. All entry points and all the architectural features of Alai Darwaza in this historic building have been designed brilliantly.

The four arches of this gate are semi-circular. At the same time, there is a point in the middle of the gate, however, the homogeneity of this gate is almost like the rest of the gate. You also can see these from Alai Darwaza images. The whole shape of the Alai door looks quite arduous and impressive.

The length of the gate is 17 meters and the width is about 10 meters. The gate is about 3 meters thick. This gate was constructed very strongly by Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Khilji dynasty, so it took too much time to make it.

The magnificent and historic Alai Darwaza, built-in Delhi, is quite spectacular, people come from far away to see beautiful carvings and present condition of Alai Darwaza. The Alai Darwaza gate which is not only huge and magnificent, but it is also a unique model of Islamic architecture.

How to reach

Alai Darwaza

You have to reach the premises of Alai Darwaza in Delhi. You can reach the Alai Darwaza, Delhi via a local bus or by renting an auto-rickshaw and taxi.

  • Address – Aurobindo Marg, Qutub Minar Complex, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi – 110030.
  • Nearest Metro Station – Qutub Minar Metro Station(3Km away from the monument).
  • Timings – Open from 6 a.m. to 6.30 p.m. daily.
  • Entrance Fee – For Indians Rs. 35 & for Foreigners Rs.250. Free Entry for children up to 15 years old.

Conclusion

The Alai Darwaza is also known as the first monument that reveals the true and real Islamic imprints and hence is historical. Alai Darwaza’s present condition is still a remarkable one.

One of the most significant buildings made during the Delhi Sultanate era seen with domes pointed arches and beautiful carvings that add a royal charm to the nearby mosque and complex.

Places to visit near Alai Darwaza:

References:

 

Tomb of Iltutmish: Architecture and History of Iltutmish Tomb

Tomb of Iltutmish

Shams Ud-Din Iltutmish was the third of the Mamluk kings who ruled the former Ghurid territories in northern India. He was the first Muslim sovereign to rule from Delhi and is thus considered the effective founder of Delhi Sultanate.

The tomb of Iltutmish, Qutub Minar Complex, was built in 1235 A.D. It is situated just outside the north-west corner of the Quwwat-ul-Islam near the Qutub Minar. The central one of these is located higher than the other two and is profusely decorated with marble.

Inside the tomb of Iltutlish, there are three prayer niches. This tomb is quite simple, but its entrance is intricately carved with geometrical and arabesque patterns make it a beautiful example of India’s heritage to the world. Basically, the area surrounding the Qutub Minar is called Qutub Complex.

Tomb of Iltutmish History

Tomb of Iltutmish History

There have many important pieces of information about the tomb of Iltutmish. Qutbu’d-Din Aibak laid the foundation of Minar in AD 1199 for the use of the muezzin (crier) to give calls for prayer. In 1220, Aibak’s successor and son-in-law Iltutmish added three tiers to the tower.

It is the highest tower in India. In 1369, lightning destroyed its top tier completely and Firoz Shah Tughlaq carried out restoration work replacing the damaged tier with two new tiers every year.

There are many proverbs about the naming of this tower. Some historians say that it was named after the first Turkic sultan Qutub-Ud-din Aibak and some claims that it was named to honor Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, a saint.

It is surrounded by several historically significant monuments, which are historically connected with the tower and are part of the Qutub Complex. Tomb of Iltutmish information includes the Iron Pillar of Delhi, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Alai Darwaza, the Tomb of Iltutmish, Alai Minar, Ala-Ud-din’s Madrasa and Tomb. The iron pillar in the Qutub Minar complex has not rusted after some 2000 years.

This 4th-century pillar, originally made as a flagstaff in Vishnu’s honor, is a tribute to ancient Indian metallurgy. This 7m-high pillar stands in the courtyard of the mosque and it was here a long time prior to the mosque’s construction.

The Qutub Minar complex is large and includes Qutub Minar, Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Ala’i Minar, Ala’i Darwaza, Iron Pillar, Iltutmish’s Tomb. At the foot of the Qutub Minar stands the first mosque to be built in India, known as Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid.

Ala-Ud-din ensures the completion of the south gateway of the building, the Ala’i Darwaza; it was built of red sandstone in 1311 and located just southwest of the Qutub Minar.

Tomb of Iltutmish (Built-in 1235,) lies in the northwest of the compound, midway along the west wall of the mosque. It is the first surviving tomb of a Muslim ruler in India. It got the tag of the world heritage site in 1993. From this, you can know about the tomb of Iltutmish history too.

Tomb of Iltutmish Architecture

Tomb of Iltutmish delhi

Qutb Minar Complex, the tomb of Iltutmish was built in the early 13th century a few kilometers south of Delhi. The red sandstone tower of Qutb Minar is 72.5 m high, tapering from 2.75 m in diameter at its peak to 14.32 m at its base to give calls for prayer.

Its surrounding contains Alai-Darwaza Gate, the masterpiece of Indo-Muslim art (built-in 1311). The building process of Qutub Minar took a long time (about 75 years). Its construction was started by Qutub-Ud-din Aibak in 1193 and finished by Iltutmish.

Qutub Minar is known as the tallest brick minaret in the world. It is made of red sandstone and has Arabic inscriptions on it. The monuments in the Qutb complex in Mehrauli, pre-eminent among which is the Qutb Minar, illustrate the development of early Sultanate architecture (13th and early 14th century).

The tomb of Iltutmish architecture is basically an Indo Islamic architecture. Situated at a site which was earlier a center of the Rajput Tomars and Chauhans, the complex is a UNESCO World Heritage site: though most structures are in ruins, they are nonetheless awe-inspiring and give a sense of what their grandeur would have been when intact.

But with so much cultural heritage tied to one monument, it would be a shame to visit and not appreciate the story of the tomb of Iltutmish history behind it.

How to reach Iltutmish Tomb

tomb of iltutmish architecture

Qutub Minar is a very famous monument located in Mehrauli, Delhi. It is easy to reach Qutub Minar by local bus, metro or taxi. The historical information about the tomb of Iltutmish gives you goosebumps.

  • Address – Aurobindo Marg, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi – 110030.
  • Nearest Metro Station – Qutub Minar Metro Station (3Km away from the monument)
  • Timings – Daily 7a.m. – 10p.m.
  • Entry Fee – Rs. 35 for Indians and Rs. 250 for foreigners.

There are some other famous monuments around Qutub Minar in the Qutub Complex that deserve to be visited. Early morning is the best time to visit Qutub Minar. Weekends often get too crowded so it’s better to visit during weekdays.

Conclusion

Qutub Minar Complex has always been shrouded in mysteries galore and conflicting views. According to historians, the minaret was named after Qutb-Ud-din Aibak. As you enter, the tomb of Iltutmish architecture, the glorified plaques greet you giving you the slice of history and what Qutub Minar stands for.

But Qutub Minar is many things for many people. It has been elevated to a different rank and entered the realms of romantics. What with many fine dining, swish eating houses in Mehrauli offering its patrons the moonlit views of the minaret establishing the monument as one of the most idyllic places in the city. Visit and know about the tomb of Iltutmish information.

Places to visit near the Tomb of Iltutmish

References:

Khooni Darwaza: History, Architecture and Haunted Story in Delhi

khooni darwaza

Khooni Darwaza is the place that associates with scary and ghost stories. It means “Bloody Gate” made up of quartzite stone, which has three staircases and is 15.5 meters high gate. The three stairgates further lead to the levels.

As the name suggests, Khooni Darwaza has an association with the ghost sightings and the supernatural presence. However, the ghost at this place is different than other stories. The ghost at this place only frightens white people and foreigners. Why don’t you plan your trip to this place?

History of Khooni Darwaza

khooni darwaza delhi

Sher Shah Suri built Khooni Darwaza in Delhi. Khooni Darwaza Delhi is the gates constructed with the Mughal-Afghan architectural style in the 1540s.

At that time, it was known as Lal Darwaza, and later it continued to be famous with this name. But after the empire of Jahangir, the gate became the point of unfortunate events and violence and then earned its present name as Khooni Darwaza.

This gate is sturdy that showcased its survival through Mughal and British periods. The gate got it’s named after the British Army killed primary princes of the Mughals. Jahangir contributed to the long history of this gate for being known to spread violence and gore where his two sons got murdered.

Presently, it is a place to explore historical stories but cannot enter inside. You need special permission to go inside this building and thus search for history. Khooni Darwaza has long use for illegal activities. Prostitutes and drug addicts are mainly found at this place.

Khooni Darwaza Delhi Architecture

history of khooni darwaza

Khooni Darwaza is the double-story gate that is made up of quartzite stone, which is 15.5 meters high. This gate has three flights of the three staircases, which have a link with many historical stories. These gates further lead to different other gate levels.

The frames of the window are made from red sandstone. The walls of the gate are to show the decapitated head of the criminals. People believe that Khooni Darwaza is 50 feet high and also it is considered as a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey in India.

Khooni Darwaza Haunted Story

khooni darwaza delhi haunted

The history of Khooni Darwaza haunted is quite fascinating to note. The Khooni Gate itself and the people can better explain to you about the place. This gate is very famous for being known as Khooni Darwaza Delhi Haunted.

There is one particular ghost to haunt this place and especially the white people. It is because of the Khooni Darwaza History with Mughal-British time.

This gate is named so because of bloodbaths committed on the premises. The emperor Jahangir ordered to kill his two sons. Later the birds have eaten their bodies left over to rot. Aurangzeb also hanged his elder brother to the gate after he expelled his father Shahjahan from Delhi Throne.

Dara’s head display is at the Khooni Darwaza Delhi. In 1739 AD, Khooni Darwaza is believed to have experienced many bloodsheds. At that time, Delhi got ransacked by Nadir Shah. However, many people say that this incident is of some other gate that has the same name near Chandni Chowk.

Another incident noted with the gate is the murder of son and the grandson of Bahadur Shah Zafar by Britisher, Major Hudson. Again in 1947, the gate had seen the bloodshed. Refugees got murdered at that place as they were moving towards the camp in the Old Fort.

The entrance is hidden by the trees with a watchman sitting to guard it. The entry to the gate is prohibited today after an incident in 2002. According to the people, Khooni Darwaza Haunted with many bloodstains in the realm of spirits. You can find the clue from the walls.

Local people say that thousands of ghosts haunt this place. People say they got pushed and slapped by an unseen and unknown entity.

There is a negative feeling around this Khooni Darwaza. In the past years, this gate was related to Muslim Cemetery. But after 2002, a guard is sitting near the entrance to protect the miss-happening of some criminal activity.

Seeing these bloodsheds, Khooni Darwaza Delhi Haunted many people around, especially the white people.

The Killing of Mughal Princes

khooni darwaza haunted

Khooni Darwaza got built in the 1540s by Sher Shah Suri. The original name of this gate was Lal Darwaza until Emperor Jahangir did not let a violent and unfortunate event to occur there. After that, the name got named Khooni Darwaza.

There is a Khooni Darwaza Haunted story that local people generally talk about it. Sher Shah Suri would not have thought that in the future, this gate will be a place where people will be murdered.

It is a story of two sons of Jahangir that continued to be known to date with a history of violence and gore. Jahangir ordered to kill two sons of Rahim Khan as they got accused of being traitors.

The son of Bairam Khan, Rahim Khan, acted to be Akbar’s regent and helped him. After the assassination of Bairam Khan, Akbar married his widowed and then Akbar gave importance to Rahim Khan in his court. Rahim got the position of being the Navratnas of Akbar. Rahim Khan was the stepbrother of Jahangir and the stepson of Akbar.

Jahangir has tried to march upon his father, Akbar, and Rahim Khan went into a fight with him. Rahim had equal rights on the empire and more than Jahangir, which lead to disliking.

Later, Jahangir accused the sons of being traitors and ordered to kill them. He hanged them on the gate, and the bodies were left there to rot by the birds.

How to Reach Khooni Darwaza Delhi Haunted?

Khooni Darwaza in Delhi

Khooni Darwaza Haunted Place in Delhi is easy to visit by road. The gate is around 18 kilometers from Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi. This gate is located on Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, which is around 2 kilometers away from Daryaganj Market.

Address: Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg Balmiki Basti, Vikram Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110002 

Nearest Metro Station: Khooni Darwaza nearest metro station is ITO in Violet Line

Timing: 24hrs open every day.

Entry Fee: Free for everyone.

Conclusion

Khooni Darwaza, also known as Bloody Gate, was built by Sher Shah Suri in 1540. This gate has many mysteries related to each other that turns this place haunted

This gate is about 15.5 meters high, which is about 50 feet. Today this gate is closed after the incident of 2002. On the walls, you can see the bloodstains of the murdered people who got hanged on the entrance or were killed nearby.

The stories of ghost haunt the place because t is a belief of the locals and the people visiting that the ghost primarily haunts white people.

If you are planning for a Delhi trip, then it is good to visit Khooni Darwaza to know its history and the Indian history that lasts from Mughal time.

Places to visit near Khooni Darwaza

References:

Sultan Ghari: All About Sultan Ghari Tomb Delhi

Sultan Ghari in Delhi is situated in the pocket 9 in Vasant Kung. This was constructed by Iltutmish, Qutbuddin Aibak’s slave, and this was built for his eldest son.

This tomb represents the very first tomb which was constructed for a Muslim royal in the northern sector of India at the time of the out-of-date period. This is one of the most popular tombs in Delhi and this is a must-watch place as you come to Delhi.

Overview

This is a beautiful example of architecture located in the capital city of India and one has to travel to Malakpur Kohli village to reach here.

The most beautiful things of the structure of the tomb is very attractive and the architecture here will surely impress you. This is a very elegant structure and many people from all over the world come here to see this historical beautiful structure.

This is an impressive place and if you plan your Delhi tour then this is a must-add item in your to-do list. There are many attractions nearby and you can cover them as per the time that is available to you.

This place is a mixture of Persian and oriental designs structure. Qutab Minar is a nearby place and that is located in Mehrauli and this was constructed in 13 century.

You can also add to your list some other important nearby attractions like Adham Khan’s tomb, Gandhak ki Baoli, etc. Also, there are many nearby markets where you can have a wonderful shopping experience. You can enjoy your shopping in these markets.

Sultan Ghari’s History

Sultan Ghari’s History

This tomb has a very good history and as per the history Iltutmish’s son, Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud, who was more famous as Sultan Ghari has fought many wars in order to save the empire. He was the most liked child of Iltutmish.

Mahmud was also thronged as the Governor of Lachnauti, which was known as Dhaka at that time. Then the prince in the year 1229 and this has happened because the climate of Bengal did not suit him.

He fell so sick that he died due to it. Iltutmish, who controlled the empire could not come out of the shock of the death of Sultan Ghari. After some time, he could recover from it and he decided to construct the tomb for his son.

Thereafter, Iltutmish delegated his eldest son prince Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud to fight Iwaz. In the war, Iwaz was trounced in 1227 AD with the nobles.

Then Prince Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud, was appointed as a governor of Lakhnauti province and then merged the original area of Oudh with Bihar and Bengal and then build capital at lakhnauti.

The prestige of his son was then enhanced and as a gift, he was given the title ‘Malik-us-Sharq’ (king of the East) by Iltutmish.

Sultan Ghari’s Architecture

Sultan Ghari’s Architecture

Sultan Ghari in Delhi has very beautiful architecture and this place will remind you about many of the architectural principles of Hindu places of worship even though it was actually built in adoration of a Muslim prince.

It was built of a stone with some golden tinge and support that is 3 meters long. This is a big construction spread across an area of around 23.6 square meters. This has a unique octagonal shape, and this is located in the heart of a closed area.

The place contains walls on the northern and southern side and there are colonnades on sandstone pillars on eastern and western sides. The colonnades in the western corner are utilized as a mosque as there is a place made up of marble and pillars that are used for the prayers. The corridors are being utilized as a madrasa- a place.

This tomb is constructed on the site of a Pratihara era site and this is similar to the images and structures present in the old times Hindu temples and this also the chamber of the tomb is supported by the floor towers those are raised by a pair of pillars that support the middle beam that shows the old relics of old temples on the columns and also the floor.

The ceiling of this place rests on the column those are raised with the help of two pillars each of them robbed from old Hindu shrine and carved the lintels from other places were seen in the thick lime concerted roof.

The other pieces were used inside the ceilings that were embedded in the lime-concrete roof. Later the tomb was renovated by Firoz Shah Tughluq.

Restoration Works

Sultan Ghari

The heritage zone is extended to 25 ha (61.8 acres), and this is zoned according to the topographical features so that proper restoration is done.

To restore the place which is declared as a grade-A monument by Indian national trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), the Delhi Urban Heritage Foundation made a plan that combined restoration works with the creation of wonderful settings in order to make out the ancient beauty.

The grave has started the plan under the implementation by DDA (Delhi Development Authority) The DDA has also undertaken some other construction works:

Entrance Towers Built by DDA:

Sultan Ghari

The entrance gates were built with sulfur sandstone that goes well with the settings of Sultan Ghari’s tomb by adopting the same kind of technique as that was used for the dome buildings.

100 m of the limited area and 200 m of the ruled area are demarcated and enclosed, and four different paths are built that go to the main tomb. There is a water harvesting plan that is changed to partially meet the water needs to water the plants and trees in the park that is located around the tomb.

ASI’s control is there only up to 300 m from the tomb as the remixing zone around it is there for urban development by Army.

The plan of the tomb structure is unique and different. This is in like a country yard and looks different from any other tombs of ancient times. This is constructed over a raised plant of some height in the rubble masonry work.

The place is in octanol shape and it has four corner towers over a cave known as Ghar which is on the opposite side of the western Qibla of the mosque. This is a combination of the overground tomb that comes with towers and there is an underground chamber for crypt.

Worship at the tomb (Mosque)

Sultan Ghari in Delhi

This is a place for devotees of both Hindu and Muslim religions and these people believe this place as dargah of a saintly ‘peer’. This is a very holy and peaceful place, and this is a must for newlyweds from the nearby villages.

This place is nurtured nicely by locals than then Archaeological Survey of India who are on paper custodians to keep the heritage structure. Thursday there is special worship for the devotees.

Every year on the 17th day of the Islamic month of Ziqad (the month that comes between Ramadan and Eid festivals), the “Urs (death anniversary) of Nasiruddin Shah” is there when the pilgrims from all corners of Delhi come to visit the tomb. This is one of the most popular places in Delhi.

How to Reach Sultan Ghari’s Tomb:

Sultan Ghari in Delhi

If you want to come here, then you can come to her by bus as this is located in the southern part of the capital city.

One can also take a cab or auto or even this place is accessible by metro rail. You can also make use of buses or any other modes of transports here.

  • Nearest metro station

Sultan Ghari’s tomb nearest metro is R.K. Puram in Magenta Line.

  • Timings:

You can come here on any day between 7 a. m to 5.p.m.

  • Address

Garhi’s Tomb Road, Ruchi Vihar, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, Delhi 110070

  • Ticket

Sultan Ghari’s tomb entry ticket is Rs.25 for India and Rs. 500 for others.

Conclusion

This is a place with historical importance, and this is finely located in Vasant Kunj. This was constructed in 1231 CE by Iltutmish which was the third king of the slave dynasty. This place was then reconstructed by Feroz Shah Tughlaq.

This is an octagonal grave chamber that lies underground, and the level is fenced with the rubble packing. Sultan Ghari is placed in Malakpur Kohi village on the Mehrauli–Mahipalpur Road, and this one of the most important destinations to see in the capital city.

You can reach to this place using any suitable modes of transport, maybe train, metro, taxi or rickshaw. If you are planning a Delhi tour, then you must include this place in your plan.

Places to visit near Sultan Ghari’s Tomb

References:

Sunder Nursery: Sunder Nagar Delhi Timings, Tickets & Nearest Metro

sunder nagar nursery

The location of Sundar Nursery, adjacent to the tomb complex of Humayun and Nizam Dinh Basti, is mainly along the Mughal main road that connects the important monuments. Landscape Design aims to improve the nursery’s historical characteristics, attract visitors, and provide a perfect pedestrian connection with Humayun To.

This project creates a truly urban-scale important landscape space derived from the traditional Indian concept of harmony of nature, gardens, and utilities, and the conservation of the environment. Sundar Nursery is designed by landscape architect Late M Shaheer. It has an ornamental central view of 550 m starting from the entrance to Humayun Tomb.

Sunder Nagar Nursery History

Sunder Nagar Nursery History

It was established in the early 20th century when the Imperial Delhi complex was being planned and the construction was done. Sunder nursery was used as a place to the reproduction of trees and other plants that are used in the new capital city, and also for testing species brought from other parts of the World, and picked those species which successfully survived in Delhi’s harsh climate.

To the south of Sunder Nursery Delhi is the World Heritage Site of Humayun’s Tomb (above) and to the north is the historic Pranakira (below), alongside the historic Grand Trunk Road in the west. Originally it is founded in the early 20th century when the Imperial Delhi Complex was planned and built.

It is used as a place to disseminate trees and other plants used in the new capital. As well as a place to test species brought in from other parts of India and abroad and select those that succeed in the harsh climate of Delhi. Many of these trees are still in bloom, although some of them can only be seen in the city. Other parts, perhaps inappropriate and not used at all, are found as rare specimens only inside the nursery.

In fact, a Sunder Nursery Delhi is an archaeological place. In addition to pavilions, tombs, tomb bases, wells, and mosque bases, there are scattered Mughal structures, including three nationally protected monuments.

Sundar Nursery Architectural and Restoration

Restoration

 Sunder Nagar Nursery Delhi is competing with the ornamentation on the internal wall surfaces was cleaned to expose the original details, and missing incised plasterwork was reconstructed following the original pattern. Missing lime punning was replaced with new lime punning.

Lakkarwala Burj, like Sundar Burj, has Quranic inscriptions, which too were restored in matching the style of calligraphy. The parapet over the lower arcade required to be partially dismantled and rebuilt. Sandstone lattice screens in the eight arched openings in the neck of the dome and the four openings over the doorway were restored.

Following works carried out on the ceiling and the internal wall surfaces in 2010, conservation works on the façade commenced in late 2011. The decorative edging of the arched openings was restored, and the upper plinth was paved in red sandstone. Paving has been laid in a generous slope for effective drainage ensuring minimum damage to the structure. The entire stone floor surface has been hand dressed by craftsmen.

Restoration work

Following that, detailed architectural documentation, condition mapping and the landscaping proposal for the 17-acre complex were prepared. Conservation Plan was approved by the Director-General, ASI in early 2011, which was further discussed at Core Committee meetings. Conservation works commenced in November 2011 with a scientific clearance of earth to reveal the foundation of missing portions of the enclosure wall.

During the later part of the 20th century, it had substantially deteriorated. The tomb has been partially restored now on the basis of the pictures of the structure as it existed during the 1960s, old drawings and from an examination of the features of the existing parts.

Things to See in Sunder Nursery Delhi

  • Birds:

In Sunder Nursery Delhi, we will get 80 different species of birds that have been located in the area through bird mapping. In 2014, Ultramarine Flycatcher which is seen rarely was spotted in the park, it is a bird that was never seen before in New Delhi for many years.

  • Trees of Sundar nursery:

Sunder Nursery is Delhi’s first arboretum. It is home to some rare trees such as a Pink Cedar, the only one in Delhi. Various other trees in the nursery are also only found here and nowhere else in Delhi such as Chukka (Croton Roxburghii) and Carrotwood (Cupaniopsis Anacardioides).

  • Butterflies:

Along with birds, we are able to many species of butterflies in the sunder nursery, some of them are rarely seen by anyone before. In Sunder, you can find a variety of butterflies. If you visit the Sundar nursery then you can see a variety of butterflies in every corner of the nursery.

Things To Do in Sunder Nursery Delhi

1. Sunder Burj

Sunder Burj

It is located in the axis with the entrance of Sunder Nursery Delhi stands the tomb which is now referred to as Sunder Burj. Its plasterwork of the ceilings is unique. This building was built during the 16th century by the Mughal.

Now it is among the World Heritage Site Buffer Zone. If one reaches here he can watch unique work on the walls. At the time of the British, there is a plantation in the nursery. The Sunder Burj needs some repairing work to restore the unique look, square with chamfered edges, and also to stop any further decompose resulting from the loss of structural fabric

2. Lakkarwala Burj

Lakkarwala Burj

The Lakkarwala Burj is set amidst a rose garden and overlooks the park lake replacing the overgrown and unsightly space it had become. The monuments itself required three years of painstaking conservation to restore missing elements such as the geometric incised plaster patterns and the parapet kangaroos.

This Lakkarwala Burj is set in the rose garden of the Sundar nursery. Wall of the Lakkarwala Burj has red sandstone work which gives it a unique look. It is built during the 16th century and from time to time repair work is done on this Burj.

3. Sundarwala Mahal

Sundarwala Mahal

This is built as a tomb, due to inappropriate preservation methods in the 20th century, a number of key architectural features have been not seeing. Because of improper maintains till the 1920s the enclosing walls of the SUNDARWALA MAHAL had completely disappeared but the gateway of the building is still there.

Till 1920 enclosing walls of the Sundarwala mahal get disappear. Four of the northern curve now remain while severe and rapid worsening on the other sides has resulted in the biased or complete loss of a number of the arches – consolidation with cement mortar has not detained the decay as the arches were structural elements.

4. Mirza Muzaffar Hussain’s Tomb

Mirza Muazzafar Hussain's Tomb

It is standing to the north of the Humayun’s Tomb World Heritage Site. This Tomb shows the architectural design of Mughal time. The tomb of Mirza Muzaffar Hussain is the principal tomb in the complex and it is still in better condition compare to another tomb.

Located north of the World Heritage site of the Humayun Tombs, the “Batashewala Complex” includes two tombstone enclosures from the Mughal era, containing three nationally important sanctuaries protected by the Archaeological Service of India.

They are an important part of the Mughal necropolis of the 16th century, adjacent to the Dargah of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya, the 14th-century Sufi saint venerated for seven centuries.

5. Mughal’s Tomb

Mughal’s Tomb

This tomb is a tall structure inside the nursery and is situated in the eastern part of the Battashewala Complex. It is constructing with stonework over a raised fort type platform. It is spread over a large area. It is 100 meters tall and 60 meters in width. It is a vaulted structure with rich decoration.

This tomb is a tall structure and is located in the eastern part of the Battashewala complex. It is built with stone masonry on a raised platform of strong type. It is 100 meters long and 60 meters wide. It is a domed structure with rich decorations. Part of the structure has collapsed, the restoration work was done in a planned way.

6. Chota Batashewala

Chota Batashewala

Chota Batashewala exit inside the nursery and just east of Mirza’s tomb. It is said that it was richly decorated. It is a Mughal-era structure that is designed by the Mughal emperor. It has an octagonal central chamber and it is standing on a platform that is approximate 3 feet high.

The central apartment of Chota Batashewala was equipped with four doors. During construction near the Chota Batahsewala, it was clear that the platform of Chota Batahsewala stood directly over the earth. After finding out this issue an earth mound is planned ll around the Chota Batahsewala to give it stability.

How to Reach Sunder Nursery Delhi

Sunder Nursery Delhi

It is very convenient to reach here as the transportation facility is available from every corner of Delhi, either you are coming from your own convenience or from public transport. We can easily get transport services from Delhi to visit Sunder Nagar Nursery. We can either go by Car, Metro or local bus.

Sunder Nursery Delhi Nearest Metro Station

You can use the mentioned metro line for visiting Sunder Nagar Nursery, pink line, and violet line. The nearest metro station to sunder Nursery is JLN Stadium metro station and Indraprastha Metro station.

If staying in or traveling to Delhi, do drop by. There is a nominal entry ticket and the place opens at sunrise and closes at sunset. The nearest metro stations should be Jangpura and Nizamuddin railway station. Paid parking is also available at a convenient distance away.

Sunder Nursery Timings:

Sunder Nursery, Delhi timings are from 9 am to 4 pm. In summers one can easily have a visit in the morning, otherwise, in winter, you can enjoy the sun rays afternoon in the park. You will definitely love going there in the greenery area, you won’t even realize what time it is.

Sunder Nursery entry Fees:

The entry fees of the Sunder Nagar Nursery Delhi varies like, For Indian or SAARC citizen, it is Rs 35. For children between the age of 5 to 12 years, the entry ticket is Rs 15. For senior citizens, people who are above 60 years the ticket will cost Rs 15.

One can even create an annual pass to visit Sunder Nursery which will cost you Rs 3000 annually.

If any foreign tourist is visiting, they have to pay Rs 100 per head as Sunder Nursery Ticket. Entry is free for children below 5 years and for disabled persons.

The wheelchair is also available in case anyone needs it, which is free of cost.

Conclusion

Sunder Nursery is among one of the most amazing revolution stories of the capital of the nation. It has been converted from a forgotten and uncared space to a treat in lush greenery interspersed with water bodies and medieval architecture painfully restored.

So if you want to enjoy a good time in Delhi, then you must visit Sunder Nursery. It is the best place where you can enjoy a peaceful moment. Also if you visit you can find out Mughal time architectural buildings. So plan your Sunder Nursery visit during your next holiday.

Places to Visit near Sunder Nursery

References: